How Can I Prevent Kidney Disease Caused By High Blood Pressure
It can take many years for high blood pressure to damage your kidneys. You can take steps to control your blood pressure and prevent kidney disease. If you already have kidney disease, controlling your blood pressure can help prevent more damage to your kidneys.
To prevent kidney disease or keep kidney damage from getting worse, you can:
- Control your blood pressure
- Stay at a healthy weight
- Be active most days of the week
Control your blood pressure
Your doctor may ask you to check your blood pressure at home with a digital blood pressure monitor. Many pharmacies and grocery stores have in-store monitors that you can use for free. You can also get a monitor from your local drug store, hospital, clinic or online. Your doctor can help you find a monitor that is right for you and can show you how to use it.
When you check your blood pressure, your result will be two numbers. Both numbers are important:
- The first number is your systolic pressure. This is the pressure in your arteries and veins when your heart is beating and the pressure is at its highest.
- The second number is your diastolic pressure. This is the pressure in your arteries and veins when your heart is between beats and the pressure is at its lowest.
For most people a normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg . This means that your systolic pressure should be 120 mm Hg or less and your diastolic pressure should be 80 mm Hg or less. If either number is too high, your blood pressure is high.
What Groups Are At Risk For Kidney Failure Related To High Blood Pressure
All racial groups have some risk of developing kidney failure from high blood pressure. African Americans, however, are more likely than Caucasions to have high blood pressure and to develop kidney problems from iteven when their blood pressure is only mildly elevated. In fact, African Americans are six times more likely than Caucasions to develop hypertension-related kidney failure. People with diabetes also have a substantially increased risk for developing kidney failure. People who are at risk both because of their race and because of diabetes should have early management of high blood pressure. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases , also part of NIH, sponsored the African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension to find effective ways to prevent high blood pressure and kidney failure in this population. The results, released in 2003, showed that an ACE inhibitor was better at slowing the progression of kidney disease in African Americans than either of two other drugs.
Coronavirus Kidney Damage: A Serious Sign
Organ systems like the heart, lungs, liver and kidneys rely on and support one anothers functions, so when the new coronavirus causes damage in one area, others might be at risk. The kidneys essential functions have an impact on the heart, lungs and other systems. That may be why doctors note that kidney damage arising in patients with COVID-19 is a possible warning sign of a serious, even fatal course of the disease.
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What Should I Avoid Eating If I Have High Blood Pressure Or Kidney Disease
If you have kidney disease, avoid foods and beverages that are high in sodium.
Additional steps you can take to meet your blood pressure goals may include eating heart-healthy and low-sodium meals, quitting smoking, being active, getting enough sleep, and taking your medicines as prescribed. You should also limit alcoholic drinksno more than two per day for men and one per day for womenbecause consuming too many alcoholic beverages raises blood pressure.
In addition, a health care professional may recommend that you eat moderate or reduced amounts of protein.
Proteins break down into waste products that the kidneys filter from the blood. Eating more protein than your body needs may burden your kidneys and cause kidney function to decline faster. However, eating too little protein may lead to malnutrition, a condition that occurs when the body does not get enough nutrients.
If you have kidney disease and are on a restricted protein diet, a health care professional will use blood tests to monitor your nutrient levels.
How Can I Prevent Or Slow The Progression Of Kidney Disease From High Blood Pressure
The best way to slow or prevent kidney disease from high blood pressure is to take steps to lower your blood pressure. These steps include a combination of medicines and lifestyle changes, such as
- being physically active
- managing stress
- following a healthy diet, including less sodium intake
No matter what the cause of your kidney disease, high blood pressure can make your kidneys worse. If you have kidney disease, you should talk with your health care professional about your individual blood pressure goals and how often you should have your blood pressure checked.
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Key Risk Factors For High Blood Pressure:
Family history: Having one or more family members with high blood pressure increases your risk profile.
Smoking: Using tobacco raises your blood pressure. Chemicals in smoke can also damage the lining of your arteries, causing them to narrow and increase blood pressure.
Being overweight or obese: The more you weigh, the greater likelihood of getting high blood pressure.
Physical inactivity: People who are inactive tend to have higher heart rates, which makes the heart work harder and increases blood pressure.
Salt: Too much salt can cause your body to retain fluid, which increases your blood pressure.
Race: High blood pressure is particularly common among African-Americans, and often develops at an earlier age.
Chronic conditions: Certain chronic problems such as high cholesterol, diabetes, kidney disease and sleep apnea can increase the risk of high blood pressure.
Is Surgery Necessary To Treat Renal Hypertension
If the condition does not improve with medication and/or angioplasty, or the narrowing recurs or cannot be stented for any reason, renal bypass surgery may be an option. By taking a vein or synthetic tube to connect your kidney to your aorta, the surgeon creates an alternate route, or bypass, for blood to flow around the blocked artery into your kidney. This procedure is complex and high risk and rarely used.
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How Can Blood Pressure Be Controlled
The NHLBI recommends five lifestyle changes that help control blood pressure. People with prehypertension or high blood pressure should
- Weight: maintain their weight at a level close to normal
- Diet: eat fresh fruits and vegetables, grains, and low-fat dairy foods.
- Sodium: limit their daily salt, or sodium, intake to 2,000 milligrams. They should limit frozen foods and trips to fast food restaurants. They should read nutrition labels on packaged foods to learn how much sodium is in one serving. Keeping a sodium diary can help monitor sodium intake.
- Exercise: get plenty of exercise-at least 30 minutes of moderate activity, such as walking, cycling, or swimming, most days of the week.
- Alcohol: avoid consuming too much alcohol. Men should have no more than two drinks-two 12-ounce servings of beer or two 5-ounce servings of wine or two 1.5-ounce servings of hard liquor-a day. Women should have no more than a single serving a day because differences in the way foods are broken down in the body make women more sensitive to the effects of alcohol.
Are There Any Symptoms Of Elevated Blood Pressure From Kidney Disease
Elevated blood pressure is difficult to notice because it has basically no symptoms. The only way to know your blood pressure is high is by using monitoring equipment to provide you with detailed blood pressure numbers.
Even though high blood pressure has virtually no symptoms, there are a few common symptoms that may be linked to it. Those symptoms include:
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Can Neuropathic Pain Cause High Blood Pressure
Swelling in hands and feet, back pain. failure can develop suddenly or due to long-term damage. There are many possible.
Swelling in hands and feet, back pain.
failure can develop suddenly or due to long-term damage. There are many possible causes of kidney failure, including diabetes, high blood pressure.
Dubbed “suicide disease” for the pain it causes, trigeminal neuralgia.
The procedure would relieve the pressure placed on her trigeminal nerve from blood vessels that are touching the nerve.
Optic nerve damage is irreversible, and glaucoma can eventually.
the Causes and Symptoms of Each Acute angle-closure glaucoma causes a sudden and extremely high increase in eye pressure.
The relationship between pain and hypertension is potentially of great pathophysiological and clinical interest, but is poorly understood. The perception of acute pain initially plays an adaptive role, which results in the prevention of tissue damage. The consequence of ascending nociception is the.
How Serious Can Neuropathy Get Excess of vitamin B 6 can lead to a sensory neuropathy or neuronopathy, which most obviously occurs with megadoses of
It is vital to supply blood to every part of the body to function properly. People who have blood deficiency may face fatigue, tiredness, muscles weakness, dizziness, headache, body pain, and much.
Other chronic diseases that may cause nerve damage include.
neuropathic pain was reduced by 38% to 67%, while sensation loss (numbness.
What Are The Symptoms
High blood pressure doesnât usually cause symptoms. Most people donât know they have it until they go to the doctor for some other reason.
Very high blood pressure can cause severe headaches and vision problems. These symptoms can also be caused by dangerously high blood pressure called malignant high blood pressure. It may also be called a hypertensive crisis or hypertensive emergency. Malignant high blood pressure is a medical emergency.
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My Own Uneducated View
Being no devotee of evidence based medicine as presently practiced, I simply propose we ignore their niggling preposterous suggestion, and always go for below 120 and below 80. If our patients experience lightheadedness, we know to back off. We know to move slowly toward our goal. And we know that it makes no sense to offer the lesser quality outcomes from a higher goal blood pressure, waiting for some long off trial to prove it is lesser, while our patients lose the benefits of an obvious better choice obvious to these experts who nevertheless cannot say so until they have hard evidence.
Remember, that hard evidence must be more cardiovascular events in the over 120/80 group than in the under 120/80 group. Is this an ethical stance?
How Can I Prevent High Blood Pressure From Damaging My Kidneys
If you have kidney damage, you should keep your blood pressure below 130/80. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute , one of the National Institutes of Health , recommends that people with kidney disease use whatever therapy is necessary, including lifestyle changes and medicines, to keep their blood pressure below 130/80.
How can I control my blood pressure?
NHLBI has found that five lifestyle changes can help control blood pressure:
Get Treatment For Low Blood Pressure Before Problems Start
Since blood pressure can fluctuate from day to day, most doctors wont recommend treatment right away for low readings. They often will take a wait and see approach in the hopes the blood pressure will naturally increase on its own.
If your blood pressure doesnt increase naturally or your doctor believes a more serious problem, such as heart failure, could be causing the dramatic decrease, treatment may be recommended. The type of treatment that will be recommended will depend upon what is causing your blood pressure to decrease to dangerous levels.
To help doctors determine what may be causing your lower blood pressure, medical testing may be ordered. Some of the medical tests that may be ordered to determine the cause of your decrease in blood pressure include:
- CBC or a complete blood count
- Blood and urine cultures looking for problems such as UTIs or diabetes
- Cortisol levels
How High Blood Pressure Can Damage Your Kidneys
Your heart, the key organ of the circulatory system, constantly pumps blood through your blood vessels. Good blood flow is essential for normal kidney function, and even minor blood flow problems can affect kidney function and increase your risk of serious health problems.
Although a certain amount of force is needed to push blood through the blood vessels, the pressure inside the vessels sometimes becomes too high. High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels that lead to the kidneys, causing them to stiffen or narrow.
As a result, less blood reaches your kidneys, making it difficult for the organs to function properly. Tiny blood vessels inside the kidneys that filter blood may also be damaged.
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How Is High Blood Pressure Treated
If being more active, eating healthier, and other lifestyle changes are not enough to control your blood pressure, your doctor may tell you to take a blood pressure medicine. There are many types of blood pressure medicines and you may need to take more than one treat your high blood pressure.
There are two types of blood pressure medicines that can also help protect your kidneys and slow down kidney disease:
- ACE inhibitor: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
- ARB: angiotensin II receptor blocker
Your doctor might also ask you to take a diuretic, also called a water pill. This helps your body get rid of extra fluid, which can cause high blood pressure.
Be sure to take any medicine the way your doctor tells you to. Blood pressure medicines work best when you take them every day, even if you feel fine. If you have any side effects from your medicines, talk to your doctor. You may be able to take a different medicine that does not have those side effects.
If you have trouble remembering to take your medicines, try to:
- Set an alarm to remind yourself
- Use a pill box to keep your medicines organized
- Take your medicines at the same time every day as part of your normal routine, such as when you brush your teeth or eat a meal
Why Are So Many Users Dissatisfied About Accuracy
How can CR find uniform accuracy and users not?
CR buys units at retail outlets.
Here is their measurement protocol: Accuracy is based on how the models readings compared with those taken on a mercury sphygmomanometer used by two trained testers.
The users had comparisons made at their physicians offices. Possibly, the users encountered less able comparisons in those offices than those made in the CR labs ie, the physician office testing is problematic. Possibly, units vary. Possibly, cuff placement makes a big difference, but in a physician office this is presumably supervised by a nurse. Possibly, most users are happy, comparisons at physician offices are fine, and they do not bother to write in.
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What Symptoms Or Signs Are Seen With Renal Hypertension
Although renal hypertension is hard to diagnose and usually has no symptoms, be aware of these signs:
- High blood pressure that is not controlled on three or more medications at their maximum doses, including a diuretic.
- High blood pressure at a young age.
- Stable high blood pressure that suddenly gets worse or is difficult to control.
- Kidneys that are not working well, which may occur suddenly.
- Narrowing of other arteries in the body, such as to the legs, the brain, the eyes and elsewhere.
- Sudden buildup of fluid inside the lungs, called pulmonary edema.
How Is Renal Hypertension Diagnosed
It is important to see your healthcare provider regularly to make sure your blood pressure numbers are checked and are within the normal range. He or she may recommend blood tests.
A healthcare provider can gather clues that vascular disease may be present by taking a thorough history and performing a physical exam. If you have a history of other vascular diseases, such as heart attacks or strokes, you are at higher risk for having renal artery stenosis. One exam, listening to the neck or belly with a stethoscope, may help identify narrowed arteries. When blood flows through a narrowed artery, it sometimes makes a whooshing sound, called a bruit.
Healthcare providers may order one of the imaging tests below to look for narrowed kidney arteries. However, finding a narrowed kidney artery alone does not mean that your high blood pressure is due to renal hypertension. Many people have narrowing of kidney arteries without high blood pressure or with high blood pressure that is not caused by the narrowing . The healthcare provider will need to use other clinical clues to help determine if the two are connected.
Imaging tests that can be done to see if the kidneys arteries have narrowed include:
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How High Blood Pressure Causes Kidney Damage
High blood pressure doesnt just increase your risk of heart attack, heart failure, and stroke. It can also damage your kidneys.
This limits their ability to filter waste and toxins, as well as balance the amount of fluids, hormones, sodium, and other minerals in your blood. Your heart and kidneys work together, which is why your blood pressure can affect both.