Dietary Recommendations For Hypertension
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in the United States recommends the DASH diet. This diet suggests several servings from various food groups with a few limitations. Having risk factors for hypertension requires you to follow these dietary recommendations to prevent further complications.
Dietary recommendations for hypertension include:
Limit intake of foods that are high in cholesterol, saturated fats, and trans fats.
Consume more whole foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Eat more fish, poultry, and legumes.
Limit sodium in your diet.
Drink low-fat or skim dairy products instead of using the cream of full-fat.
Cut sugar in your diet. If possible, do not incorporate sweetened products.
Set Weight Loss Goals
If your doctor has recommended you lose weight, talk with them about an optimal weight loss goal for you. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends a weight loss goal of one to two pounds a week. This can be achieved through a more nutritious diet and increased physical exercise.
Employing the help of a trainer or fitness app, and possibly even a dietician, are all methods to help you learn how to make the best choices for your body and your lifestyle.
What Is Considered Dangerously High Blood Pressure
Blood flows through your arteries, supplying your bodys organs with the oxygen and nutrients they need to function properly. The force of your blood against the walls of your arteries is called your blood pressure. Too much pressure can increase your risk of stroke, heart attack, and other health concerns.
When your blood pressure dangerously high, above 180/120, you could be experiencing a hypertensive crisis and might need emergency treatment. There is a chance that dangerously high blood pressure has caused damage to your bodys organs.
What Is Normal Blood Pressure?
Two numbers are used to measure your blood pressure. The top number on a blood pressure reading measures your systolic pressure, or the amount of force your blood puts on the walls of your arteries when your heart beats. The bottom number measures diastolic pressure, which is the amount of force your blood puts on the walls of your arteries between heartbeats.
If you have whats considered normal blood pressure, your systolic pressure is 120 or lower. Your diastolic pressure is less than 80.
What Causes High Blood Pressure?
A blood pressure reading over 120/80 but lower than 130/80 is considered elevated, while a reading above 130/80 is considered high. If your blood pressure reaches 180/120, you are experiencing whats called a hypertensive crisis.
What Are the Risks of Dangerously High Blood Pressure?
- Headache, confusion and blurred vision
- Chest pain
How to Improve Your Blood Pressure
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Stroke And Brain Problems
High blood pressure can cause the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the brain to burst or be blocked, causing a stroke. Brain cells die during a stroke because they do not get enough oxygen. Stroke can cause serious disabilities in speech, movement, and other basic activities. A stroke can also kill you.
Having high blood pressure, especially in midlife, is linked to having poorer cognitive function and dementia later in life. Learn more about the link between high blood pressure and dementia from the National Institutes of Healths Mind Your Risks®external icon campaign.
Understanding Blood Pressure Readings
The AHA explains that blood pressure is essentially the amount of force exerted by blood as it pushes up against blood vessel walls. Blood pressure is deemed to be “high” when the force of that push is higher than it should safely be.
The problem is that high blood pressure also known as hypertension is often symptomless. Many people don’t even know they have it until a cardiac emergency, such as a heart attack, strikes. Prevention by means of routine blood pressure screenings is key.
A blood pressure reading is delivered as a ratio of a top number and a bottom number . Both numbers are expressed as millimeters of mercury. The top number references blood pressure when the heart is beating, and the bottom number refers to the pressure when the heart is at rest between beats.
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How To Manage High Diastolic Blood Pressure
1. Lifestyle Changes
If you have hypertension or prehypertension, it is advisable to implement the following lifestyle changes:
- Do not smoke
- Adjust to healthy diet fresh vegetables, fruits, low-fat dairy products and low salt intake
- Sustain healthy weight
- Exercise regularly at least 30 minutes of moderate activity every day
The doctor might prescribe the following medications:
These are water pills that flush out excess sodium and water from your body and lower your blood pressure. One option is thiazide since it has minimal side effects.
- Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
They make blood vessels widen. This is done by inhibiting the formation of angiotensin hormone.
- Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
Facts About High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure affects your health at every level
There’s a good reason why every doctor’s appointment starts with a blood pressure check. While one in three American adults has high blood pressure, about 20% of people are unaware that they have it because it is largely symptomless.
In fact, most people find out they have high blood pressure during a routine office visit.
Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as the heart pumps blood. High blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension, is when that force is too high and begins harming the body. If left untreated, it willl eventually cause damage to the heart and blood vessels.
Your blood pressure is measured in two numbers: The top systolic blood pressure measures the force pushing against artery walls when the heart is contracting. The bottom diastolic blood pressure measures pressure in the arteries when the heart is resting between beats.
Normal blood pressure levels are 120 mmHg/80 mmHg or lower. At risk levels are 120-139 mmHg/80-89 mmHg. Readings of 140 mmHg/90 mmHg or higher are defined as high blood pressure.
Here are six other things you should know about high blood pressure.
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How Common Is Dangerously High Blood Pressure
Hypertension is extremely common in the United States.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that one in every three adults has hypertension. One in three adults also shows signs of prehypertension, or elevated blood pressure numbers.
Even though it is an extremely common disease, only about half of people with high blood pressure have their condition under control. This can be due to resistant hypertension, another health issue that affects blood pressure, or the inability to make lifestyle changes.
Living With High Blood Pressure
Controlling your high blood pressure is a lifelong commitment. You will always need to monitor your weight, make healthy food choices, exercise, learn to cope with stress, avoid smoking, and limit your alcohol intake. If you need medicine to control your high blood pressure, you will likely need it all your life.
Additionally, you will need to get used to regular blood pressure checks. Your doctor may want you to come to the office regularly. Or you may be asked to check your blood pressure at home and keep track of your numbers for your doctor. Some pharmacies and retail clinics have blood pressure machines on site. You can buy your own, automated arm blood pressure cuff for use at home. Your doctor may want you to check your blood pressure several times a day. Another option is to use an ambulatory blood pressure monitor.
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Hematuria Or Blood In The Urine:
It is common in people who have high blood pressure. The urine can turn brownish-red, pink, red, or tea-colored. One might not see the red blood cells directly in the blood as it requires laboratory examination to confirm the presence of RBC.
Such patients should avoid taking anti-inflammatory medicines as it increases the risk of bleeding for a long duration. Hematuria can also be due to kidney infection, kidney stones, glomerulonephritis, enlarged prostate, kidney disease, etc.
What Weight Goal Should You Have To Lower Blood Pressure
If youre concerned about weight, check with your doctor to come up with a weight goal thats right for you.
Many experts suggest setting SMART goalsspecific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound goalsto achieve long-term weight loss. You might also think in terms of process goalse.g., walking 10,000 steps a day, vs. losing a certain number of pounds. In addition, consider body compositionyour percentages of fat, water, and bone mass.
Scheme: Example of a reasonable weight loss achievement while setting SMART weight goals. More examples +
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Quitting Smoking And Limiting Alcohol
If youre a smoker and have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, your doctor will most likely advise you to quit. The chemicals in tobacco smoke can damage the bodys tissues and harden blood vessel walls.
If you regularly consume too much alcohol or have an alcohol dependency, seek help to reduce the amount you drink or stop altogether. Drinking alcohol in excess can raise blood pressure.
If you have risk factors for hypertension, you can take steps now to lower your risk for the condition and its complications.
Understanding How Blood Pressure Works
Blood pressure is the force that blood exerts on the artery walls. It is measured in millimeters of mercury by a gauge attached to a blood pressure cuff.
An optimal blood pressure reading is below 120/80 mmHg. That means that each time the heart contracts, blood is ejected with a force of 120 mmHg. When the heart relaxes in order to refill, this force drops to 80 mmHg.
If your blood pressure is chronically higher than 120/80 mmHg, it means the resistance is greater, and your heart has to work harder to push blood through your body. At this point, your doctor may recommend you try certain lifestyle changes to bring it down. These can include losing weight, exercising and cutting down on salt consumption.
If your blood pressure reaches 130/80 mmHg, you are said to have hypertension. Your risk of a cardiovascular event begins to increase exponentially. It may be necessary for you to take one or more medications to bring your pressure down.
Even if you have no symptoms, you should take these medications faithfully.
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Dangerous Myths About High Blood Pressure
May marks National High Blood Pressure Education Month, dedicated to raising awareness of a disorder that claims more lives each year than obesity, pre-diabetes and high cholesterol combined, accounting for about 1,000 deaths a day in the US, according to a 2015 paper published in Journal of Human Hypertension.
In most countries, more than 80 percent of adults have blood pressure levels that increase their risk for early death from cardiovascular disease including heart attacks, strokes and heart failure, according to a recent paper published in European Heart Journal Supplements. Yet high blood pressure is both treatable and preventable.
Here are common misconceptions about HBP , along with the facts patients need to know to protect their health.
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A Fast & Easy Solution For Healthy Blood Pressure
There are a few important ways for having healthier blood pressure. – diet and exercise being the two important factors.
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SafeBeat Initiative: Understanding The Highs And Lows Of . If your blood pressure reaches dangerously high levels , there is the risk that it will cause damage to the organs. Blood might leak from them. When pressure is dangerously high, your organs won’t get the blood they need to function properly. When your blood pressure is too high, the arteries can become inflamed.
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Were You Diagnosed With Hypertension
People who suffer from hypertension know how important it is to receive the proper care for their condition.
Wearing a medical ID bracelet can greatly aid you in emergency situations when you need all the help you can get.
In the case of emergency, hospital workers will know that your hypertension is a chronic issue. Then it may not be related to whatever other trauma your body has experienced, giving them precious time.
In other instances, medical workers can quickly diagnose your emergency if it is actually related to your high blood pressure.
If you are unable to communicate, a medical ID band can save your life by making sure you receive proper care. Don’t just take it from us- read our customer testimonials!
Dangerously High Blood Pressure: All You Need To Know About Hypertension
High blood pressure is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Thats why its so important for you to stay on top of your health and know the symptoms of dangerously high blood pressure.
If you have already been diagnosed with hypertension, you may already know the risks and what to do in case of an emergency. Even so, it always helps to be prepared.
Heres everything you need to know about hypertension, plus what to do in case of a medical emergency.
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You Must Lower Your Bad Cholesterol While Maintaining Your Good Cholesterol
Whether youve heard of bad cholesterol or good cholesterol , I assure you. Theyre having a MASSIVE effect on the health of your blood.
LDL cholesterol is considered bad because it creates plaque, a thick, hard deposit that can clog arteries, making them less flexible. Eventually, a clot can form, blocking a narrowed artery, often resulting in heart attack or stroke. Another condition called peripheral artery disease can develop when plaque buildup and narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to the limbs . Either scenario often results in death or life-altering consequences.
HDL cholesterol is considered good because it aids in removing LDL cholesterol from the arteries. Scientists believe HDL acts as a scavenger, carrying LDL cholesterol away from the arteries and safely back to the liver, where its broken down and passed from the body.
A healthy level of HDL cholesterol will protect against heart attack and stroke, while low levels of HDL cholesterol have been shown to increase the risk of heart disease.