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How Many Americans Have Hypertension

Around 20% Of Adults In The Us Are Unaware Of Having High Blood Pressure

Most African-Americans have high blood pressure by middle age, study finds

What makes hypertension extremely dangerous is that there are usually no apparent high blood pressure symptoms. However, its essential to look out for signs such as headaches, nosebleeds, confusion, dizziness, chest pain, nausea, and vomiting. Following the frequent lack of symptoms, according to hypertension stats, the condition is known as the silent killer.

The App Guidelines Define High Blood Pressure For Children And Teens As 130/80 Or Higher

Children and teens can develop high blood pressure as well. In fact, if blood pressure reads at or above the 95th percentile in kids aged 12 and under, its defined as high blood pressure numbers. As for healthy blood pressure, a normal reading is the one below the 90th percentile for younger children and the one below 120/80 for teenagers.

Table : High Blood Pressure Awareness Minnesota Adults 2011

Year
21.5%

There are also differences in high blood pressure prevalence between disabled and non-disabled individuals. Additionally, disparities in high blood pressure based on the type of disability also exist. Chart 2 and Table 5 show the age-adjusted prevalence for high blood pressure for non-disabled adults, as well as disabled adults, categorized by type of disability. Among individuals who are not disabled, 23.5% of adults reported having high blood pressure. Compared to non-disabled individuals, Minnesota adults with a disability were more likely to report high blood pressure. Among those with a disability, those with a vision disability had the lowest prevalence of high blood pressure. On the other hand, adults with disabilities affecting mobility, independent living, and self-care were more likely to report high blood pressure than those with vision or cognitive disabilities.

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Hypertension Medications How Do They Work

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Myth: Consulting With A Professional And Getting Treatment Doesnt Work

How many at

Facts about high blood pressure inform that many people are discouraged from reaching out to a professional for help and much-needed treatment as they expect that the treatment wont always deliver positive results. However, to reap the benefits, a patient must get regular check-ups, stay on track with their treatment plan, and reduce sodium intake.

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High Blood Pressure And Older Adults

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High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a major health problem that is common in older adults. Your bodys network of blood vessels, known as the vascular system, changes with age. Arteries get stiffer, causing blood pressure to go up. This can be true even for people who have heart-healthy habits and feel just fine. High blood pressure, sometimes called “the silent killer,” often does not cause signs of illness that you can see or feel. Though it affects nearly half of all adults, many may not even be aware they have it.

If high blood pressure isn’t controlled with lifestyle changes and medication, it can lead to serious health problems, including cardiovascular disease such as heart disease and stroke, vascular dementia, eye problems, and kidney disease. The good news is that blood pressure can be controlled in most people.

Tips To Quickly Lower Blood Pressure

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Early Symptoms Of Hypertension

There are very few early symptoms of hypertension and most people with hypertension are often asymptomatic, contributing to why so many cases of hypertension go undiagnosed.

Some possible hypertension symptoms include chest pain, shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, peripheral edema or swelling, headaches, blurred vision, sweating, nosebleeds, nausea, and dizziness.

American Heart Association News Stories

WHY DO BLACK AMERICANS HAVE HIGHER PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION?

American Heart Association News covers heart disease, stroke and related health issues. Not all views expressed in American Heart Association News stories reflect the official position of the American Heart Association. Statements, conclusions, accuracy and reliability of studies published in American Heart Association scientific journals or presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect the American Heart Associations official guidance, policies or positions.

Copyright is owned or held by the American Heart Association, Inc., and all rights are reserved. Permission is granted, at no cost and without need for further request, for individuals, media outlets, and non-commercial education and awareness efforts to link to, quote, excerpt or reprint from these stories in any medium as long as no text is altered and proper attribution is made to American Heart Association News.

Other uses, including educational products or services sold for profit, must comply with the American Heart Associations Copyright Permission Guidelines. See full terms of use. These stories may not be used to promote or endorse a commercial product or service.

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More Than 100 Million Americans Have High Blood Pressure

The number of Americans at risk for strokes and heart attacks has increased significantly. According to the American Heart Association , nearly half of the American adult population, which is roughly 103 million, have high blood pressure.

As the population continues to age and the life expectancy increases, the number of individuals with high blood pressure will continue to increase, stated Dr. Paul Muntner, an epidemiologist and co-chair of the group that published AHAs Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics 2018 Update in Circulation.

Between 2005 and 2015, the death rate from high blood pressure rose by nearly 11 percent in the United States, with the actual number of deaths rising by nearly 38 percent which is nearly 79,000 by 2015, according to statistics.

Around the world, nearly a third of the adult population suffers from high blood pressure, which is the most common cause of deaths related to cardiovascular disease, stated Muntner, a professor and vice-chair of the epidemiology department at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Last November, new guidelines defining high blood pressure, also known as hypertension, were revised. The old standard was 140 over 90 but the new standard defines high blood pressure as 130 over 80. After the new standard was published, the percentage of Americans suffering from high blood pressure jumped from 32 percent to nearly 46 percent.

Other troubling statistics include:

Innovation In At Home Health Monitoring

As technological advancements spur innovation within the healthcare industry, a new form of medical monitoring has emerged, namely telemonitoring. Telemonitoring, otherwise known as remote physiological monitoring , is technically defined as the use of information technology to monitor patients at a distance. Another way to think about telemonitoring is to reorient the focus of health monitoring to where the person spends the most time, at home. This home health monitoring is highly useful for chronic and long-standing illnesses such as heart disease or hypertension.

Casanas new category of effortless, patient-centered technology captures important health parameters like blood pressure without requiring any change in behavior. Instead of expensive wearable gadgets, which many people abandon shortly after purchase, The Heart Seat aims to passively monitor a patients health and seeks to reliably track trends and insights unobtrusively. Consistently monitoring vital signs can be an integral piece of management for those at risk or with early signs of hypertension. Having reliable trend data can be invaluable to doctors and care teams when determining the best course of action to take in order to improve patient outcomes and experiences. Few new medical technologies have the potential to do so while also reducing costs. We believe this is one.

Citations:

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About 50% Of Hypertension Cases Are Associated With An Unhealthy Diet

Hypertension numbers are often linked to unhealthy eating habits. Namely, about 30% of cases are related to increased salt consumption, and around 20% are associated with low dietary potassiumlow intake of fruit and vegetables.

If eating healthy poses a real challenge, we suggest that you consult your healthcare provider. Thankfully, making necessary changes is more than possible nowadays, with numerous aids, such as meal replacement shakes or appetite suppressants, at our disposal.

Management Of Hypertension In The Elderly

Check Your Blood Pressure Day!

We can treat moderately elevated blood pressure levels in the elderly by making simple lifestyle changes. This should be the first step before we resort to drugs. The following changes can be enough for some seniors to put their hypertension under control:

  • Adopting a healthy diet with a limited sodium intake
  • Losing excess body weight and maintaining a healthy BMI
  • Being physically active every day for at least 30 minutes
  • Quitting smoking and limiting alcohol consumption

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High Blood Pressure Statistics

High blood pressure is one of the most prevalent health conditions facing Americans. In fact, 68 million Americans 1 in every 3 U.S. adults have high blood pressure, and nearly 20 percent do not know they have it. Sadly, the disease can lead to other health problems, including heart attack, stroke, and heart failure.

Measure Up/Pressure Down® medical groups are already improving these statistics. View our campaign success stories and best practices to see how these groups are moving the needle in blood pressure control.

Health Toll

  • Less than half of people with high blood pressure have their condition under control.
  • High blood pressure contributes to nearly 1,000 deaths a day.
  • Approximately 20 percent of U.S. adults who have high blood pressure do not know they have it.
  • Almost 30 percent of American adults have prehypertension, which raises the risk of developing high blood pressure.
  • Sixty-nine percent of people who have a first heart attack, 77 percent of people who have a first stroke, and 74 percent of people with chronic heart failure have high blood pressure.
  • In 2009, nearly 350,000 American deaths included high blood pressure as a primary or contributing cause.
  • The U.S. isnt the only country facing high blood pressure globally, 40 percent of adults ages 25 and older had high blood pressure in 2008.

Financial Costs

View sources for each statistic here.

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High Blood Pressure Usually Doesnt Have Any Symptoms

High blood pressure is sometimes called the silent killer. Most people with high blood pressure dont have any symptoms. Because many people feel fine, they dont think they need to get their blood pressure checked.

Even if you feel normal, your health may be at risk. Talk to your doctor about your risk for high blood pressure.

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Complications Of Hypertension In The Elderly

Untreated high blood pressure in older people causes some potentially life-threatening complications. While most of these problems wont present themselves until old age, there arent complications of hypertension only in elderly people. In fact, more and more young people have hypertension, so diagnosing and treating it on time is crucial for preventing the following problems:

Study Shows High Blood Pressure Awareness And Control Are Declining In America

100 Million Americans Have High Blood Pressure Under New Guidelines | NBC Nightly News

After nearly 15 years on an upward trend, awareness among Americans about their high blood pressure and rates of blood pressure control are now on the decline, according to a new study. Even with the help of blood pressure medications, many groups, including older adults and Black adults, are less likely than they were in earlier years to control their blood pressure, the research found.

The findings, published online in the Journal of the American Medical Association from researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, indicate that the proportion of U.S. adults with hypertension who were aware they had hypertension and had controlled blood pressure declined between 2013-2014 and 2017-2018.

Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, said Paul Muntner, Ph.D., professor in the Department of Epidemiology, UAB School of Public Health, and first author of the study. More cardiovascular disease events have been attributed to hypertension than any other modifiable risk factor in the United States. The decline in blood pressure control rates observed in the current study could make the longstanding efforts to fight heart disease and stroke the leading causes of death in the United States even more challenging.

Nearly 108 million adults have hypertension, and according to the current study, less than half have their blood pressure under control.

Muntners team found that:

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Myth: High Blood Pressure Cant Be Prevented

Facts about hypertension suggest that the chronic medical condition can be prevented in time by implementing some crucial steps. These include keeping your weight at a healthy level, incorporating more whole foods full of nutrients into the diet, eliminating calorie-dense junk food thats high in sugar and salt, limiting sodium intake, limiting alcohol consumption, working out daily, and quitting smoking.

Facts About Hypertension In The United States

In 2017, the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association published new guidelines for hypertension management and defined high hypertension as a blood pressure at or above 130/80 mmHg. Stage 2 hypertension is defined as a blood pressure at or above 140/90 mmHg. 1

Blood Pressure Categories

or 90 mmHg
  • Having hypertension puts you at risk for heart disease and stroke, which are leading causes of death in the United States.2
  • In 2019, more than half a million deaths in the United States had hypertension as a primary or contributing cause.2
  • Nearly half of adults in the United States have hypertension, defined as a systolic blood pressure greater than 130 mmHg or a diastolic blood pressure greater than 80 mmHg or are taking medication for hypertension.3
  • Only about 1 in 4 adults with hypertension have their condition under control.3
  • About half of adults with uncontrolled hypertension have a blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher. This includes 37 million U.S. adults. 3
  • About 34 million adults who are recommended to take medication may need it to be prescribed and to start taking it. Almost two out of three of this group have a blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher.3
  • High blood pressure was a primary or contributing cause of death for 516,955 people in the United States in 2019.2
  • High blood pressure costs the United States about $131 billion each year, averaged over 12 years from 2003 to 2014.4

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What Are Common Symptoms Of Hypertension

Hypertension is called a “silent killer”. Most people with hypertension are unaware of the problem because it may have no warning signs or symptoms. For this reason, it is essential that blood pressure is measured regularly.

When symptoms do occur, they can include early morning headaches, nosebleeds, irregular heart rhythms, vision changes, and buzzing in the ears. Severe hypertension can cause fatigue, nausea, vomiting, confusion, anxiety, chest pain, and muscle tremors.

The only way to detect hypertension is to have a health professional measure blood pressure. Having blood pressure measured is quick and painless. Although individuals can measure their own blood pressure using automated devices, an evaluation by a health professional is important for assessment of risk and associated conditions.

Were Differences Seen In The Prevalence Of Hypertension Among Adults By Education Level During 20172018

African

For all adults aged 18 and over, level of education was associated with the prevalence of hypertension. College graduates had a significantly lower prevalence of hypertension than adults with high school education or less or more than high school or some college .

Among men, the prevalence of hypertension was highest among adults with more than high school or some college education compared with adults having a high school education or less or college graduates . The observed difference between men with a high school education or less and those with a college degree was not statistically significant.

Among women, hypertension prevalence was significantly lower among college graduates than among those with a high school education or less or more than high school or some college .

Men had significantly higher prevalence of hypertension than women across all categories of education.

Figure 3. Age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension among adults aged 18 and over, by sex and education: United States, 20172018

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