Tips To Help You Self
Currently, theres no cure for pulmonary hypertension, but there are ways that you can reduce your symptoms and manage the disease to improve your quality of life. Weve compiled a list of nine ways to self-manage your pulmonary hypertension based on information from the Mayo Clinic:
1. RestAs with any chronic disease, pulmonary hypertension can cause severe fatigue. Ensuring that you get plenty of rest and dont overdo things will help in this area. Make sure you get enough sleep at night and if you feel tired during the day, take a nap if you can.
2. ExerciseMild to moderate exercise is essential to maintaining overall health. The severity of your pulmonary hypertension will dictate how much exercise you can do, but walking, swimming, cycling and yoga are all good exercises that will benefit you. However, you should avoid any exercise that uses heavy weights or prolonged straining as this can increase blood pressure.
3. Dont SmokeSmoking is bad for you, period. Smoking when you have a chronic lung disease, such as pulmonary hypertension is doing more damage to your heart and lungs. Speak to your doctor about ways to help you quit. Even if you dont smoke, you will need to avoid being around other people who do.
Pulmonary Hypertension: Prognosis And Life Expectancy
What is pulmonary hypertension?
Pulmonary hypertension is a serious health condition that results when the arteries carrying blood from the right side of the heart to the lungs are constricted, disrupting blood flow. Blood must travel through the lungs for air exchange in order to pick up oxygen that it delivers to all the organs, muscles, and tissue in the body.
When the arteries between the heart and lungs become narrowed and flow is constricted, the heart has to work extra hard to pump blood to the lungs. Over time, the heart can grow weak and proper circulation can diminish throughout the body.
There are five types, or groups, of PH:
Things We Now Know About Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
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igh blood pressure, otherwise known as hypertension, is so commonabout one in three American adults has itthat you likely know someone with the condition. You might even have it yourself.
Pulmonary arterial hypertension, on the other hand, is much more rareand can be potentially much more deadly.
When someone is diagnosed with regular hypertension, it means that the force of blood pushing against the sides of the arteries is too strong, which raises the risk of heart attack and stroke.
Pulmonary hypertension is a form of high blood pressure that occurs in the lungs. It can be triggered by a variety of factors, including sleep apnea and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, as it’s commonly called. Pulmonary arterial hypertension is one type of pulmonary hypertension, which occurs when the walls of the arteries leading from the right side of the heart to the lungs narrow and tighten. As a result, pressure in the lungs rises, leading to symptoms like fatigue and shortness of breath.
Whether you’re among that group or you’re just curious to understand more about the often deadly condition, here’s a primer on the facts about PAH.
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Classification Of Primary And Secondary Pulmonary Hypertension
The conventional classification, primary and secondary pulmonary hypertension, which also is called pulmonary arterial hypertension, has been reclassified and is now based on the main underlying cause, characteristics, and treatments of pulmonary hypertension. These terms were updated in 2013. This system classifies the condition based on five classes.
Class 1 includes:
Pulmonary arterial hypertension including idiopathic previously referred to as primary pulmonary arterial hypertension), inherited pulmonary arterial hypertension, drug-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension
Pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with the following:
Specific Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Subsets
Some conditions included in the group 1PAH, although presenting similarities with IPAH, bear sufficient differences to require specific comments. These conditions comprise paediatric PAH and APAH forms such as CHD, CTD, portal hypertension, and HIV infection. Recognition of these differences is critical because they may influence not only the diagnostic approach but also the global management of PAH.
7.4.1 Paediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension
Paediatric PH is similar to adult disease even if the lungs are still developing in a growing child. The worse prognosis in children with a median survival estimated at 10 months compared with 2.8 years in the adult has not been confirmed. The exact incidence and prevalence of PH in children is not known. All forms of PH included in the clinical classification have been described in children, but the majority of patients present with PH associated with CHD or idiopathic/heritable forms. In contrast, the prevalence of PH associated with CTD, portal hypertension, HIV infection, and drugs and toxins is lower. Patients with chronic lung disease of prematurity are a growing population. Persistent PH of the neonate is also classified under PAH. Its natural history, treatment, and outcome are sufficiently different to justify its exclusion from this discussion.
No clear differences have been identified among the mechanisms involved in the development of PAH in children and adults.
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Signs And Symptoms Of Pulmonary Hypertension
Symptoms of pulmonary hypertension are often similar to other less severe childhood conditions. Because they are so common, the evaluation for childhood pulmonary hypertension is often delayed by several months.
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath with activity
- Fainting, especially with activity as in running up the stairs
- Swelling and/or discoloration in the lower legs or ankles
- Chest pain
- A bluish discoloration of the lips
Although PH is rare in children, it is being diagnosed more frequently. Since 1995, our program has evaluated and treated more than 1,800 children and adolescents with signs or symptoms of pulmonary hypertension.
Testing And Diagnosis Of Pulmonary Hypertension
Our involvement starts at the first phone call or Hospital visit, when we evaluate the history and symptoms to determine how urgently your child needs to be seen or treated. During your child’s evaluation for PH:
Because PH is a rare and complex disease and is difficult to diagnose, your child’s treatment team should have special expertise in the disease. At Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, we provide in-hospital treatment to more than 20 children with PH every day, so PH is understood by every member of your CHOP team, from the emergency room to the intensive care.
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Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension
The pathology, pathophysiology, and epidemiology of this condition have been discussed above. CTEPH is one of the most prevalent forms of PH. Nevertheless, it is almost impossible to determine the overall prevalence of CTEPH since not all of these patients have a history of acute pulmonary embolism. While acute pulmonary embolism may be clinically silent, there is accumulating evidence that CTEPH may also develop in the absence of previous pulmonary embolism. In these cases, the disease is probably initiated by thrombotic or inflammatory lesions in the pulmonary vasculature. Once vessel obliteration is sufficient to cause increases in the PAP, a process of pulmonary vascular remodelling is started which self-perpetuates the progression of PH, even in the absence of further thromboembolic events. Certain conditions are associated with an increased risk of CTEPH, including previous splenectomy, the presence of a ventriculo-atrial shunt for the treatment of hydrocephalus, myeloproliferative disorders, and chronic inflammatory bowel diseases. The mechanisms linking these conditions to CTEPH have not been fully explored, but chronic inflammation or chronic bloodstream infection may play a critical role.
Should I Worry About Mild Pulmonary Hypertension
You should not worry too much about mild pulmonary arterial hypertension but you should consider changing your diet and taking a plant supplement to stay ahead of the disease.
If you are diagnosed with mild PAH, you should also monitor your symptoms, and if you notice your condition worsening, see a doctor immediately.
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Keep Names And Numbers Handy
Always carry the contact information for your health care team with you. Depending on where you’re going, your doctor may be able to give you the name of a local PAH specialist, in case you need one.
âEmergency rooms are great and can handle a lot of conditions very well, but with pulmonary hypertension, it can get tricky. So itâs a good idea to have the name of a local expert if one is available,â Kalra says.
Causes And Symptoms Of Secondary Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension can be idiopathic as well as have other secondary causes including autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and SLE, connective tissue diseases , liver diseases, congenital heart diseases , sickle cell anemia, HIV infection and schistosomiasis . It can also be caused due to diet pills and recreational drugs too. It can also be caused by various lung conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , emphysema, pulmonary fibrosis and sleep apnea. In addition, it can be caused by clotting disorders such as pulmonary emboli. Heart failure, mitral valve disease and chronic systemic elevated blood pressure also lead to pulmonary hypertension. In addition, causes of pulmonary hypertension include polycythemia vera, thrombocythemia, thyroid diseases, glycogen storage disease, sarcoidosis, vasculitis, kidney diseases and tumors. Pulmonary hypertension is more common in females of 30 to 40 years of age.
The common symptoms of pulmonary hypertension include fatigue, difficulty breathing, dizziness, rapid breathing, exertional shortness of breath , chest pain, anxiety, lower extremity swelling, tachycardia, distention of jugular vein, ascites , clubbing of fingers and in severe cases it can also lead to heart failure.
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Symptoms Of Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension may not cause any symptoms at first. Often, shortness of breath or lightheadedness during activity is the first symptom. As the disease gets worse, symptoms can include the following:
- Increased shortness of breath, with or without activity
- Pain in the upper right side of the abdomen
- Swelling of the ankles, legs and abdomen
- Bluish tint or shading to your skin or lips
Symptoms of pulmonary hypertension usually limit a persons ability to exercise and do other activities.
Outlook For Pulmonary Hypertension
Although there is no cure for PH, our treatments have become very sophisticated. Also, the earlier the condition is diagnosed and treated, the better we’re able to control it. At CHOP, we have been very successful in providing children with a good quality of life.
Some children with pulmonary hypertension eventually require lung or heart-lung transplantation, but we first use aggressive medical treatments that may improve your child’s health and quality of life. Our transplant team has an extensive experience with children with PH, and CHOPs Pulmonary Hypertension Program is well integrated into both pre- and post-operative transplantation care.
In addition to providing the finest clinical care, we are actively engaged in research and advocacy to advance the understanding and treatment of pediatric PH. We are a founding institution of the Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension Network, we participate in multi-centered research trials, and we lecture on pediatric PH both nationally and internationally. We pride ourselves in the partnership with families and children that ensures the best outcomes for all children with PH.
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Treatments For Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
There are many treatments for pulmonary arterial hypertension . Which treatment or combination of treatments you’ll be offered will depend on a number of factors, including what’s causing PAH and the severity of your symptoms.
- anticoagulant medicines such as warfarin to help prevent blood clots
- diuretics to remove excess fluid from the body caused by heart failure
- oxygen treatment this involves inhaling air that contains a higher concentration of oxygen than normal
- digoxin this can improve your symptoms by strengthening your heart muscle contractions and slowing down your heart rate
There are also a number of specialist treatments for PAH that help relax the arteries in the lungs and reduce the blood pressure in the lungs.
These medicines slow the progression of PAH, and may even reverse some of the damage to the heart and lungs.
Other treatments that are sometimes used are:
- endothelin receptor antagonists such as bosentan, ambrisentan and macitentan
- phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors sildenafil and tadalafil
- prostaglandins epoprostenol, iloprost and treprostinil
- soluble guanylate cyclase stimulators such as riociguat
- calcium channel blockers nifedipine, diltiazem, nicardipine and amlodipine
You can find detailed information about these treatments for pulmonary hypertension on the Pulmonary Hypertension Association UK website.
Reverse Pulmonary Hypertension Naturally With Persimonal
The addition of the Persimonal Natural Heart Health Supplement to your daily diet has been clinically proven to show great results as a treatment for pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Though there is no cure for PAH, treatment with Persimonal combined with a diet high in iron, vitamin C, and a consistent level of vitamin K, can help slow the progression of the disease and relieve symptoms.
The Persimonal Health Supplement not only is effective in treating PAH, it also contains numerous other health benefits.
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Is Pah The Same As Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension is different from the term Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension . PAH is a chronic and sporadic form of disease and a group of pulmonary hypertension . Precisely, it is referred as group I according to WHO. It is the disease of arteries of the lungs and may cause alteration in the function of right heart.
The Exact Cause Of Pah Is Unknown But Physiological Changes Are Key To Its Development And Progression
PAH is diagnosed when mean, or average, blood pressure leaving the arteries on the right side of the heart is measured at 25 mmHg or higher. No one knows exactly what kicks off the chain of events that sets PAH in motion, but experts do know a lot about how it progresses.
“It starts with constriction of these vessels and leads to remodeling of the vessel wall,” says Alessandro Maresta, M.D.Alessandro Maresta, M.D.,Vice President and Head of Global Medical Affairs, Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Vice President and Head of Global Medical Affairs for Actelion Pharmaceuticals, a Swiss biotech company that Johnson & Johnson acquired in June of this year. “As the walls of the blood vessels thicken, the lumenthe space where blood flows throughgets smaller, and the pressure goes up. As the disease progresses, pressure continues to rise, but the right ventricle of the heart is not designed to pump blood against such high pressure.”
As the condition worsens, “patients tend to become very tired and short of breath,” says Nazzareno Galié, M.D., professor of cardiology and Director of the Specialization School of Cardiology, University of Bologna, Italy. “Some people might notice heart palpitations or feel chest pressure, especially when exercising.”
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Estrogen Treatment May Help Reverse Severe Pulmonary Hypertension
- University of California – Los Angeles Health Sciences
- Researchers have found that the hormone estrogen may help reverse advanced pulmonary hypertension, a rare and serious condition that affects 2 to 3 million individuals in the US, mostly women, and can lead to heart failure. The preclinical study shows that in rats, estrogen treatment can reverse the progression of pulmonary hypertension to heart failure and can restore lung and ventricle structure and function.
UCLA researchers have found that the hormone estrogen may help reverse advanced pulmonary hypertension, a rare and serious condition that affects 2 to 3 million individuals in the U.S., mostly women, and can lead to heart failure.
The condition causes a progressive increase in blood pressure in the main pulmonary artery, which originates in the heart’s right ventricle and delivers blood to the lungs. The rise in pressure impairs heart function by enlarging the right ventricle, potentially leading to heart failure.
Published in the Sept. 15 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, the preclinical study shows that in rats, estrogen treatment can reverse the progression of pulmonary hypertension to heart failure and can restore lung and ventricle structure and function.
All rats with severe pulmonary hypertension that were treated with estrogen survived by the study’s end. Only 25 percent of the untreated rats survived.
Pulmonary Hypertension Due To Lung Diseases And/or Hypoxia
The pathology, pathophysiology, and epidemiology of these conditions have been discussed previously. In COPD, the presence of PH is associated with shorter survival and frequent episodes of exacerbation. PH is a poor prognostic factor in interstitial lung diseases and PAP is the most important predictor of mortality.
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What Is The Main Cause Of Pulmonary Hypertension
Some common underlying causes of pulmonary hypertension include high blood pressure in the lungs arteries due to some types of congenital heart disease, connective tissue disease, coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, liver disease , blood clots to the lungs, and chronic lung diseases like emphysema
Pulmonary Hypertension Definition And Facts
- Pulmonary hypertension is abnormally elevated pressure in the pulmonary circulation.
- The classification of primary and secondary pulmonary hypertension has been reclassified, and now is based on the main underlying disease or condition, symptoms, and treatment options for pulmonary hypertension. There are five classes or groups in this new classification system.
- Pulmonary hypertension can have no identifiable cause and is then referred to as idiopathic pulmonary hypertension .
Pulmonary hypertension occurs when the pressure in the pulmonary arteries increases abnormally. To help explain this condition further, here is how the pulmonary arteries work.
What are pulmonary arteries?
The human body has two major sets of blood vessels that distribute blood from the heart to the body. One set pumps blood from the right heart to the lungs, and the other from the left heart to the rest of the body . When a doctor or a nurse measures the blood pressure on a person’s arm, he/she is measuring the pressures in the systemic circulation. When these pressures are abnormally high, the person is diagnosed as having high blood pressure .
The portion of the circulation that distributes the blood from the right side of the heart to the lungs and back to the left side of the heart is referred to as the pulmonary circulation.
What are normal pulmonary artery pressure ranges?