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|90/60 to under 120/80 mm Hg.|
|Prehypertension, or risk for hypertension||120-139/80-89 mm Hg|
|Stage 2 hypertension||over 160/100 mm Hg.|
If your systolic pressure and diastolic pressure are in two different categories, doctors consider the number that is in the higher category. For example, if your blood pressure is 135/91, your systolic blood pressure is in the prehypertensive range and your diastolic blood pressure is in the range of Stage 1 hypertension. Your measurement or 135/91 would place you in the category of Stage 1 hypertension.;
Here is a chart to help you read your results:
|Over 89 mm Hg|
How Is Blood Pressure Measured
Blood pressure is measured by a blood pressure cuff . The blood pressure cuff consists of an air pump, a pressure gauge, and a rubber cuff. The instrument measures the blood pressure in units called millimeters of mercury .
The cuff is placed around the upper arm and inflated with an air pump to a pressure that blocks the flow of blood in the main artery that travels through the arm. The arm is held at the side of the body at the level of the heart, and the pressure of the cuff is gradually released. As the pressure decreases, a health practitioner listens with a stethoscope over the artery at the front of the elbow or an electronic machine senses the pulsation. The pressure at which the practitioner first hears a pulsation from the artery is the systolic pressure . As the cuff pressure decreases further, the pressure at which the pulsation finally stops is the diastolic pressure .
Risk Of High Blood Pressure In Women
1 The answer to the question of how high blood pressure arises is difficult: risk factors such as heavyweight, lack of exercise and stress are well-known facts. But while one gets high blood pressure early on, the other does not have any problems at first. Why it can vary from person to person here is still unclear.
2 Partly it is probably due to the genes. High blood pressure and strokes with close relatives siblings, parents, grandparents suggest a certain predisposition to hypertension. An exact picture of the hereditary factors does not yet have the research.
3 Also, interactions between genes, environment, and lifestyle can promote various diseases. It also seems to be the case with high blood pressure. In short: heredity, of course, age and gender play a relevant role.
4 When predisposed to high blood pressure, certain lifestyle factors can more readily influence disease development. The more risks that come together, the higher the likelihood that hypertension will occur and conversely, a healthy lifestyle can have a beneficial effect on the risk of disease.
5 Only about 10 to 15%;of hypertensive patients have secondary hypertension. That is, another condition is responsible for hypertension, such as the kidneys, adrenals, or thyroid gland. Some aspects are below , read more in the Diagnostics chapter of this guide.
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Blood Pressure Reading Chart
Below is a blood pressure reading chart for you.
*Remember that the larger figure in your reading represents the systolic value; the smaller figure represents your diastolic value. Systolic is the measurement of pressure when the heart is beating. Diastolic is the measurement of pressure when the heart is resting.
What Is Normal Blood Pressure For Men And Women
The healthy blood pressure range for men and women remains the same across all age groups.
Normal BP Range for Female in India Below 120/80 mm Hg and Above 90/60 mm Hg in an adult female.
Normal BP Range for Male in India Below 120/80 mm Hg and Above 90/60 mm Hg in an adult male.
However, when it comes to hypertension, it is important to recognise the differences between the two genders.
High BP is more common among men below the age of 50 than women of the same age, and the chances of developing hypertension increases in women as compared to men after the age of 55.
Hypertension causes complications such as heart attack and stroke, and these complications are less likely to occur in women who have undergone menopause than men of the same age. When comparing the complication risks of hypertension between men and women aged between 40 and 70 years, it is seen that men are at a higher risk of developing complications than women.
These findings suggest that regular BP screening should be conducted for young and middle-aged men, once they enter the 20s, and the same applies to women who have passed the menopause stage.
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The Different Blood Pressure Levels Are:
- Normal: Less than 120 systolic and less than 80 diastolic
- Elevated: 120-129 systolic and less than 80 diastolic
- High Blood Pressure Stage 1:
- 130-139 systolic or 80-89 diastolic
These simple changes can go a long way and are key factors in lowering your numbers.
Normal Blood Pressure For Children
Normal BP ranges vary in children by age. The University of Iowa Stead Family Childrens Hospital provides this chart:
|Normal Blood Pressure for Children|
|112128 mm Hg||6680 mm Hg|
What is considered healthy for your child also varies by height, age, and sex. You can use Baylor;College of Medicine’s calculator to see if your childs blood pressure reading is in a healthy range.
Best Hypertension Management Health Coach App
You are putting in the work, so you deserve to maximize the benefits. A weight loss health coach app can help you do just that. A health coach app serves all the functions of a regular coach: informing, motivating, guiding, cheering, and organizing. The best weight loss health coach app:
- Informs you about healthy ways to lose weight and incorporate healthy behaviors into your lifestyle.
- Motivates you to keep setting and chasing new goals.
- Guides you through your weight loss journey in your own way.
- Cheers your successes, your efforts, and, should you fall short of your goals for a time, your renewed dedication.
- Organizes by encouraging you to log your food, activity and weight, and storing that information.
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Your Blood Pressure Numbers And What They Mean
Your blood pressure is recorded as two numbers:
- Systolic blood pressure indicates how much pressure your blood is exerting against your artery walls when the heart beats.
- Diastolic blood pressure indicates how much pressure your blood is exerting against your artery walls while the heart is resting between beats.
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Know Your Numbers: Blood Pressure
Knowing and understanding key heart numbers blood pressure, cholesterol and heart rate, along with your family history allow you and your health care team to determine your risk for developing heart and cardiovascular disease. Knowing your risk is critical to preventing heart disease and for taking steps to improve your overall heart health.
What Causes High Blood Pressure In Women
1 How does the blood pressure come about? The heart cycle goes through two phases: the pumping phase and the filling phase . Correspondingly, systolic and diastolic pressures build up in the vessels.
2 The systolic pressure arises when the heart contracts and pumps the blood into the ship. The diastolic pressure results when the heart expands again to refill with blood.
3 In healthy people, the pressure reacts flexibly to the requirements of the body through increased cardiac output and narrow or wide positioning of the resistance vessels. Thus, sufficient circulation is always guaranteed, such as during physical activity. More on blood pressure regulation at the bottom.
4 The blood pressure is not a constant size, daily fluctuations are normal. During the night, the blood pressure drops. The differences between people with normal and increased stress, especially in the average values during the day and at night .
5 Especially with older people, but not only with them, with decreasing elasticity of the arteries or arteriosclerosis, but the systolic blood pressure can also increase more pronounced, while the diastolic slightly sink or remains low .
However, typical hypertension, in which both systolic and diastolic pressure tends to increase, develops very frequently with increasing age.
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What Is A Sample Dash Diet Sample Menu
A typical 1600 calorie DASH diet menu plan would include the following:
- 2 cups of vegetables
- 2 servings of low-fat/fat-free dairy products
- 6 oz. whole grains
- 5 oz. lean meat, poultry or fish
- 2 teaspoons healthy oils such as olive oil
- 1 oz. nuts and seeds
Rare, mini servings of sweets, salty foods, and alcohol
A typical daily DASH diet sample menu might look like this
- Breakfast: Steel cut oatmeal with chopped pecans, Â½ a chopped apple and cinnamon, black coffee
- Morning snack: other half of apple with 1 tsp peanut butter, large glass of water
- Lunch: spring greens salad with mixed vegetables, grilled chicken breast and vinaigrette dressing on the side. Dip your fork in dressing to get flavor with every bite without saturating the salad with salt and fat. Drink unsweetened iced tea or water.
- Afternoon snack: unsweetened fruity iced tea or carrot sticks with hummus
- Dinner: spiralizer-made zucchini pasta with marinara made with ground turkey and Italian spices, sparkling mineral water
- Dessert: strawberries, 1 tbsp. vanilla yogurt, dusting of cocoa powder
Normal Blood Pressure In Women
High blood pressure is largely treatable with lifestyle and medications, but only slightly over half of women with high blood pressure have their condition under control says a recent study from the American Heart Association . So what is normal blood pressure for women?
You can work to stay healthy by monitoring your numbers, considering healthy lifestyle changes, and following your doctors orders. Health tools such as Lark, which is provided free of charge by many health plans and includes guidance on blood pressure reduction and free tools to track it at home, can help you.
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How Blood Pressure Is Measured
Blood pressure testing stations can be found in pharmacies, workplaces, and medical clinics. You can also buy a blood pressure monitor online or at your local pharmacy.
To measure blood pressure, a cuff attached to a monitor is placed on your arm. The cuff is then inflated with an air pump until its pressure stops blood flow from your brachial arterythe major artery found in your upper arm.
As the cuff deflates, the device measures the pressure when blood starts flowing again . Once the cuff is completely deflated, the device gauges the lowest pressure between beats .
Typically, more attention is given to the systolic pressure reading, as systolic blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease in people over the age of 50. Still, both readings are used to make a diagnosis.
What Are The Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure In Women
High blood pressure, also known as HBP or hypertension, is widely misunderstood and is called the silent killer because there can often be no symptoms. We often assume it affects those who are type-A personalities, tense and aggressive. But the truth is, it has nothing to do with personality traits. In fact, you can be the most relaxed, calm person and still suffer from HBP.
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Can Exercise Help Lower High Blood Pressure
Exercise and physical activity help lower blood pressure by helping you lose weight and keeping your heart and blood vessels in good condition.
Weight loss achieved through diet and exercise helps control factors such as blood sugar, and other complications of obesity. Avoiding these complications helps lower blood pressure and prevent high blood pressure.
Stage 1 And Stage 2 High Blood Pressure In Women
Stage 1 hypertension is when your blood pressure is 140-159/90-99 mmHg. You would also be considered to have stage 1 hypertension if your systolic blood pressure is 140-159 and your diastolic blood pressure is under 90, or if your diastolic blood pressure is 90-99 and your systolic blood pressure is under 140 as states Heart.org of the AHA.
Stage 2 hypertension is when your blood pressure is over160/100 mmHg, or if your systolic blood pressure is over 160, or if your diastolic blood pressure is over 100. Stage 2 hypertension puts you at higher risk for complications of high blood pressure than stage 1 hypertension does.
High blood pressure is not unique to women, it affects nearly 1 out of every 3 American adults according to the Centers for Disease Control , and another 1 out of 3 are pre-hypertensive and at risk for developing hypertension.
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Overweight And Belly Fatness
Not only on the fat pad as such but their distribution is essential when it comes to assessing possible circulatory risks. Especially the stomach and the waist is the focus today. Here it is straightforward to measure.
Measure at the thickest point just above the navel. When the waist circumference in men exceeds 102 centimeters, and in women 88centimeters, this is a fat warning sign, regardless of body size: With the waist, the health risk increases.
Men should be careful already at waist circumferences from 98 centimeters, women from 80 centimeters. Since the stomach fat causes many adverse changes in your body. For example, liver, muscle, and adipose tissue cells respond worse to the sugar-lowering hormone insulin .
Then the body needs more insulin. It increases the risk of sugar metabolism disorder such as type 2 diabetes. In the context of obesity, insulin resistance can also cause blood pressure to rise and remain too high.
The body mass index is used to classify the weight. It is calculated by sharing the weight by the square of the height . Obesity starts with a BMI of 25 , from 30 there is obesity.
Since normal or underweight people can develop more belly fat, it always depends on the waist circumference.
How Often Should I Have My Doctor Check My Blood Pressure
- Once a year if you are age 40 or older or at risk for high blood pressure
- Every three to five years if you are between 18 and 40 without a risk factor for high blood pressure
- People; menopause as changes in hormone an affect blood pressure
You can have your blood pressure checked during a regular visit with your primary care provider. Other options include Norton Prompt Care at Walgreens clinics, which offer evening and weekend hours. Your doctor may ask you to check your blood pressure at home using a blood pressure cuff or similar device.
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What Are The Different Blood Pressure Categories
Blood pressure can be categorized into five different types, namely:
Normal: Blood pressure below 120/80 mm Hg is considered to be normal.
Elevated: When blood pressure readings consistently range from 120 to 129 systolic and less than 80 mm Hg diastolic, it is known as elevated blood pressure. People with elevated blood pressure are at risk of high blood pressure unless steps are taken to control it.
Hypertension stage I: In this condition, blood pressure readings consistently range from 130 to 139 systolic or 80 to 89 mm Hg diastolic. Doctors may prescribe blood pressure medications and some lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of heart diseases and stroke.
Hypertension stage II: In this condition, blood pressure readings consistently range from 140/90 mm Hg or higher. The doctors may prescribe a combination of both medications and lifestyle changes.
Hypertensive crisis: This is the most critical condition and requires emergency medical attention. In this condition, the blood pressure suddenly exceeds 180/120 mm Hg. Contact the physician immediately if the following symptoms are experienced:
- Difficulty speaking
Research From The Smidt Heart Institute Shows That A One
A new study from theSmidt Heart Instituteat Cedars-Sinai shows that women have a lower normal blood pressure range compared to men. The findings were published today in the peer-reviewed journal Circulation.
Currently, established blood pressure guidelines state that women and men have the same normal healthy range of blood pressure. But the new research shows there are differences in normal blood pressure between the sexes.
Our latest findings suggest that this one-size-fits-all approach to considering blood pressure may be detrimental to a womans health, saidSusan Cheng, MD, MPH, MMSc, associate professor of Cardiology and director of the Institute for Research on Healthy Aging in the Department of Cardiology at the Smidt Heart Institute and senior author of the study. Based on our research results, we recommend that the medical community reassess blood pressure guidelines that do not account for sex differences.
The first number in a blood pressure reading is called the systolic pressure and measures the force of the blood against the artery walls as your heart beats. The second number is the diastolic pressure, the blood pressure against the artery walls between heartbeats.
For years, 120 mmHg has been considered the normal upper limit for systolic blood pressure in adults. Persistent elevations above this limit amount to hypertensionwhich is well known as the key risk factor for common cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attack, heart failure, and stroke.
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