Take Blood Pressure Medications Exactly As Directed
According to the American Heart Association Trusted Source, consumers should take their blood pressure medications exactly as prescribed by their doctor. People should never stop or reduce their medicine unless their doctor has instructed them to do so.
If a person struggles to remember to take their blood pressure medicine, they could set up daily reminders on their phone or other devices.
Eat Garlic Or Take Garlic Extract Supplements
Fresh garlic or garlic extract are both widely used to lower blood pressure.
A meta-analysis found that for people with high blood pressure, garlic supplements reduced their systolic blood pressure by up to about 5 mm Hg and reduced their diastolic blood pressure as much as 2.5 mm Hg .
According to a 2009 clinical study, a time-release garlic extract preparation may have a greater effect on blood pressure than regular garlic powder tablets .
Try These Medicinal Herbs
Herbal medicines have long been used in many cultures to treat a variety of ailments.
Some herbs have even been shown to possibly lower blood pressure. However, more research is needed to identify the doses and components in the herbs that are most useful.
Always check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking herbal supplements. They may interfere with your prescription medications.
Heres a partial list of plants and herbs that are used by cultures throughout the world to lower blood pressure:
- black bean
- river lily
- Avoid daytime naps.
- Make your bedroom comfortable.
The 2010 national Sleep Heart Health Study found that regularly sleeping fewer than 7 hours a night and more than 9 hours a night was associated with an increased rate of high blood pressure.
Regularly sleeping fewer than 5 hours a night was linked to a significant risk of high blood pressure long term .
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Risk Of Injury From Falls
If your blood pressure is low enough, the drop can cause symptoms such as fainting or dizziness.This causes a significant risk of falling since youre not conscious to stop the fall. Additionally, youre not aware of how badly youve injured yourself during a fainting spell. This can lead to serious injuries, such as head trauma from hitting your head.
Aggressively Lowering High Systolic Blood Pressure Can Reduce The Risk Of Heart Attack And Stroke But How Significant Is The Diastolic Number
When it comes to managing blood pressure, doctors tend to focus on lowering the top number, and for good reason.
“Its been well established that aggressively treating high systolic pressure can help lower ones risk for a heart attack or stroke,” says Dr. Stephen Juraschek, a blood pressure specialist at the Hypertension Center of Harvard-affiliated Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.
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- Research health conditions
- Prepare for a doctor’s visit or test
- Find the best treatments and procedures for you
- Explore options for better nutrition and exercise
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What Do Blood Pressure Numbers Mean
There are two sets of blood pressure numbers: systolic and diastolic. The top number of a blood pressure reading is called systolic. This means that your heart squeezes the hardest when it pumps blood through your blood vessels. Diastolic is the lower number. It is between each heartbeat. Your heart rests so it can fill with more blood.
Diastolic blood pressure is important because it gives us an idea of how well your heart is relaxing between each heartbeat, but the standard diastolic blood pressure number you hear about in most cases isnt exactly accurate for everyone. This person is on medication that slows down their metabolism. This means they will have a low pulse rate without any effort.
There are a few different ways to determine your diastolic blood pressure. You can get it done in the doctors office using an inflatable cuff, you could use one of those automated cuffs that take readings every time they sense your pulse or if you have access to home monitors then there is always that option as well. If you do not know what your blood pressure number is, ask your doctor.
How To Lower Your Blood Pressure With Food
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Implications For Public Health And Patient Wellness
Based on published population studies, the degree of incremental reduction in diastolic blood pressure we observed with the whole-grain diet versus the refined-grain diet 4.2 mm Hg equates to reductions of about 40 percent in stroke mortality risk and 30 percent in ischemic heart or vascular mortality risk, says Dr. Kirwan. Since elevated diastolic blood pressure has been shown to be a primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease in the population we studied adults under age 50 these findings have important implications for patient care and public health.
Dr. Kirwan notes that while these findings build on strong observational evidence that whole grains can be an important dietary adjunct for hypertension treatment and prevention, some previous intervention studies have not supported that evidence. He says study design may help explain the difference.
Most studies examining whole-grain foods have allowed participants to remain in free-living environments where these foods are provided in their usual diets, he says. That approach can lead to participants adding, rather than substituting, the intervention foods to their diet, which can cause higher overall food consumption and offset any benefit from whole-grain foods.
Limit Your Caffeine Intake
Does caffeine raise blood pressure? In many cases, yes, caffeine can lead to high diastolic blood pressure. According to the Mayo Clinic, caffeine can temporarily boost blood pressure by up to ten points within only 30 minutes of consumption. However, you dont need to cut out caffeine entirely to improve your health. Instead, we recommend limiting your caffeine intake to one mug a day.
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Reduce Your Sodium Intake And Include More Potassium In Your Diet
Too much of sodium or salt in your food can increase your blood pressure. Studies have shown that limiting your sodium intake to 1500 milligrams or less per day can reduce your diastolic blood pressure.
On the other hand, potassium is commonly known to counteract the effect that sodium has on your blood pressure. Therefore, it is important that you try to boost consumption of foods that are rich in potassium. This includes bananas, spinach, tomatoes and so on.
Angiotensin Ii Receptor Blockers
The muscles surrounding blood vessels have angiotensin II receptors on which angiotensin II binds, causing muscle contraction and narrowing of the vessels. The narrowing of blood vessels can cause diastolic hypertension, and angiotensin II receptor blockers block this action, preventing the binding. This enables the blood vessels to widen, leading to lower blood pressure.
These medications have a similar effect to ACE inhibitors but differ in how they work. While ARBs prevent the binding of angiotensin II to the receptors in muscles surrounding blood vessels, ACE inhibitors prevent the formation of angiotensin II.
Below are examples of ARBs to treat high diastolic blood pressure:
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Checking Blood Pressure At Home
Keeping track of blood pressure at home is important for many people, especially if you have high blood pressure. This helps you and your doctor find out if your treatment is working.
Your doctor may also suggest that you check your pressure at home if they think you may have “white coat hypertension.” It’s a real condition. The stress of being in a doctor’s office raises your blood pressure, but when you’re home, it’s normal.
Ask your doctor to recommend an easy-to-use home blood pressure monitor. Make sure the cuff fits properly. If your arm is too big for the cuff, the reading may be higher than your blood pressure really is. Ask your doctor for a larger cuff or make sure you buy a home monitor with a cuff that fits you.
You also can use a wrist blood pressure monitor, but they often aren’t as accurate. Follow the directions that come with the device to make sure you are using it correctly.
No matter which type of blood pressure monitor you have, it’s a good idea to take it to your doctor’s office. You can compare its reading to the numbers your doctor gets. Avoid caffeine, cigarettes, and exercise for at least 30 minutes before the test.
When you take your blood pressure at home, sit up straight in a chair and put both feet on the floor. Ask your doctor or nurse to show you the right way to position your arm so you get accurate readings.
Study On Diastolic Blood Pressure Could Change How Doctors Treat Some Patients With Hypertension
Intensive lowering of diastolic blood pressurethe bottom reading in blood pressure measurements does not appear to be linked to an increased risk of heart attacks and other adverse cardiovascular outcomes, according to a large new study. The findings could change how physicians interpret this reading and how some patients with hypertension are treated in the future, researchers suggest.
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Limit Saturated And Trans Fats
The AHA recommend that people limit their daily intake of saturated fats. According to the AHA, saturated fats should make up no more than of a 2000 calorie-per-day diet.
The also recommend avoiding trans fats, which can increase bad cholesterol levels while decreasing good cholesterol levels. Like high blood pressure, trans fats increase a persons chances of developing heart disease and stroke.
How To Lower Blood Pressure At The Doctors Office By Tomorrow
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When To See A Doctor
A blood pressure reading is typically taken as a normal part of a doctors visit. Many people find out they have hypertension in this setting. If you have hypertension, your doctor will work with you to develop a treatment plan thats optimal for you.
There are also many types of blood pressure monitors available for purchase so you can take your blood pressure at home. If you choose to do this, bring your monitor to your next doctors appointment so they can show you how to properly use it to obtain accurate readings.
A single high blood pressure reading at home shouldnt be a cause for concern. Be sure to log the reading and continue taking your blood pressure on your normal schedule. If you continue to receive high readings, make an appointment with your doctor.
Heart Tissue Damage And Heart Disease
Researchers have found a link between low diastolic blood pressure and heart damage.A 2016 study that lasted more than 3 decades and involved more than 11,000 people found that a diastolic blood pressure below 60 mm Hg is dangerous.People with this level are 50 percent more likely to have heart damage. This is compared with those who have a low diastolic pressure level between 80 and 89 mm Hg.Heart disease is another concern. The same study found that those with low diastolic blood pressure were 49 percent more likely to develop heart disease.
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Monitor Your Blood Pressure Regularly
You should check your blood pressure routinely, record the readings daily over a period and give them to your doctor. Checking blood pressure yourself is now easy, thanks to modern technology. In fact, electronic blood pressure machines are widely available at many pharmacies, and its super easy to use them.
Boost Your Potassium Intake
If youre dealing with hypertension and wondering how to reduce diastolic blood pressure, we recommend consuming more potassium-rich foods such as bananas and avocados. Potassium helps your body eliminate sodium and can also alleviate the tension inside the blood vessel walls.
If youre not a fan of bananas, you can also try spinach and potatoes. However, before you move forward with increasing your potassium intake, talk to your doctor. Patients with conditions such as kidney illness may experience adverse effects due to high potassium levels.
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Why Is Diastolic Blood Pressure Important
A 2019 study published in the New England Journal of Medicine reviewed 36 million blood pressure readings from 1.3 million adults in Northern California, taken between 2007 and 2016. Dr Alexander Flint, who led the study, said: Although systolic does count for a little bit more in terms of the risk of heart attack and stroke, diastolic high blood pressure is a close second, and its an independent predictor of those risks.
If you have an elevated diastolic blood pressure but a normal systolic reading then, like fewer than 20% of hypertension cases, you have isolated diastolic hypertension . Like other types of high blood pressure, IDH can increase the risk of conditions including stroke, heart disease, heart attack, heart failure, aneurysm, vision loss, and kidney disease.
Take Blood Pressure Medications As Prescribed
The American Heart Association state that people should take their blood pressure medications according to their doctors exact instructions. People should never quit or cut back on their medications unless their doctor has advised them to do so.
If a person has trouble remembering to take their blood pressure medications, they should set up daily reminders on their phone or other devices.
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How To Lower Diastolic Blood Pressure Naturally
Blood pressure is recorded as two numbers â the systolic over the diastolic. In many people with high blood pressure, or hypertension, both numbers are elevated.
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But sometimes only the systolic or diastolic is elevated, and these abnormalities can also pose health risks. Lifestyle interventions can reduce blood pressure readings, and high diastolic readings, or diastolic hypertension, can be improved by many of the same lifestyle therapies that reduce the systolic pressure.
Reduce Stress And Get Enough Sleep And Rest
When you live a stressful life, there is a higher chance of developing high blood pressure. In this age and time, it is important that you should prioritise your mental health as much as your physical health. Avoid things and situations that trigger you and stress you out.
Get enough sleep and rest of a minimum 8 or 9 hours every day at all times. And try activities such as meditating or breathing control exercises to ease your mind and soul. Cultivating these habits in your daily routine will improve your mental health and lower your blood pressure as well.
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Water Pills Or Diuretics
Diuretics or water pills treat diastolic hypertension by helping the body eliminate sodium and water from the blood, reducing the amount of fluid running through the blood vessels, and consequently decreasing the pressure on them. These medications are put in different categories depending on their specific way of working, including:
They inhibit the Na+/K+/2Cl- transporter protein found in the lining of the ascending loop of Henle. This action prevents the reabsorption of salt, thus increasing diuresis.
These medications inhibit salt and water reabsorption by increasing the osmolarity or osmotic concentration of the blood and renal filtrate.
These medications inhibit the reabsorption of sodium salts in the distal convoluted tubule in the kidney. They suppress the co-transporter of sodium salts, which means you will excrete more sodium and water in your urine.
These diuretic medications prevent salt and water retention by blocking the entry of the aldosterone into the cells of the collecting duct or by interfering with the sodium-potassium exchange. Unlike other diuretics, these medications do not lead to potassium loss from the body.
Examples of diuretic medications to treat high diastolic blood pressure include:
Isosorbide and mannitol