What Is Low Blood Pressure
Describes the intensity of the pressure from which a persons blood pressure enters the vessel.
Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, is used when blood pressure is below-
- 100 / 60mmHg in women or
- Below 110 / 60mmHg in men
If the pressure in the arteries drops, the blood supply to the organs is restricted, which can result in numerous symptoms.
You can easily measure your blood pressure at home. Nowadays, there is a wide selection of blood pressure monitors for the upper arm and wrist. How to measure your blood pressure correctly and which devices can read best.
Important: Low blood pressure describes a symptom much more than a disease. Various causes can, therefore, be responsible for and trigger low blood pressure.
Limit Your Alcohol Intake
Regularly drinking too much alcohol can raise your blood pressure over time.
Staying within the recommended levels is the best way to reduce your risk of developing high blood pressure:
- men and women are advised not to regularly drink more than 14 units a week
- spread your drinking over 3 days or more if you drink as much as 14 units a week
S To Lowering Your Blood Pressure
The first line of treatment for high blood pressure is to make healthy lifestyle changes:
Its also important to take any antihypertensive medications your doctor recommends. There are many different types of medications available to control high blood pressure, so if one drug causes unpleasant side effects, your doctor can help you find a more suitable one.
Even if your doctor also prescribes you medication to help tackle hypertension, controlling your weight, quitting smoking, improving your diet, managing stress, and getting regular exercise are critical for keeping your heart in shape and managing your blood pressure over the long term.
If youve just been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease or have suffered a serious health event such as a stroke or heart attack, you may be experiencing a great deal of emotional upheaval. Its important to give yourself time to process the change in your health and be kind to yourself as you adjust to your new situation. But its also important to know there are plenty of things you can do to come to terms with your diagnosis and regain control of your health.
Also Check: Can High Blood Pressure Cause Nerve Damage
Excessive Salt Raises Blood Pressure
Too much sodium can cause water retention that puts increased pressure on your heart and blood vessels. People with high blood pressure and those at a high risk for developing hypertension, including adults over 50 and black men and women, should have no more than 1,500 milligrams of sodium daily of salt.
Even people with normal levels should eat salt in moderation. Stick to no more than 2,300 mg of sodium , per day.
Most dietary sodium comes from processed foods. Rules of thumb are to choose foods with 5% or less of the daily value of sodium per serving and opt for fresh poultry, fish and lean meats, rather than canned, smoked or processed. Similarly, fresh or frozen vegetables are better than canned.
A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine found that if people cut just 1/2 teaspoon of salt per day, it could help lower the number of new cases of heart disease per year by up to 120,000.
Further, potassium found in foods like sweet potatoes, spinach, bananas, oranges, low-fat milk and halibut can counterbalance the pressure-increasing effects of sodium by helping to rid the body of excess sodium.
Should You Take It Daily
Many people have this question that whether they should take aspirin daily or not? Is it safe for them to have it daily or they should avoid it considering some side effects? A doctor can give the right answer to this question as he/she will check you thoroughly, know your problems, and then advise you on the right solution for this.
In most cases, if you have any of the following scenarios then a doctor tells you to take aspirin on a daily basis.
In the above case, a doctor will give the prescription to the patient a daily dose of 81mg for protection. A patient who already had a heart attack is prescribed aspirin then it is called secondary prevention as the event is being prevented from happening the second time.
The risk of internal bleeding has to be checked as it is a serious problem. Many patients have faced the internal bleeding problem due to it, mostly the people having age 65 and above.
Recommended Reading: What Causes Blood Pressure To Increase
Chronic Stress And High Blood Pressure
Stress is a bodily response to a fight or flight situation typified by elevated heart rate and blood pressure. It also releases hormones to help us overcome a stressful situation. However, when stress becomes chronic , the fight or flight response becomes activated and continued, leading to changes in our behavior that can impact blood pressure.
Symptoms of prolonged stress include dizziness, anxiety, shortness of breath, numbness in hands and feet, headaches, chest pain or discomfort .
Its less well understood how prolonged stress impacts blood pressure. While recent research reveals that continuous stress causes our bodies to release more stress hormones, its also important to consider how stress affects our lifestyle patterns and choices, leading to increased blood pressure.
Chronically stressed people have difficulty sleeping, dont exercise as much, and make poor nutritional choices. Consequently, blood pressure rises, and the risk of stroke or other cardiovascular problems increases.
People who struggle with chronic anxiety or other mood disorders such as depression experience higher than average blood pressure. A study on anxiety and anxiety disorders showed that people with anxiety disorders and those who experienced high stress levels had elevated blood pressure and pulse rates more often than the average person. This study shows that even without a mental illness, feelings of stress can cause elevated blood pressure levels.
Learning To Cope With Stress Can Help
Stress and hypertension have often been linked, but researchers are still looking into a direct relationship between the two. Still, the best advice to hypertensive patients: Try to relax.
When you are stressed, your body sends stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol into the bloodstream. These hormones create a temporary spike in blood pressure, causing your heart to beat faster and blood vessels to narrow. When the stressful situation is over, blood pressure goes back to its normal level.
Chronic stress, however, may cause your body to stay in this highly-charged state longer than natural.
While stress itself may or may not affect blood pressure, how you cope with stress does. For instance, overeating, smoking and drinking alcohol in response to stressful situations are direct causes of sustained high blood pressure. On the flip side, healthier coping mechanisms like exercising, practicing yoga and meditating can all help lower blood pressure.
Recommended Reading: Apple Watch Do Blood Pressure
Foods To Eat And Avoid And Workouts To Raise Blood Pressure
“I m normally have high blood pressure, and I take two meds for that . Every now and then it will take a nose-dive out of nowhere. On two separate occasions, it will do this while I sleep, even to the point of passing out. Tonight was the second time. It is very scary to pass out while you sleep. I also have obstructive sleep apnea. When I was growing up, my mom would pour cola syrup into a cup of crushed ice and I’d sip on it. I also used to carry smelling salts.”…” moreRated this article:
How Can I Raise My Blood Pressure Instantly
Everyone went to know, how can I raise my blood pressure instantly? Here is the total solution to raise your blood pressure instantly. Low blood pressure is indeed less harmful to health, like hypertension , but is mostly stiff felt by those affected as much. In addition to a lack of concentration, dizziness, and malaise, constant tiredness puts a significant strain on those affected in everyday life.
However, in addition to a healthy lifestyle, some foods can remedy the situation quickly and are easy to integrate into the daily routine well show you which foods raise blood pressure and what tips will help as well!
The essentials in brief:
- Typical symptoms of low blood pressure: dizziness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, nausea.
- Some foods can raise blood pressure: licorice root, chocolate, salt, spices.
- Some drinks alsocan Increase Blood pressure coffee, green or black tea, as well as isotonic beverages.
Don’t Miss: Can I Take Claritin With High Blood Pressure
Low Blood Pressure Symptoms
Low blood pressure is manifested by various symptoms. They can vary in degree, but also be part of another problem, so it is important to give consideration as well as seeking professional medical advice. Low blood pressure symptoms include:
- Tiredness and constant fatigue
- Dizziness or vertigo
- Having you the feeling you’re going to faint or in some cases even fainting
- Reduced concentration
- Pallid skin color
You are probably wondering how to raise low blood pressure because you have experienced a drop in yours. If this blood pressure drop is due to cardiac problems you will be able to feel the beating of your heart intensely. However, if the pressure drops due to something like internal bleeding, you will see different symptoms such as blood in your stool. When it is due to an infection, a high fever above 38 degrees may develop. If you experience low blood pressure, you should be attentive to any other symptoms and consult your doctor as soon as possible.
Many Common Medications Can Raise Your Blood Pressure
Popular pain relievers and antidepressants, as well as alcohol and herbal supplements, are among the many substances that can contribute to hypertension.
- Read in app
Send any friend a story
As a subscriber, you have 10 gift articles to give each month. Anyone can read what you share.
Give this article
High blood pressure remains a leading cause of death and disability in America today. Nearly half of adults have high blood pressure, and only a quarter of them have their blood pressure under control, putting them at increased risk of heart attack, stroke, dementia, kidney disease and other ills.
Before the coronavirus pandemic, high blood pressure caused or contributed to more than half a million deaths a year in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Those numbers have most likely increased, as blood pressure readings have shot up during the pandemic.
You may have long thought your blood pressure was within normal limits. But in 2017, based on better long-term data, experts lowered the numbers that constitute a healthy blood pressure, resulting in a greater proportion of the population with this risky condition. The former upper limit of normal blood pressure, once believed to be 140 over 90 millimeters of mercury, was recognized as too high to prevent serious health problems over time. The current upper limit of normal is 130 over 80, and a blood pressure consistently above 120 over 80 is now considered problematic.
Read Also: Reverse Pulmonary Hypertension
Does Stress Cause High Blood Pressure Health Consequences Of High Blood Pressure
Numerous health problems are caused by high blood pressure, including:
- Change in mental state like irritability or confusion.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is crucial to call your doctor right away. High blood pressure can be treated in various ways, and your doctor will explain which one would be best for you. The goal is to get the blood pressure down and maintain it.
Good Sleep Can Prevent And Manage High Blood Pressure
Most people experience a dip in blood pressure during the deepest stage of sleep , which is the body’s normal and healthy reaction to sleep. Not having that nighttime dip is a risk factor for heart disease and may increase daytime blood pressure.
Typically people spend 90 minutes to two hours in slow wave sleep per night. A recent study published in Hypertension found that men who got less slow wave sleep each night were a higher risk for hypertension than men who got more deep sleep.
While sleep disorders, like sleep apnea, and age can both affect the amount of deep sleep you get, there are steps you can take to ensure a good night’s sleep. Getting seven to eight hours of sleep a night, maintaining a consistent sleep schedule and being more active during the day can help improve the quality of your sleep.
Home Blood Pressure Monitoring
Some people buy their own blood pressure monitor to use at home. This means you can measure your blood pressure on an ongoing basis.
The blood pressure readings you do at home are as good as those done by your doctor.
If you decide to buy one, it’s important to get the correct cuff size. If the cuff is too big or too small, it can give an inaccurate reading.
If you take your own blood pressure and get an unusually high reading, take it a second time after at least five minutes. If it’s still high and you’re worried, contact your nurse or GP.
What Are The Possible Side Effects
Medicines affect everyone differently. Not everyone will have the same side effects from a certain medicine.
Antihypertensive medicines might make you feel dizzy when you stand up. They also might lower the levels of potassium in your blood. You may have trouble sleeping or feel tired during the day. You might have a cough, dry mouth, and headaches. You may feel bloated, constipated, or depressed. Some antihypertensive medicines can cause men to have erection problems.
Talk with your doctor about any side effects you notice. If one medicine does not work for you or if it causes side effects, you can try another medicine. Let your doctor help you find the right medicine for you.
Read the full article.
- Get immediate access, anytime, anywhere.
- Choose a single article, issue, or full-access subscription.
- Earn up to 6 CME credits per issue.
Also Check: Low To Lower Blood Pressure
How Common Is High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is a common condition, it is estimated that 18% of adult men and 13% of adult women have high blood pressure but are not getting treatment for it.
In 90-95% of cases, there is no single identifiable reason for a rise in blood pressure. But all available evidence shows that lifestyle plays a significant role in regulating your blood pressure.
Risk factors for high blood pressure include:
- poor diet
- being overweight
- excessive alcohol consumption.
Also, for reasons not fully understood, people of Afro-Caribbean and South Asian origin are more likely to develop high blood pressure than other ethnic groups.
Causes And Risk Factors
You may be at an increased risk for high blood pressure if you smoke, areoverweight, eat a diet thats low on produce and fiber and/or high in fatand salt, drink alcohol to excess, live with chronic stress or dont getmuch physical activity. Some causes of hypertension cannot becontrolledincluding your genes and your race . Aging also plays a role. Even if you do not have hypertensionby age 55 to 65, your lifetime risk for developing it is a whopping 90percent.
In one Johns Hopkins study of 975 older women and men with hypertension,healthy lifestyle steps helped 40 percent stop taking blood pressuremedications. Other research has shown that lifestyle changes can lower therisk for hypertension in African-Americans and others at an increasedgenetic risk.
You May Like: Does Claritin D Raise Blood Pressure
What Foods Raise Blood Pressure Immediately
Some food which should be avoided for high blood pressure can affect it faster than others. Those foods are important to identify, especially on days when your BP will be tested. Therefore, what foods raise blood pressure immediately?
Foods that raise blood pressure immediately are:
Ill explain why each one of these foods produce an instant effect on blood pressure. The foods high in tyramine are exceptionally important if youre taking certain medications. If you havent heard of tyramine, its the first food on the list.
BP Tip: Lower BP by just breathing? A device is FDA approved and The American Heart Association gave it the thumbs up. It simply guides your breathing for you a few minutes a day which has been proven to lower BP in studies. You can check it out in the manufacturers website by .
Disclaimer: Some links in this article are affiliate links which means I may earn a small commission at no extra cost to you. Never change or modify your diet without seeking advice from a physician.
Blood Pressure And The Heart
Theres a reason why your blood pressure is taken every time you visit a doctors office or hospital, regardless of the complaint that brought you there. High blood pressure is rightly known as the silent killer. It often carries no symptoms or warning signs but can drastically increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. The higher the number, the harder your heart is having to work to pump blood around your body and the more likely it is that damage is being done to the heart muscle. Since all parts of your body rely on circulation, though, its not just your heart that high blood pressure can impact. If blood doesnt flow easily, it can harm your arteries as well as vital organs such as the kidneys, eyes, and brain.
High blood pressure has been shown to damage the tiny blood vessels in the parts of your brain responsible for cognition and memory, greatly increasing your risk of developing Alzheimers disease or another dementia. Being diagnosed with cardiovascular disease can also take an emotional toll, affecting your outlook and making you more susceptible to anxiety and depression. And just as blood pressure may have an impact your mood, the reverse can also be true:
You May Like: Is Pulmonary Hypertension Reversible