Tuesday, May 14, 2024
HomeEditor PicksWhat Affects Your Blood Pressure

What Affects Your Blood Pressure

How High Is Too High

Does The Sun Affect Blood Pressure? | Earth Lab

High blood pressure, known as hypertension, is considered to be 130 millimeters of mercury or higher for the systolic blood pressure or 80 and higher for diastolic pressure, according to the American Heart Association. Often called the “silent killer” because there are sometimes no obvious symptoms until it is too late, high blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart attacks and strokes.

High altitude is defined as 8,000 to 12,000 feet above sea level, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Very high altitude is defined as 12,000 to 18,000 feet, and altitudes above 18,000 feet are considered “extremely high.” For context, New York City has an altitude of 33 feet; Denver is at 5,000 feet; and Arizona’s Grand Canyon is 6,600 feet above sea level.

Several groups of medical experts have issued recommendations on the risks of higher altitudes for people with existing heart conditions. They report that altitudes that are 8,200 feet above sea level may increase blood pressure and heart rate and that people with preexisting heart disease may be even more vulnerable in the face of these changes. Their recommendations were published in the May 2018 issue of the European Heart Journal.

“Both the sympathetic nervous system and renin-angiotensin system can be activated at high altitudes,” says George Bakris, MD, a professor of medicine and director of the American Heart Association Comprehensive Hypertension Center at the University of Chicago Medicine.

Insufficient Sleep Affects More Than Your Energy

From your family life to your work life to everything in between, it can be a legitimate challenge to get enough sleep every night. In fact, 11% of adults admit to not getting enough sleep nightly . But before you reach for another cup of coffee or an energy drink, you might want to consider thinking of more long-term solutions to your sleep patterns, or else your blood pressure could be at risk.

A 2009 sleep study published in Archives of Internal Medicine examined the potential effects of insufficient sleep on blood pressure. After measuring the length and quality of sleep and blood pressure of hundreds of study participants, researchers noted higher levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in participants with shorter sleep duration. The study also found higher blood pressure readings to be more consistent in men than women.

Treatment Of Secondary Hypertension

The cause of the high blood pressure is treated if possible. Treating kidney disease can sometimes return blood pressure to normal or at least lower it, so that antihypertensive therapy is more effective. A narrowed artery to the kidney may be widened by inserting a balloon-tipped catheter and inflating the balloon . Or the narrowed part of the artery supplying the kidney can be bypassed. Often such surgery cures high blood pressure. Tumors that cause high blood pressure, such as a pheochromocytoma, usually can be removed surgically.

If people still have high blood pressure despite taking three different drugs, doctors in Europe sometimes insert a catheter into the artery to each kidney. The catheter produces radio waves that destroy the sympathetic nerves along the renal arteries. The first studies on this procedure appeared to show that it lowered blood pressure. However, a much larger and more complete study did not show that the procedure worked. This treatment is not available in the United States.

Another treatment for high blood pressure is called pacemaker therapy. An electrode is implanted in the neck, where it stimulates certain nerve endings that help regulate blood pressure. This treatment is not available in the United States, but it is available in Europe and Canada.

Don’t Miss: How Do I Get My Blood Pressure Up

Prognosis Of High Blood Pressure

Untreated high blood pressure increases a person’s risk of developing heart disease , kidney failure, or stroke at an early age. High blood pressure is the most important risk factor for stroke. It is also one of the three most important risk factors for heart attack that a person can modify .

Treatment that lowers high blood pressure greatly decreases the risk of stroke and heart failure. Such treatment may also decrease the risk of a heart attack, although not as dramatically.

Smoking Tobacco Raises Blood Pressure But Does Cannabis Have The Same Effect

How High Blood Pressure Affects Your Body

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a disease that affects 1 in 3 American adults. With this fact in mind, and the number of states who are legalizing recreational and medicinal cannabis, many people are asking what kind of effect that cannabis has on blood pressure. Smoking tobacco raises blood pressure, but does cannabis have the same effect? The answer largely depends on who you ask or which study you find to read.

Read Also: Does Alcohol Affect Your Blood Pressure

Does Cbd Lower Blood Pressure

The short-term, acute effects of cannabis on blood pressure are well documented and understood. Immediately following the consumption of marijuana, there has been a noted spike in blood pressure and heart rate. However, the long-term effects of cannabis use on blood pressure are not as well understood. Faulty studies and the fact that lab results tested on animals sometimes do not transfer well to humans are factors in the lack of long-term studies on the long-term effects of cannabis on blood pressure.

Additionally, after that initial increase in blood pressure, there is also a noted a hypotensive effect and relaxed heart rate. Anecdotally, many people report cannabis as a means of maintaining healthy blood pressure, something that is backed by some research studies.

High Blood Pressure In Kids And Teens

Too many kids and teens have high blood pressure and other risk factors for heart disease and stroke. Using the updated 2017 American Academy of Pediatrics Clinical Practice Guidelineexternal icon, a CDC study shows that about 1 in 25 youth ages 12 to 19 have hypertension, and 1 in 10 has elevated blood pressure . High blood pressure is more common in youth with obesity.

High blood pressure in youth is linked to health problems later in life. The good news is that you can both help prevent high blood pressure and manage it.

Don’t Miss: Is High Blood Pressure Considered Heart Disease

Regulating Blood Pressure: The Renin

The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is a series of reactions designed to help regulate blood pressure.

  • When blood pressure falls , the kidneys release the enzyme renin into the bloodstream.

  • Renin splits angiotensinogen, a large protein that circulates in the bloodstream, into pieces. One piece is angiotensin I.

  • Angiotensin I, which is relatively inactive, is split into pieces by angiotensin-converting enzyme . One piece is angiotensin II, a hormone, which is very active.

  • Angiotensin II causes the muscular walls of small arteries to constrict, increasing blood pressure. Angiotensin II also triggers the release of the hormone aldosterone from the adrenal glands and vasopressin from the pituitary gland.

  • Aldosterone and vasopressin cause the kidneys to retain sodium . Aldosterone also causes the kidneys to excrete potassium. The increased sodium causes water to be retained, thus increasing blood volume and blood pressure.

Other Treatment To Reduce Risk Of Heart Disease

A Doctor Explains How Medications Like Ibuprofen Can Affect Your Blood Pressure

There are some natural health products that you may hear about to lower the risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. It is not clear if some vitamins, minerals, and multivitamins can lower risk. But it is clear that some natural health products, such as vitamin E and beta-carotene, do not lower risk.footnote 3

Talk with your doctor about the best ways to lower your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. Tell your doctor if you plan to use natural health products. Your doctor can make sure they are safe for you.

You May Like: How Low Is To Low Blood Pressure

Dangers Of Low Blood Pressure

Low blood pressure may not be discussed as often as high blood pressure, but it should be addressed, as prolonged low blood pressure can negatively affect your organs.

A certain amount of blood pressure is needed to maintain blood flow to the organs, says Dr. Wong. The blood supplies oxygen and nutrients to these organs. If the blood pressure is too low, an adequate blood supply cannot get to these organs.

If left untreated, low blood pressure can increase your risk of fainting, heart attack and organ damage, adds Dr. Desai.

Chris Evans Reveals His Wife Gave Him A Blood Pressure Monitor

We use your sign-up to provide content in ways you’ve consented to and to improve our understanding of you. This may include adverts from us and 3rd parties based on our understanding. You can unsubscribe at any time. More info

If youre worried about the numbers on your blood pressure reading, or you want to prevent high blood pressure in the future, your diet is a good place to start. Eating the right foods can have an impact on your blood pressure, but first youll need to know what to avoid.

Read Also: What Is S Normal Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure Can Lead To Alzheimer’s Disease In Some Men Study Shows

It is normal for blood pressure to vary throughout the day, with lower readings at night, known as “dipping.” According to the latest study, which involved observational data from 1,000 Swedish men followed for up to 24 years, older men who suffer from higher blood pressure at night than in daytimesomething researchers refer to as “reverse dipping”may be at a higher risk for Alzheimer’s disease.

“The night is a critical period for brain health. For example, in animals, it has previously been shown that the brain clears out waste products during sleep, and that this clearance is compromised by abnormal blood pressure patterns. Since the night also represents a critical time window for human brain health, we examined whether too high blood pressure at night, as seen in reverse dipping, is associated with a higher dementia risk in older men,” Christian Benedict, Associate Professor at Uppsala University’s Department of Neuroscience, and senior author of the study, explained in a press release accompanying the study.

“The risk of getting a dementia diagnosis was 1.64 times higher among men with reverse dipping compared to those with normal dipping. Reverse dipping mainly increased the risk of Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia,” Xiao Tan, postdoctoral fellow from the same department and first author of this research, added.;

RELATED:Sure Signs You May Be Getting Parkinson’s, According to Science

Lower Your Blood Pressure With Spinach Hello Heart

Negative Effects Of High Blood Pressure On Your Body

The S in Spinach is for Superfoods that can lower your blood pressureYou’ve read about foods that burn fat, foods to help you sleep, or foods to help with your focus. There are some foods, however, that scientists say can contribute to reducing high blood pressure . In fact because of its high potassium content, spinach can negate the effects of sodium (one of the big dietary no-nos for those with hypertension.

Low potassium intake may be just as big of a risk factor in developing high blood pressure as a high sodium intake. No, not the green stuff of a plain, leafy salad that you dont like, but rather new and different forms of popsicles, quiches, pastas, pesto and more.Wondrous Blueberry & Spinach Shake Mind-Blowing Spinach Dip Amazing Basil & Walnut PestoTerrific Parmesan Spinach CakeFabulous Spinach Quiche Wonderful Spinach Pasta Salad Awesome Green PopsicleSources: .

You May Like: What Can Cause High Blood Pressure

What Is Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Each time your heart beats, it pumps blood into the arteries. Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood. This is called systolic pressure. When your heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure falls. This is called diastolic pressure.

Your blood pressure reading uses these two numbers. Usually the systolic number comes before or above the diastolic number. For example, 120/80 means a systolic of 120 and a diastolic of 80.

Common Causes Of High Blood Pressure Spikes

Some people with high blood pressure will experience sharp rises in their blood pressure. These spikes, which typically last only a short period of time, are also known as sudden high blood pressure. These are some possible causes:

  • Caffeine;
  • Certain medications or combinations of medications
  • Chronic kidney disease

Also Check: How To Check High Blood Pressure

Normal Blood Pressure For Men And Women By Age

A normal blood pressure reading indicates that the heart and blood vessels are not working too hard pushing blood and that the blood is not exerting too much pressure on the walls of the vessels, says Aseem Desai, M.D., a cardiologist at Providence Mission Hospital in Southern California. Recent data from the American Heart Association suggests the optimal normal reading for adults over 20 is lower than 120/80 mmHgVirani S, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics 2021 update . American Heart Association Journal. 2021;143:e254-e743. .

Dr. Desai notes blood pressure can vary depending on a persons age, gender, race and ethnicity, but it should still fall within the general normal range. While numbers lower than 120/80 are generally considered normal, Dr. Desai adds, The target blood pressure for treatment varies depending on age and associated co-morbidities .

Previously, guidance for normal blood pressure for adults varied by gender and specific age, but new data states normal blood pressure for adults as a collective is less than 120/80 mmHgHigh Blood Pressure Symptoms and Causes. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed 7/16/2021. .

When it comes to race and ethnicity, Dr. Desai says certain groups have a higher rate of hypertension. Non-Hispanic Black people have a significantly higher rate of hypertension compared to non-Hispanic white people, and Hispanics and non-Hispanic Asians have lower rates than the first two, he says.

Eye Stye Or Infection

Does Drinking Alcohol Affect Your Blood Pressure

63 People Surveyed Reported This SymptomAccording to the University of Miami, its possible that coronavirus could cause an eye infection, such as conjunctivitis, also known as pinkeye. The American Academy of Ophthalmology concludes that styes are caused by bacterial infections, which could explain the relationship to this eye condition and the virus.;

Recommended Reading: What Happens If You Take Too Many Blood Pressure Pills

Hypertension Diet: This Spinach And Celery Juice May Help In

A balanced diet replete with fibres and essential minerals is advised to be followed by patients already suffering from high blood pressure or showing symptoms of it. Spinach and celery juice is a potent wellness-inducing juice that possesses all the characteristics that fit the bill of an ideal hypertension diet.

The green leafy vegetable also contains a good amount of dietary magnesium that is again beneficial for maintaining the blood pressure level. The green veggie contains a compound called 3-n-butylphthalide that restrains rapid fluctuations in blood pressure and also reduces bad cholesterol in the body.

Drink this healthful juice regularly and feel the difference in your overall health as well as see your blood pressure level stabilising. .

What If Just The First Blood Pressure Number Is High

For older people, often the first number is 130 or higher, but the second number is less than 80. This problem is called isolated systolic hypertension, which is due to age-related stiffening of the major arteries. It is the most common form of high blood pressure in older people and can lead to serious health problems in addition to shortness of breath during light physical activity, lightheadedness upon standing too fast, and falls. Isolated systolic hypertension is treated in the same way as regular high blood pressure but may require more than one type of blood pressure medication. If your doctor determines that your systolic pressure is above a normal level for your age, ask how you can lower it.

Also Check: What Are The Causes Of Low Blood Pressure

How Is High Blood Pressure Diagnosed

High blood pressure is diagnosed with a blood pressure monitor. This is a common test for all doctor visits. A nurse will place a band around your arm. The band is attached to a small pump and a meter. He or she will squeeze the pump. It will feel tight around your arm. Then he or she will stop and watch the meter. This provides the nurse with 2 numbers that make up your blood pressure. The top number is your systolic reading . The bottom number is your diastolic reading . You may also hear the doctor or nurse say a blood pressure is 120 over 80.

  • Normal blood pressure is less than 120 on top and less than 80 on the bottom.
  • Prehypertension levels are 120-139 on top and 80-89 on the bottom.
  • High blood pressure, stage 1 is 140-159 on top and 90-99 on the bottom.
  • High blood pressure, stage 2 is 160 or higher on top and 100 and over on the bottom.

The higher your blood pressure is, the more often you need to have it checked. After age 18, have your blood pressure checked at least once every two years. Do it more often if you have had high blood pressure in the past.

What Should Your Blood Pressure Be

Is It Normal For Blood Pressure To Fluctuate

Ideally, we should all have a blood pressure reading between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg.

Most people in the UK have blood pressures higher than the ideal, but below the usual cut-off for diagnosing high blood pressure somewhere between 120/80mmHg and 140/90mmHg. If youre in this range, you could develop high blood pressure in the future. Taking steps to lower your blood pressure will keep your risk of health problems down.

Recommended Reading: Does Low Blood Pressure Cause Shortness Of Breath


Popular Articles