Nosebleed Definition And Facts
- The definition of a nosebleed is simply bleeding from the blood vessels in the nose. The medical term for nosebleed is epistaxis.
- Nosebleeds are common due to the location of the nose on the face, and the large amount of blood vessels in the nose.
- The most common causes of nosebleeds are drying of the nasal membranes and nose picking , which can be prevented with proper lubrication of the nasal passages and not picking the nose.
- Most nosebleeds can be stopped at home.
- Consult a doctor for a nosebleed if bleeding cannot be stopped, there is a large amount of blood lost, or you feel weak or faint.
- Chronic nosebleeds or persistent nosebleeds may need to be stopped with a heating instrument or chemical swab , or application of a topical medicine called thrombin that promotes local clotting of blood.
- A doctor may use nasal packs to stop nosebleeds when conservative measures fail.
- Do not take aspirin or other blood thinning products when you get a nosebleed .
Pregnancy Tumor: A Rare Cause Of Nosebleeds
Also known as a pyogenic granuloma, a pregnancy tumor is a noncancerous, rapidly growing mass of capillary blood vessels that bleeds easily. Research suggests the masses form due to the influx of hormones during pregnancy.
Approximately 5% of pregnant women develop pregnancy tumors, which typically form in the gums between the teeth but can also form in the nose. The masses can appear anywhere on the body and generally disappear after the baby is born.
Treatment usually consists of either a medicated gel or nasal spray, which helps control bleeding. Some women need to have the tumor removed if it is causing breathing problems or excessive nosebleeds. The exact procedure to remove the tumor depends on where the tumor is located. For pregnancy tumors of the nose, most can be removed endoscopically without any external incisions or stitches.
Related reading:5 weird pregnancy symptoms you might not know about
How To Reduce Blood Pressure Levels
Keep your blood pressure under control, especially if you have been diagnosed with hypertension. Lowering your risk of experiencing extreme fluctuations will protect you against the more troublesome symptoms.
Your doctor may recommend medication. According to the CDC, about 7 out of every 10 adults in the U.S. use medication to treat their high blood pressure levels. Medicine enables your kidneys to remove salt and water from the body. This lowers your blood pressure and makes your blood vessels looser. This is why blood pressure pills are regularly referred to as water pills.
Not everyone wants to take prescription medications. Some people dont want to deal with potential side effects. Others dont want to be dependent on medicine. Thankfully, there are natural ways to lower your blood pressure.
Here are some natural solutions:
Your blood pressure can be managed. Sometimes, people can handle it so well that they can get back to normal levels without taking medication. If your blood pressure is consistently high, you should talk to your doctor immediately. No matter what, you should never ignore blood pressure levels that are too high as youll be more at risk of having a stroke.
High blood pressure can be hard to diagnose. Symptoms like nosebleeds dont usually show up because of hypertension alone. Its rare to experience any symptoms at all unless you have a sudden spike in your blood pressure.
You May Like: Does Claritin D Raise Blood Pressure
Quick Rundown On Powerlifting
Powerlifting is a competitive sport thats made up of three attempts at maximum weight on three lifts. These are the bench press, squat, and deadlift.
In powerlifting competitions, the athlete attempts a maximum weight single lift of a barbell loaded with weight plates. It is a very intense form of strength training which uses heavy weights in compound exercises. Compound exercises hit the target muscle groups pretty hard.
It does help people that do it get stronger, but it has some downsides as well. Powerlifting is more strenuous and quite distinct from weightlifting.
The sport of weightlifting is made up of two lifts: the snatch and the clean and jerk, where the weight is lifted above the head. Most people use the term weightlifting to refer to general working out, but its actually a sport just like powerlifting.
In powerlifting three intense lifts are involved: the back squat, bench press and deadlift, and most competitions are comprised of one, two or all three of these lifting disciplines.
During competitions, each competitor is given three attempts at each lift, the best lift in each discipline is then added to their overall total and the lifter with the highest total in their respective age and weight class will be declared the winner.
Powerlifting is also very distinct from weightlifting and powerlifting. The goals, training, and competitions are all different from each other.
Talking To Your Doctor About Your Blood Pressure Headaches
If you suspect you have high blood pressure, you need to talk to your doctor to get a formal diagnosis so that you can begin treatment. This is particularly important if you have blood pressure headaches because that can signify a more serious problem. If you are having migraines that also warrants a conversation with your physician because they can help you find a treatment plan.
Some questions to ask your doctor include:
- What can I do when I get a blood pressure headache? When should I seek emergency medical treatment?
- Should I get a home blood pressure monitor? What kind should I get?
- How often should I check my blood pressure?
- How high is too high? Too low?
- What changes should I make to my lifestyle to get better control of my hypertension or migraine?
- What foods can I eat? What should I avoid?
- Can I exercise? How much? What are signs that I should stop?
- What kind of medication are you prescribing to me?
- Will this medication help my headache or make it worse?
Recommended Reading: Claritin Raise Blood Pressure
What Is Portal Hypertension
The portal venous system contains veins coming from the stomach, intestine, spleen, and pancreas. These veins merge into the portal vein, which branches into smaller vessels and travel through the liver. Portal hypertension occurs when there is an increase in the blood pressure within the portal venous system. When the vessels in the liver are blocked due to liver damage, blood cannot flow properly through the liver. This causes high blood pressure in the portal system.
Portal Hypertension Causes
Cirrhosis of the liver is the most common cause of portal hypertension. In cirrhosis, the scar tissue blocks the flow of blood through the liver. Blood clots in the portal vein, blockages of the veins that carry blood from the liver to the heart, parasitic infection , and focal nodular hyperplasia are also causes of portal hypertension.
Portal Hypertension Symptoms
Symptoms of portal hypertension include the following:
- Gastrointestinal bleeding, which can cause black, tarry stools or blood in stools, or vomiting of blood
- Encephalopathy or confusion
- Reduced levels of platelets
Portal Hypertension Treatment
Can Caffeine Cause Nosebleeds
Caffeine, like amphetamines, is a stimulant that produces physical and mental effects. Its consumed orally and while the effects are nowhere as strong as illegal drugs, it can still produce some of the same adverse reactions, including nosebleeds.
The difference is that caffeine dries out your body, sucking the moisture out of your mucus membranes and leaving your nasal passages exposed. Blood pressure increases can also occur, although this is typically only a major problem when large doses are consumed, or the user has a very low tolerance.
Also Check: Does Claritin D Raise Blood Pressure
What Are The Most Common Causes Of Nosebleeds
As for what the most common causes of nosebleeds are, dry air is often a culprit. If you live in a mostly arid climate, such as the desert, then it’s much more likely for the blood vessels to get irritated and break open. The nasal membranes, which are tissues inside the nose, get crusty and brittle. This crusting can cause the interior of your nose to itch. If you blow your nose in this case, then you could see a minute amount of blood come out. If you pick your nose or likewise irritate it further, then you’re probably going to exacerbate the problem.
You can also dry out the inside of your nose by taking antihistamines or decongestants. Sinus infection problems and colds can also cause a drying effect. Frequent nose blowing can produce a little blood as well. You might also develop some blood clots in the case of constant sneezing, exposure to cold air, an allergic reaction, exposure to certain chemicals, and if you take large doses of aspirin.
Some Other Causes of Nosebleeds and Bleeding Disorders
Most nosebleeds do not require medical attention. However, if it has been going on for longer than twenty minutes, or if the flow of blood from the nose has reached an alarming rate, then you should seek help at once. If you taste blood from an anterior nosebleed and you don’t know what’s causing it, then that is also usually cause for you to find a doctor or consider a trip to the emergency room.
What About Stress Nosebleeds? Do They Exist?
What Is Arbs Medication
Angiotensin receptor blockers prevent the actions of angiotensin II on the arteries. This means the arteries stay more open and blood pressure is lowered. ARBs can take a few weeks to work. Side effects can include dizziness, muscle cramps, insomnia, and elevated potassium levels. As with ACE inhibitors, women who are pregnant, planning to get pregnant, or breastfeeding should not take ARBs.
Read Also: Blood Pressure Changes During Exercise
Cerebellar Disturbances Causing Dizziness In Migraine
The cerebellum in part, controls balance. Persons with migraine often exhibit unsteadiness with a cerebellar pattern. Persons with severe migraine may develop profound ataxia, sometimes requiring use of a walker or cane, without any signs of inner ear disturbances. Cerebellar findings are sometimes reported in migraine , although this is of very little importance as focal neurological deficits could certainly occur in any disorder that can cause stroke. In our otoneurology clinical practice, we occasionally see gaze and rebound nystagmus in individuals with migraine, but this is by no means a universal finding.
Inner ear testing in migraine, is generally normal. In fact, rotatory chair testing usually shows that inner ear function is excellent. The cerebellum has within it circuitry that could cause nystagmus.
In other words, in our opinion, a common mechanism for migraineous dizziness is changes in cerebellar metabolism.
What Not To Do If You Have A Nosebleed
Stopping a nosebleed isnt fun, but it also isnt that difficult. There are, however, certain things you should avoid if you have a nosebleed. Some actions can make the bleeding worse or lead to complications.
You should avoid the following mistakes:
- Dont stop applying pressure for at least 10 minutes. Its tempting to check to see if the bleeding has ended, but each time you release pressure, you could be allowing the blood to start flowing again.
- Dont lay down on your back. Staying upright will reduce the pressure in your nose and will help it to stop bleeding so freely.
- Dont pack your nose with tissues or other items. You can use a tissue to catch the blood. But, picking your nose can cause further damage to your blood vessels and make the bleeding worse.
At What Point Does High Blood Pressure Cause A Problem For People With Diabetes
If your resting blood pressure level is above the targets, this puts you at an increased risk of heart and vascular problems as well as other diabetes complications, such as kidney disease and sight damage .
High blood pressure is also associated with poor circulation which increases the risk of foot ulcers and can lead to foot amputation if regular foot care is not taken.
Brain Tumors And Migraine Causing Dizziness In Migraine
Occasionally of course, patients with migraine will have other disorders such as brain tumors. Go HERE to see an example of this rare situation. The association works like this: Migraine, per se, does not cause brain tumors, but the headaches of brain tumors can be mistaken for migraine, or occur in the same person that has migraine.
Don’t Miss: Claritin And High Blood Pressure Medications
What Really Happens When Powerlifters Get A Nosebleed
During powerlifting, athletes usually tense their abdominal muscles in a process known as Valsalva maneuver. This is where you put force against a closed airway which ultimately builds up body pressure.
This maneuver combined with the force being exerted on the lower legs drives a lot of blood from the lower legs. All of this leads to an increase in blood pressure in the upper body, the neck, and the head.
In the nose, there is an area, quite close to the skin where blood vessels pass called the Littles Area or Kiesselbachs Plexus located on the front part of the nasal septum. As a result of increased blood pressure, bleeding can occur especially if there is an aggravating factor contributing to that increase in blood pressure.
These aggravating factors may include allergies, change in humidity, prior history of nosebleeds, decreased clotting factors, diet or use of a steroid-based nasal decongestant.
They are also less extreme activities other than lifting huge weights that could lead to nosebleeds. Its also possible that the nasal blood vessels of people who experience these nosebleeds are very little channels rather than thick, robust pipes which are unable to handle the rush of blood prompted by the lift.
Other than this, maybe the blood pressure induced by the near-superhuman effort required to lift very heavy weights is much higher than any part of their human body is built to handle.
What Causes Nosebleeds In Pregnancy And Tips To Manage Them
Pregnancy is full of quirky side effects including nosebleeds. One in five patients get nosebleeds during pregnancy , compared with 6% of women who get them when not pregnant.
Over the course of pregnancy, your total blood volume doubles to support the growing baby. To accommodate this extra blood, the blood vessels in your body dilate. The pressure of the extra blood can sometimes cause the more fragile vessels to rupture and bleed more easily.
Your nose is rich in tiny blood vessels that can get dried out from normal breathing, which can lead to breakage and bleeding. For most pregnant patients, the occasional minor nosebleed is no cause for alarm. Its mostly just annoying.
I’ve invited my colleague, Ashleigh Halderman, M.D., an ear, nose, and throat specialist from UT Southwestern’s Otolaryngology Department, to talk about what causes nosebleeds during pregnancy, how women can prevent them, and how to stop them when they do occur.
Read Also: Does Claritin D Raise Blood Pressure
When Should I Go To The Emergency Room If I Have A Nosebleed
- You cannot stop the bleeding after more than 15 to 20 minutes of applying direct pressure on your nose as described in the steps above.
- The bleeding is rapid or the blood loss is large .
- You are having difficulty breathing.
- You have vomited because youve swallowed a large amount of blood.
- Your nosebleed has followed a blow to your head or serious injury .
- You get nosebleeds often.
- You have symptoms of anemia .
- You have a child under two years of age who has had a nosebleed.
- You are taking blood thinning drugs or have a blood clotting disorder and the bleeding wont stop.
- You get a nosebleed that seems to have occurred with the start of a new medication.
- You get nosebleeds as well as notice unusual bruising all over your body. This combination may indicate a more serious condition such as a blood clotting disorder , leukemia or nasal tumor and will need to be checked by your doctor.)
When Should You Go To An Emergency Room For A Nosebleed
- If bleeding cannot be stopped or keeps occurring .
- If bleeding is rapid, or if blood loss is large.
- If you feel weak or faint.
- If your nosebleed is associated with trauma to the face, loss of consciousness, or blurry vision.
- If your nosebleed is associated with a fever or headache.
- If your infant or baby has a nosebleed, contact the pediatrician.
Don’t Miss: What Is A Dangerously High Blood Pressure
When To Worry About Nosebleeds
This content was published in 2013. We do not recommend that you take any clinical decisions based on this information without first ensuring you have checked the latest guidance.
A. Bleeding from the nose is a common condition and rarely serious. Most bleeds are minor and self-limiting. It is thought that approximately 60 per cent of the population will suffer from a nosebleed at some point in their lifetime.1
One large study found that around 6 per cent of people suffering nose bleeds sought medical treatment and that only 1.6 in 10,000 required hospital treatment.2 Despite these reassuring statistics it should be remembered that some nosebleeds can be serious and even fatal if not treated effectively.
Epistaxis has a bimodal distribution in the population, with peaks below the age of 10 years and after the age of 50 years.1 The site of origin of bleeding tends to differ with age. In the young most bleeds occur from Kiesselbachs plexus in Littles area, a highly vascular area on the anterior septum where several small vessels anastomose, and which is easily accessible to picking fingers. As patients get older the site of bleeding tends to move back and can involve larger blood vessels.
What Is A Pulmonary Hypertension
Abnormally elevated pressure in the pulmonary circulation is referred to as pulmonary hypertension. This condition affects the arteries in the lungs and the right side of the heart.
Pulmonary Hypertension Causes
Pulmonary hypertension is caused by changes in the cells that line the pulmonary arteries. These changes cause the walls of the arteries to become stiff and thick, extra tissue may also form. This can reduce or block blood flow through the blood vessels. Increased blood pressure is then caused because it is harder for blood to flow. Pulmonary hypertension can be an associated condition with scleroderma, sarcoidosis, pulmonary embolism, and dermatomyositis.
Pulmonary Hypertension Symptoms
Symptoms of pulmonary hypertension may not present themselves for months or years. Later on, symptoms become worse. Symptoms of pulmonary hypertension may include:
Recommended Reading: Does Claritin D Cause High Blood Pressure