Wednesday, June 15, 2022
HomeHealthWhat To Do If I Have High Blood Pressure

What To Do If I Have High Blood Pressure

What Can I Do If My Blood Pressure Goes Up Right Before Doctors Visits

What to Do If You Have High Blood Pressure

Have you ever heard of white coat syndrome? Its what happens when you typically have normal-ranged blood pressure but significantly higher blood pressure in medical settings like hospitals or doctors offices. This is often caused by feeling nervousness or anxiety around medical settings. Unfortunately, this means your health provider might think your blood pressure is higher than it really is.

White coat syndrome isnt uncommon. In fact, one study suggests that 15% to 30% of people who have high blood pressure readings might suffer from white coat syndrome. In cases like these, some patients wonder whether its possible to quickly lower their blood pressure before a reading. If youre in this situation, the safest and most effective thing you can do is try your best to relax.

Here are a few relaxation methods you can try:

If you or your doctor suspect white coat syndrome, your doctor may send you home with a blood pressure monitor that will check your blood pressure periodically throughout a normal day. This gives a more accurate reading of what your blood pressure really is and helps the doctor figure out whether the stress of a physical trip to a medical facility is affecting you.

How Can I Lower My Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can be treated through lifestyle changes and medicines. Everyone with high blood pressure, regardless of whether theyre on medication, should follow the lifestyle recommendations . Some people will find lifestyle improvements mean they dont need blood pressure medicines or they can take a lower dosage.

These are the Australian recommendations for lifestyle changes to lower blood pressure. If you are an older Australian or have a chronic condition , your doctor will tell you which lifestyle changes are suitable for you.

Most People With Hypertension Feel Okay

Hypertension usually does not produce any symptoms, because the organs of the body can resist high blood pressure for a long time. Thats why its important to have regular medical examinations to make sure your blood pressure isnt creeping up as you grow older.High blood pressure over a period of time can contribute to many illnesses, including:

  • heart attack

The effects of high blood pressure on the arteries are worsened by:

  • cigarette smoking
  • high levels of saturated fat in the diet
  • high blood cholesterol
  • diabetes.

Responses to some types of stress may affect both blood pressure and changes in the arteries, but this remains scientifically uncertain.

Don’t Miss: Claritin Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure Stage 2 Symptoms

High blood pressure is when the force of blood pushing against the blood vessel walls, is consistently high. Nearly half of American adults have high blood pressure, and many of them dont even know they have it. Thats why high blood pressure is often called the silent killer 3.

What are high blood pressure stage 2 symptoms? Typically, high blood pressure stage 2 has no symptoms until it has caused serious health issues. The best way to know if you have high blood pressure stage 2 is to have your blood pressure checked by a physician.

If you havent had your BP checked at a doctor because you dont have a health plan, you may want to check out a health plan service I recommend. They can locate an affordable plan right for you at an affordable price. Check out their website by clicking eHealth Insurance.

Maintain A Healthy Weight

I Have High Blood Pressure: What Do I Need to Know?

If you are overweight, even a modest reduction in weight can reduce blood pressure. For example, losing 5 kilograms has been shown to reduce systolic blood pressure by around 7mmHg.

  • Keep your body mass index in the healthy weight range.
  • Your waist circumference should be less than 94 centimetres for men, less than 90cm for Asian men, and less than 80cm for women.

Also Check: Bp Effects

What Else Will Help

If these strategies dont reduce your blood pressure, your doctor may feel its necessary to prescribe more pills. But dont despair. “No matter what you are taking now, your doctor should be able to make affordable changes in your blood pressure medications to bring down your numbers,” Dr. Bhatt says.

What Changes Do You Need To Make

Make these lifestyle changes to help lower your blood pressure:

  • Lose extra weight. If you are overweight, losing as little as 4.5 kg may lower your blood pressure. It may also allow you to take less blood pressure medicine. Losing weight may also lower your cholesterol.

Read Also: Apple Watch Do Blood Pressure

Treating High Blood Pressure

Treatment for high blood pressure will depend on your blood pressure levels and your associated risk of developing a cardiovascular disease, such as a heart attack or stroke.

There are seven main risk factors for developing a cardiovascular disease. These are:

  • age
  • smoking
  • obesity
  • having a high level of cholesterol in your blood
  • having a family history of cardiovascular disease .

Tips For Taking Blood Pressure Medication

“I have high blood pressure, what can I do?”

Untreated high blood pressure can increase your risk of serious health problems. If your doctor prescribes medication to lower your blood pressure, remember:

  • If you take blood pressure medication and your blood pressure goes down, it means medication and lifestyle changes are working. If another doctor asks if you have high blood pressure, the answer is, “Yes, but it is being treated.”
  • Healthy lifestyle changes may help lower the dosage you need.
  • Get up slowly from a seated or lying position and stand for a bit before walking. This lets your blood pressure adjust before walking to prevent lightheadedness and falls.
  • Tell your doctor about all the drugs you take. Don’t forget to mention over-the-counter drugs, including vitamins and supplements. They may affect your blood pressure. They also can change how well your blood pressure medication works.
  • Blood pressure medication should be taken at the same time each day as part of your daily routine. For example, take it in the morning with breakfast or in the evening before brushing your teeth. If you miss a dose, do not double the dose the next day.
  • Remember to refill your medication before you run out and bring it with you when traveling. Its important to keep taking your medication unless your doctor tells you to stop.
  • Before having surgery, ask your doctor if you should take your blood pressure medication on the day of your operation.

Also Check: Does Spicy Food Increase Blood Pressure

Safety And Side Effects

While side effects of cats claw are rarely reported, available information to determine its overall safety is currently insufficient.

The high levels of tannins in cats claw may cause some side effects including nausea, stomach upset, and diarrhea if consumed in large amounts .

Case reports and test-tube studies support other possible side effects, including low blood pressure, increased risk of bleeding, nerve damage, anti-estrogen effects, and adverse effects on kidney function (

The lack of safety evidence means that you should always use cats claw with caution.

Summary

There is insufficient research into the risks of cats claw, although side effects are rare. Certain populations, such as pregnant women or those with particular medical conditions, should avoid cats claw.

Regular Blood Pressure Checks For Over Over 40’s

The only way to find out whether you have high blood pressure is to have your blood pressure checked regularly. Ask your GP when you are next due for yours to be checked.

Blood pressure checks are usually available on request at most GP surgeries and health clinics. Some surgeries have home monitoring devices available, which you may be able to use at the time of blood pressure medication start up or change. Many also have a policy of arranging regular checks for you.

Adults who are over 40 and have not been diagnosed with high blood pressure should have their blood pressure checked at least once every five years. However, your blood pressure should ideally be checked more frequently, particularly if you have any contributory risk factors.

Read Also: Can I Take Claritin With High Blood Pressure

What Blood Pressure Is Too High

There are different categories for normal, elevated, and high blood pressure, according to 2017 guidelines from the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association.

  • Normal: systolic below 120 and diastolic below 80

  • Elevated: systolic 120129 and diastolic below 80

  • High : systolic above 130 and diastolic above 80

You have high blood pressure if one or both numbers in your blood pressure reading are high.

The category of hypertension is further divided into stages:

  • Stage 1: systolic 130139 and diastolic 8089

  • Stage 2: systolic at or above 140 and diastolic at or above 90

These stages are used to make decisions about how to treat high blood pressure. For example, if your blood pressure is in stage 1, you may not need to treat it with medications right away.

A blood pressure with a systolic reading at or above 180 or a diastolic reading at or above 120 is very elevated. This is called hypertensive crisis. Even when your blood pressure is this high, you may not have any symptoms. Without symptoms, this is also referred to as hypertensive urgency.

In some cases, blood pressure this high can damage other organs in the body, which causes symptoms. This is called hypertensive emergency, and some of the complications can be life-threatening. Affected organs can include the:

  • Eyes

  • Heart

  • Brain

Depending on which organ is involved, you can have different symptoms. For example, if the heart is affected, you may have chest pain. Other symptoms to look for include:

What Medication Is Prescribed To Treat High Blood Pressure

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE HYPERTENSION

Once diagnosed with high blood pressure, you and your doctor will discuss the best treatment options. If your doctor decides to prescribe you with a medication, it can be comforting to understand the different types of blood pressure medication available and what each of them do.

According to the American Heart Association, the following are common classes of blood pressure medications and how each of them help lower your blood pressure:

Each class of medications is accompanied by possible side effects and your doctor will work to determine which medication is right for you.

Also Check: Low Blood Pressure Heart Attack

What Type Of Exercise Is Best

There are three basic types of exercise:

  • Cardiovascular, or aerobic, exercise can help lower your blood pressure and make your heart stronger. Examples include walking, jogging, jumping rope, bicycling , cross-country skiing, skating, rowing, high- or low-impact aerobics, swimming, and water aerobics.
  • Strength training builds strong muscles that help you burn more calories throughout the day. Itâs also good for your joints and bones.
  • Stretching makes you more flexible, helps you move better, and helps prevent injury.
  • Put Down The Saltshaker

    Keeping your sodium intake to a minimum can be vital for lowering blood pressure.

    In some people, when you eat too much sodium, your body starts to retain fluid. This results in a sharp rise in blood pressure.

    The AHA recommends limiting your sodium intake to between 1,500 milligrams and 2,300 mg per day. Thats a little over half a teaspoon of table salt.

    To decrease sodium in your diet, dont add salt to your food. One teaspoon of table salt has 2,300 mg of sodium!

    Use herbs and spices to add flavor instead. Processed foods also tend to be loaded with sodium. Always read food labels and choose low-sodium alternatives when possible.

    You May Like: Mayo Clinic Blood Pressure

    Can High Blood Pressure Affect Pregnancy

    High blood pressure complicates about 10% of all pregnancies. There are several different types of high blood pressure during pregnancy and they range from mild to serious. The forms of high blood pressure during pregnancy include:

    Chronic hypertension: High blood pressure which is present before pregnancy.

    Gestational hypertension: High blood pressure in the latter part of pregnancy.

    Preeclampsia: This is a dangerous condition that typically develops in the latter half of pregnancy and results in hypertension, protein in the urine and generalized swelling in the pregnant person. It can affect other organs in the body and cause seizures .

    Chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia: Pregnant people who have chronic hypertension are at increased risk for developing preeclampsia.

    Your provider will check your blood pressure regularly during prenatal appointments, but if you have concerns about your blood pressure, be sure to talk with your provider.

    Should I Be Eating Certain Foods To Control My Blood Pressure

    Why Do I Have High Blood Pressure? || HealthspanMD

    The DASH eating plan is the most often-used dietary method of reducing high blood pressure. Using DASH, your overall diet should be rich in nutrients including potassium, calcium, magnesium and fibre, while being low in sodium, saturated fat and total fat.

    This eating plan suggests that you:

    • enjoy at least 5 servings of fruit and vegetables every day
    • choose at least 2 servings of lower-fat dairy products each day
    • choose whole grain breads, cereals and baked goods
    • limit the salt and condiments that you add to your food, both at the table and while cooking
    • limit eating greasy snack foods, regular soft drinks, candy and other high-sugar, high-fat and salty snack foods
    • eat fats such as canola and olive oil, peanut butter and nuts, but keep the quantities small.

    You May Like: Medicine To Lower Blood Pressure

    How Can I Lower My Blood Pressure Naturally Over Time

    Now that weve discussed why theres no fail-proof, safe, and fast way to lower blood pressure, remember, there are still many ways to lower your blood pressure over time. Here are some simple recommendations:

    • Exercise most days of the week. Exercise is the most effective way to lower your blood pressure. Being physically active at least 30 minutes a day most days of the week goes a long way toward keeping or getting your blood pressure under control.

    • Consume a low-sodium diet. Too much sodium causes blood pressure to rise. The AHA recommends keeping your daily sodium intake to less than 2 grams, but keeping it less than 1.5 grams is even better! The DASH diet provides a low-sodium eating plan for you to use as an example.

    • Limit alcohol intake to no more than 1 to 2 drinks per day. Drinking more than average1 drink for women and 2 drinks for mencan cause your blood pressure to rise. Plus, alcohol can cause you to pack on the pounds, which can also lead to an increase in blood pressure.

    • Make stress reduction a priority. Stressful situations can cause your blood pressure to go up temporarily. But if you continue to be stressed, your blood pressure can remain high. Find calming activities you can do every day to help you relieve stress. Coloring, walking outside, listening to relaxing music, and even taking a warm bath can help you keep you lower your stress levels.

    Cut Back On Sugar And Refined Carbohydrates

    Many studies show that restricting sugar and refined carbohydrates can help you lose weight and lower your blood pressure.

    Sugar, especially fructose, may increase your blood pressure more than salt, according to one 2014 review. In trials lasting at least 8 weeks, sugar increased blood pressure by 5.6 mm Hg diastolic and 6.9 mm Hg systolic .

    A 2020 study that compared various popular diets found that for people who with more weight or obesity, low carb and low fat diets lowered their diastolic blood pressure by an average of about 5 mm Hg and their systolic blood pressure 3 mm Hg after 6 months .

    Another benefit of a low carb, low sugar diet is that you feel fuller longer, because youre consuming more protein and fat.

    Also Check: Pain Increase Blood Pressure

    What Is Considered High Blood Pressure

    Blood pressure changes naturally throughout the day. This depends on many factors, including whether you are sitting, standing, exercising or sleeping, and upon how much fluid is in your body.

    High blood pressure is when a persons blood pressure is persistently higher than it should be: usually 140/90mmHg or higher. Your doctor will need to take several measurements at different times before they can diagnose high blood pressure.

    The decision to treat high blood pressure doesnt just depend on your measurements it also depends on your other risk factors for heart disease and blood vessel disease.

    The Australian guidelines for classifying blood pressure ranges are:

    Systolic
    90 and over

    Home Blood Pressure Monitoring

    What Can I Do To Improve My High Blood Pressure?

    Your doctor may recommend you take measurements yourself while at home. This may help them understand how your blood pressure changes throughout the day or how its responding to treatment.

    Some pharmacies offer blood pressure checks too.

    Read Also: Blood Pressure Side Effects

    Learning To Cope With Stress Can Help

    Stress and hypertension have often been linked, but researchers are still looking into a direct relationship between the two. Still, the best advice to hypertensive patients: Try to relax.

    When you are stressed, your body sends stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol into the bloodstream. These hormones create a temporary spike in blood pressure, causing your heart to beat faster and blood vessels to narrow. When the stressful situation is over, blood pressure goes back to its normal level.

    Chronic stress, however, may cause your body to stay in this highly-charged state longer than natural.

    While stress itself may or may not affect blood pressure, how you cope with stress does. For instance, overeating, smoking and drinking alcohol in response to stressful situations are direct causes of sustained high blood pressure. On the flip side, healthier coping mechanisms like exercising, practicing yoga and meditating can all help lower blood pressure.

    RELATED ARTICLES

    Popular Articles