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What Is Lower Blood Pressure Number

What Can Cause A Short

How to Lower Diastolic Blood Pressure Without Medication

Things like exercise, stress, and sleeping can affect your blood pressure. Some medicines can cause a spike in blood pressure, including certain asthma medicines and cold remedies.

A low blood pressure reading can be caused by many things, including some medicines, a severe allergic reaction, or an infection. Another cause is dehydration, which is when your body loses too much fluid.

How Is Low Blood Pressure Diagnosed

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and take your blood pressure by placing a blood pressure cuff around your upper arm. The cuff will tighten on your arm, and the monitor will measure your systolic and diastolic pressure. A blood pressure reading of 90/60 mm Hg is considered low blood pressure.

Low blood pressure may be a sign of an underlying condition, so your doctor will try to determine what caused your blood pressure to drop. Depending on your medical history and symptoms, your doctor may also check your heart using an echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, or stress test. Your doctor may also perform blood tests to check for:

  • Hormonal imbalances.

Symptoms Of Low Blood Pressure

Most doctors will only consider chronically low blood pressure as dangerous if it causes noticeable signs and symptoms, such as:

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Fainting
  • Dehydration and unusual thirst
  • Dehydration can sometimes cause blood pressure to drop. However, dehydration does not always cause low blood pressure. Fever, vomiting, severe diarrhea, overuse of diuretics and strenuous exercise can all lead to dehydration, a potentially serious condition in which your body loses more water than you take in. Even mild dehydration can cause weakness, dizziness and fatigue.
  • Lack of concentration
  • Depression

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How Do You Get The Bottom Blood Pressure Number Down

  • How Do You Get the Bottom Blood Pressure Number Down? Center
  • When it comes to blood pressure readings, the bottom number is called the diastolic blood pressure. Diastolic blood pressure is the pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of your arteries when your heart is in a relaxed state.

    To get your diastolic blood pressure to go down, you cant target it alone. You will need to work on getting your overall blood pressure lower.

    Here are 13 lifestyle changes that can help you lower your blood pressure.

    What Can You Do To Help Relieve Symptoms Of Low Blood Pressure

    3 Reasons You Really Need to Know Your Blood Pressure ...

    Depending on the type of low blood pressure you have, you may be able to relieve some of your symptoms by:

    • Eating a healthy diet with fewer carbohydrates and smaller meals.
    • Drinking more water and avoiding alcohol.
    • Getting up slowly after youve been sitting or lying down.
    • Focusing on breathing a few times before you change position.
    • Wearing compression stockings.

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    Living With Low Blood Pressure

    Medicines and lifestyle changes can help you live safely with chronic low blood pressure. Your doctor can recommend steps you can take to manage your low blood pressure. These actions can help control the condition:

    Drink more water. This can help avoid dehydration.

    Medicines and lifestyle changes can help you live safely with chronic low blood pressure.

    Avoid alcohol. Alcoholic beverages are dehydrating, and alcohol changes how medicines work in your body.

    Slow down. Take your time when standing up. If lying down, sit up first. Then wiggle your feet and move your legs. This will increase circulation and get your heart rate up so that you dont feel lightheaded when you stand up.

    If your medicine and lifestyle changes do not reduce your low blood pressure symptoms, talk with your doctor about other changes you can make.

    What You Should Know About Fluctuating Blood Pressure In The Elderly

    As you help monitor your loved ones blood pressure, keep in mind that numbers fluctuate slightly throughout the day thats normal. Several factors influence your blood pressure numbers. For example, your blood pressure may be lower if youre resting and higher if youre stressed. This means you may have a normal reading in the morning and an elevated number in the afternoon.

    If youre concerned about excessive fluctuation in your loved ones blood pressure numbers:

    • Read instructions to ensure youre using your home blood pressure monitor equipment correctly. Variations in how you measure your loved ones blood pressure can result in different readings.
    • Bring your home monitor to your next doctors appointment to compare readings.
    • Be aware of white coat hypertension. In some cases, a persons blood pressure may be high at a doctors office but normal at home. This could be attributed to the stress related to a doctors appointment.

    Your loved ones doctor may want you to keep a blood pressure diary with several readings a day for a couple of weeks to monitor any variations.

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    When To Check Blood Pressure

    • If your blood pressure is normal , get it checked every year, or more often as your doctor suggests.
    • If your blood pressure is elevated — a systolic blood pressure between 120 and 129 or diastolic blood pressure of less than 80 — your doctor will probably want to check it every 3-6 months. They will probably recommend lifestyle changes like more exercise and a better diet.
    • If you have stage 1 hypertension — 130-139 over 89-90 — the doctor might suggest lifestyle changes and see you again in 3-6 months. Or they could tell you to make the changes and give you medication, then recheck your condition in a month. It depends on what other health conditions or risk factors you have.
    • If you have stage 2 hypertension — 140/90 or higher — youâll likely get medication. You’ll also need to make lifestyle changes and see the doctor again in a month.

    If You Notice A Sudden Decline In Blood Pressure

    Lower Your Blood Pressure – Information About Blood Pressure Numbers

    A single lower-than-normal reading is not cause for alarm, unless you are experiencing any other symptoms or problems. If you experience any dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea or other symptoms, its a good idea to consult with your healthcare provider. To help with your diagnosis, keep a record of your symptoms and activities at the time they occurred.

    Is low blood pressure related to low heart rate? Find out.

    Written by American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisers. See our editorial policies and staff.

    Last Reviewed: Oct 31, 2016

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    The ‘bottom’ Blood Pressure Number Matters Too

    HealthDay Reporter

    THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 — When it comes to blood pressure readings, the “top” number seems to grab all the attention.

    But a large, new study confirms that both numbers are, in fact, critical in determining the risk of heart attack and stroke.

    Blood pressure measurements are given as a “top” and “bottom” number. The first reflects systolic blood pressure, the amount of pressure in the arteries as the heart contracts. The second reflects diastolic blood pressure, the pressure in the arteries between heart muscle contractions.

    For years, systolic blood pressure has been seen as the one that really matters. That’s based on studies — including the famous Framingham Heart Study — showing that high systolic blood pressure is a stronger predictor of heart disease and stroke.

    At the same time, though, doctors measure both systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and treatment guidelines are based on both. So just how important is that diastolic number?

    “The idea behind this new study was to address the confusion,” said lead researcher Dr. Alexander Flint, an investigator with Kaiser Permanente Northern California’s division of research.

    Using medical records from 1.3 million patients, his team confirmed that, yes, high systolic blood pressure was a stronger risk factor for heart attack and stroke. But those risks also climbed in tandem with diastolic pressure and people with normal systolic readings were still at risk if their diastolic pressure was high.

    Symptoms Of Low Diastolic Blood Pressure

    Symptoms of isolated diastolic hypotension include tiredness, dizziness, and falls.

    Because low diastolic pressure decreases blood flow to your heart, you may also have chest pain or symptoms of heart failure. Heart failure symptoms may include shortness of breath, swelling of your feet or ankles, confusion, and heart palpitations.

    Seek immediate medical attention if you have chest pain or difficulty breathing.

    Symptoms of low diastolic blood pressure along with low systolic blood pressure include:

    • dizziness

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    Which Number Is More Important

    Typically, more attention is given to systolic blood pressure as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease for people over 50. In most people, systolic blood pressure rises steadily with age due to the increasing stiffness of large arteries, long-term buildup of plaque and an increased incidence of cardiac and vascular disease.

    However, either an elevated systolic or an elevated diastolic blood pressure reading may be used to make a diagnosis of high blood pressure. According to recent studies, the risk of death from ischemic heart disease and stroke doubles with every 20 mm Hg systolic or 10 mm Hg diastolic increase among people from age 40 to 89.

    When Should You Get Help For An Abnormal Blood Pressure Reading

    Blood Pressure Readings Explained

    One high or low blood pressure reading by itself may not mean you need to call for help. If you take your blood pressure and it is out of the normal range, wait a few minutes and take it again. If it’s still high or low, use the following guidance.

    911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:

    • You passed out .

    or seek immediate medical care if:

    • Your blood pressure is much higher than normal .
    • You think high blood pressure is causing symptoms such as:
    • Severe headache.
    • Blurry vision.

    Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor if:

    • Your blood pressure measures higher than your doctor recommends at least 2 times. That means the top number is higher or the bottom number is higher, or both.
    • You think you may be having side effects from your blood pressure medicine.

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    Ways To Lower Diastolic Blood Pressure

    There are many ways to lower diastolic blood pressure. You need to know that high diastolic blood pressure needs treatment too. For example, if you have high cholesterol levels in addition to having a high diastolic blood pressure reading on your medical report then medication will treat both conditions at once.

    Focus on heart-healthy foods

    You can lower your blood pressure by making some changes to what you eat. For example, you might eat less meat and more vegetables. Olive oil, garlic, and tomatoes are good for your heart. They can help lower your cholesterol levels.

    Limit saturated and trans fats

    Saturated and trans fats can hurt your heart. This can happen if you eat too much of them each day. If you eat too many of these fats, then your heart will have problems. You should avoid eating too much because it can make your heart sick. Dont drink whole milk and dont eat cheese. They have a lot of fat in them.

    Reduce sodium in your diet

    You need to reduce your sodium levels if you have high blood pressure. For example, you should not use soy sauce to cook with. Instead, use fresh herbs or lemon juice. Also, choose low-sodium foods at the supermarket so that you can eat healthy with ease.

    Eat more potassium

    You can get potassium by eating fruits and vegetables. For example, bananas are good for you because they have potassium in them that can lower your blood pressure if you eat them regularly.

    Lay off the caffeine

    Cut back on alcohol

    Ditch sugar

    Switch to dark chocolate

    Blood Pressure Thats Too Low

    Low blood pressure is known as hypotension. In adults, a blood pressure reading of 90/60 mm Hg or below is often considered hypotension. This can be dangerous because blood pressure that is too low doesnt supply your body and heart with enough oxygenated blood.

    Some potential causes of hypotension can include:

    • heart problems

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    What Causes High Blood Pressure

    Unfortunately, theres not a simple answer. High blood pressure can be caused by anything from kidney function to blood vessel health to hormones.

    Its really a complicated system, Baker said. Many things can play a part in determining a persons blood pressure.

    Thats one reason different blood pressure medications affect different processes, such as kidney function, fluid retention and even the nervous system.

    Doctors: Beware Of Low Diastolic Blood Pressure When Treating Hypertension

    Blood Pressure – What is Normal Blood Pressure – How To Lower Blood Pressure
    • Low diastolic blood pressure linked to heart damage. –
    • Physicians, be aware of not dropping the bottom blood pressure number. –
    • Overtreated high blood pressure could be dangerous in certain patients. –

    The researchers caution that their findings cannot prove that very low diastolic blood pressure a measure of pressure in arteries between heartbeats when the heart is resting and also the lower number in a blood pressure reading directly causes heart damage, only that there appears to be a statistically significant increase in heart damage risk among those with the lowest levels of diastolic blood pressure.

    A summary of the findings was published Aug. 30 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology and coincides with the release of a similar analysis at the European Society of Cardiology Meeting by physicians from Hôpital Bichat in Paris, France.

    Released last fall, the SPRINT trial showed protective cardiovascular benefits to patients when physicians aggressively treated high blood pressure down to 120/80 millimeters of mercury, with a primary emphasis on keeping systolic pressure the top number, representing arterial pressure when the heart is pumping at no more than 120.

    Researchers followed the participants for 21 years in a series of five visits, with the last check-in in 2013. Each visit included blood pressure measurement, and several included blood testing.

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    Diagnosing High Or Low Blood Pressure

    Only one of your numbers needs to be higher than it should be to be diagnosed with high blood pressure, and only one needs to be lower than it should be to be diagnosed with low blood pressure.

    So if your top number is over 140 or the bottom number is over 90, you may be diagnosed with high blood pressure, regardless of the other number. If your top number is under 90 or your bottom number is under 60, you may be diagnosed with low blood pressure. Use the chart to see where your numbers sit.

    If your top number is consistently higher than 140mmHg, but the bottom number is healthy – this is known as Isolated Systolic Hypertension. If the bottom number is consistently higher than 90mmHg but the top number is healthy – this is known as Isolated Diastolic Hypertension.

    Making sure your readings arent a one-off

    A single high reading doesnt necessarily mean you have high blood pressure, as many things can affect your blood pressure throughout the day, such as the temperature, when you last ate, and if youre feeling stressed.

    Your doctor or nurse will probably want to measure your blood pressure a number of times over a few weeks to make sure the reading wasnt just a one off and that your blood pressure stays high over time.

    Read about how high blood pressure is diagnosed, getting a blood pressure check, the further tests you might have if you have a high blood pressure reading, and what it means if youre diagnosed with high blood pressure.

    Read more

    Taking Your Pulse Versus Checking Your Blood Pressure

    While both are indications of health, blood pressure and heart rate are two separate measurements. Learn more about the difference between blood pressure and heart rate.

    Systolic is less than 120 and my diastolic is less than 80

    Great job! Your blood pressure is normal. To keep your readings in this range, stick with heart-healthy habits like following a balanced diet and getting regular exercise.

    Systolic is 120 129 and my diastolic is less than 80

    The good news is that you dont have high blood pressure. However, your numbers fall within the Elevated category, making you more likely to develop high blood pressure unless you take action to control it. Ready to make some small changes that have big impacts? Healthy lifestyle choices are a great place to start.

    Systolic is 130 139 or my diastolic is 80 89

    You are in the first stage of hypertension, but there are actions you can take to get your blood pressure under control. Your doctor will speak to you about small changes that can make a big difference and other BP Raisers. In addition, monitoring blood pressure outside of the doctors office is important for BP control.

    Systolic is 140 or higher or my diastolic is 90 or higher

    Systolic is higher than 180 and/or my diastolic is higher than 120

    Written by American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisers. See our editorial policies and staff.

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    When To See A Doctor

    If a person who monitors their blood pressure at home does not see lower readings despite implementing lifestyle changes, they should get in touch with a doctor to determine the underlying cause of their high blood pressure.

    A person should seek immediate medical attention if they get two readings of 180/120 mm Hg or higher within a 5-minute period, especially if they are experiencing a headache or nosebleed.

    When To Call Your Doctor

    Pin on FIRST AID / health tips

    The risks of both high and low blood pressure make monitoring your blood pressure at home essential to your overall health and well-being. Both Dr. Wong and Dr. Desai recommend calling your healthcare provider if your self-monitored blood pressure readings are greater than 180/120 mmHgeven if you have no other symptoms.

    You should call 911 if these blood pressure readings are associated with symptoms of organ damage, such as headache, vision changes, weakness, numbness, chest pain or shortness of breath, says Dr. Wong.

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