When Should You See A Doctor
Early high blood pressure detection is essential. This silent killer often shows no warning signs and therefore puts people at a higher risk of conditions such as:
Over 360,000 high-blood-pressure deaths occurred in 2016 in the US, whether hypertension was a contributing cause or the main cause.¹²
The only way to identify if you have high blood pressure is to measure it. You can visit your healthcare provider for regular blood pressure monitoring, or you can purchase a sphygmomanometer to measure your blood pressure at home.
If you’re at risk of high blood pressure, you need to schedule routine healthcare visits to monitor your blood pressure. You should also see your healthcare provider if you have high blood pressure and your efforts to reduce your blood pressure have been ineffective.
Diastolic Blood Pressure: How Low Is Too Low
- May 17, 2015
Blood pressure consists of two numbers. Systolic pressure, the force exerted on blood vessels when the heart beats, is the upper number. Diastolic pressure, the force exerted when the heart is at rest, is on the bottom in more ways than one. Systolic pressure attracts the lions share of attention from physicians and patients, says UAB cardiologist Jason Guichard, M.D., Ph.D.
Physicians are busy people, and like it or not they often focus on a single number, Guichard said. Systolic blood pressure is the focus, and diastolic pressure is almost completely ignored. That is a mistake, he argues. The majority of your arteries feed your organs during systole. But your coronary arteries are different they are surrounding the aortic valve, so they get blood only when the aortic valve closes and that happens in diastole.
Diastolic pressure has been getting more attention lately, however, thanks in part to an influential paper in Hypertension, written in 2011 by Guichard and Ali Ahmed, M.D., then a professor of medicine in UABs Division of Gerontology, Geriatrics and Palliative Care and now the associate chief of staff for Health and Aging at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Washington, D.C.
Most people are trying to lower their blood pressure. What would you define as too low, and why is that a problem?
How To Control High Bp Through Diet And Exercise 5 Tips To Bring It Down Naturally
Are you overweight, eat a diet loaded with salt and rarely go for any physical activity? Then, you may be at major risk of developing high diastolic blood pressure.
Blood pressure is marked by two measurements: the systolic and diastolic measurements, represented by the top and bottom number received when measuring blood pressure.
The diastolic blood pressure is recorded when the heart is at rest and relaxed. High diastolic blood pressure is a sign that your blood vessels have become less elastic, and have hardened.
Raised blood pressure is the biggest single contributing risk factor for death and the burden of disease worldwide. However, data suggests that fewer than half of those with hypertension are aware of their condition, says Dr Manoj Kutteri, wellness director at Atmantan Wellness Centre.
Dr Nihar Mehta, consultant cardiologist at Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, says that diastolic BP more common among younger people, as it is often associated with an unhealthy lifestyle.
Some of the symptoms of high diastolic blood pressure include dizziness, nose bleeding, excessive sweating, nausea, difficulty sleeping, and lethargy. But worryingly, in some people, there are often no signs of diastolic blood pressure. The best way to detect it is to regularly check ones blood pressure. Some signs to look out for are headaches, palpitations on exertion, visual disturbances and chest discomfort, says Dr Mehta.
Watch your waistline
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What Does It Mean If My Diastolic Blood Pressure Is High
When your diastolic blood pressure is over 90mm Hg, it’s often called diastolic hypertension. The diastolic pressure of an adult should typically be 6080mm Hg, and if the number goes above this, it’s considered hypertension.
However, if your blood pressure goes over 180/120mm Hg, this is dangerous, and you should seek medical attention immediately.
High diastolic blood pressure has been associated with a few conditions, including:
Abdominal aortic aneurysm
High diastolic blood pressure has been associated with a higher risk of conditions that involve the aorta that carries oxygen and blood from your heart to your chest and abdomen.
For instance, individuals with an elevated diastolic blood pressure reading were more susceptible to developing an abdominal aortic aneurysm. This is an abnormal enlargement of your aorta and can result in rupture and risk of death.
Several studies show that elevated diastolic blood pressure seems to be linked with memory deficits or cognitive impairment in individuals aged 45 or older. For every 10-point increase above 90mm Hg, it increases the risk of cognition issues by 7%.¹
While there isn’t an established causal relationship, treating or preventing high blood pressure may prevent cognitive impairment.
Stroke and brain issues
A diastolic blood pressure of 100mm Hg or above is linked with a substantial rate of strokes.¹ High blood pressure can lead to your arteries becoming blocked or bursting, causing a stroke.
Maintain A Healthy Weight
Having overweight or obesity increases strain on the heart muscle and can lead to a rise in blood pressure.
. If a persons BMI is too high, they should take steps to reduce their weight.
According to the , a loss of just 10 pounds in weight is enough to reduce blood pressure readings in people who have overweight.
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How To Lower Blood Pressure At The Doctors Office By Tomorrow
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Do I Have High Blood Pressure
Anyone can have high blood pressure. Some medical conditions, such as metabolic syndrome, kidney disease, and thyroid problems, can cause high blood pressure. Some people have a greater chance of having it because of things they can’t change. These are:
- Age. The chance of having high blood pressure increases as you get older, especially isolated systolic hypertension.
- Gender. Before age 55, men have a greater chance of having high blood pressure. Women are more likely to have high blood pressure after menopause.
- Family history. High blood pressure tends to run in some families.
- Race. African Americans are at increased risk for high blood pressure.
High blood pressure often has no signs or symptoms, but routine checks of your blood pressure will help detect increasing levels. If your blood pressure reading is high at two or more check-ups, the doctor may also ask you to measure your blood pressure at home.
There are important considerations for older adults in deciding whether to start treatment for high blood pressure if it is above 130/80, including other health conditions and overall fitness. Your doctor may work with you to find a blood pressure target that is best for your well-being and may suggest exercise, changes in your diet, and medications.
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Tips For Taking Blood Pressure Medication
Untreated high blood pressure can increase your risk of serious health problems. If your doctor prescribes medication to lower your blood pressure, remember:
- If you take blood pressure medication and your blood pressure goes down, it means medication and lifestyle changes are working. If another doctor asks if you have high blood pressure, the answer is, “Yes, but it is being treated.”
- Healthy lifestyle changes may help lower the dosage you need.
- Get up slowly from a seated or lying position and stand for a bit before walking. This lets your blood pressure adjust before walking to prevent lightheadedness and falls.
- Tell your doctor about all the drugs you take. Don’t forget to mention over-the-counter drugs, including vitamins and supplements. They may affect your blood pressure. They also can change how well your blood pressure medication works.
- Blood pressure medication should be taken at the same time each day as part of your daily routine. For example, take it in the morning with breakfast or in the evening before brushing your teeth. If you miss a dose, do not double the dose the next day.
- Remember to refill your medication before you run out and bring it with you when traveling. Its important to keep taking your medication unless your doctor tells you to stop.
- Before having surgery, ask your doctor if you should take your blood pressure medication on the day of your operation.
How To Lower Diastolic Blood Pressure Naturally
Blood pressure is recorded as two numbers â the systolic over the diastolic. In many people with high blood pressure, or hypertension, both numbers are elevated.
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But sometimes only the systolic or diastolic is elevated, and these abnormalities can also pose health risks. Lifestyle interventions can reduce blood pressure readings, and high diastolic readings, or diastolic hypertension, can be improved by many of the same lifestyle therapies that reduce the systolic pressure.
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Lowering Elevated Diastolic Blood Pressure Will Lessen Chance Of Developing Elevated Systolic Blood Pressure
Dear Mayo Clinic:
I have normal systolic blood pressure, but my diastolic goes between 82 and 96 during the work day and goes down to normal at night or when there is no stress. Should I be concerned or is this normal?
If you don’t have other health issues that increase your risk of cardiovascular problems, the situation you describe isolated diastolic hypertension isn’t dangerous now. But it’s not normal, either. People with elevated diastolic blood pressure often develop elevated systolic blood pressure over time. You can help prevent that by taking steps to lower your diastolic blood pressure to a normal level.
A blood pressure reading, given in millimeters of mercury , has two numbers. The first, or upper, number measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats . The second, or lower, number measures the pressure in the arteries between beats . Normal blood pressure is below 120/80 mm Hg.
Research regarding diastolic blood pressure has evolved considerably over the last several decades. During the 1970s and 1980s, many researchers and physicians believed the diastolic reading was the more important of the two blood pressure measurements. Now, we know they are both equally important.
To effectively address your situation, I encourage you to make an appointment with your doctor to assess your elevated diastolic blood pressure and, based on your health history and other medical issues, develop a plan to manage it appropriately.
Reduce Your Sodium Intake And Include More Potassium In Your Diet
Too much of sodium or salt in your food can increase your blood pressure. Studies have shown that limiting your sodium intake to 1500 milligrams or less per day can reduce your diastolic blood pressure.
On the other hand, potassium is commonly known to counteract the effect that sodium has on your blood pressure. Therefore, it is important that you try to boost consumption of foods that are rich in potassium. This includes bananas, spinach, tomatoes and so on.
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Causes Of High Diastolic Blood Pressure And What You Can Do To Lower It
Your blood pressure is a measure of the pressure of your blood pushing against your artery walls as your heart pumps it around your body. High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a condition where blood flows through your arteries at a pressure that is higher than usual. Normal blood pressure is less than 120/80mm Hg.¹
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Eat More Potassium And Less Sodium
Increasing your potassium intake and cutting back on salt can also lower your blood pressure .
Potassium is a double winner: It lessens the effects of salt in your system and eases tension in your blood vessels. However, diets rich in potassium may be harmful to people with kidney disease, so talk with your doctor before increasing your potassium intake.
Its easy to eat more potassium. So many foods are naturally high in potassium. Here are a few:
- other processed snacks
Foods labeled low fat are usually high in salt and sugar to compensate for the loss of fat. Fat is what gives food taste and makes you feel full.
Cutting down on or even better, cutting out processed food will help you eat less salt, less sugar, and fewer refined carbohydrates. All of this can result in lower blood pressure.
Make it a practice to check nutrition labels. According to the Food and Drug Administration , a sodium listing of 5 percent or less on a food label is considered low, while 20 percent or more is considered high (
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What To Eat To Lower Blood Pressure Right Away
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What Is Diastolic Hypertension
In a blood pressure reading, the number on top represents your systolic blood pressure, which is the force exerted by your heart when it contracts. The number on the bottom represents your diastolic blood pressure, which is the force exerted on your arteries when your heart relaxes and fills with blood.
Elevated systolic or diastolic pressure is called hypertension or high blood pressure. When only the diastolic pressure is elevated, the condition is called isolated diastolic hypertension. The condition may be a normal consequence of aging or seen in some diseases, such as diabetes mellitus.
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Causes Of Overall Low Blood Pressure
There are several common causes of overall hypotension, which would include a low diastolic number.
- Overtreatment of high blood pressure. For some people, especially people over age 60, lowering systolic blood pressure below 120 may cause diastolic pressure to fall below 60.
- Other medications. Many medications besides those for blood pressure can cause hypotension. They include:
- drugs used to treat erectile dysfunction
- Heart problems. Heart valve problems, heart failure, and a very slow heart rate can lead to hypotension.
- Dehydration. If you dont take in enough fluids, your blood pressure can fall dangerously low. This may happen if youre taking a diuretic and lose more fluids than you take in.
Treatment for low diastolic blood pressure largely depends on the type of hypotension. Your doctor will assess this closely to determine the appropriate treatment plan.
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