Criteria For Considering Studies For This Review
Types of studies
All randomised controlled trials that compared alcohol to placebo or similar tasting nonalcoholic beverages were included in this systematic review.
Types of participants
We included adult participants of both sexes without any restriction on their health condition.
Types of interventions
Types of outcome measures
- Change in resting seated systolic and diastolic blood pressures at three different time periods after alcohol intake: early intermediate and late
- Change in resting heart rate at the same time periods as blood pressure outcomes above
- Change in resting mean arterial pressure at the same time periods as blood pressure outcomes above
Types Of Alcohol And Their Effect On Cholesterol
According to the American Addiction Center , drinking more than moderate amounts of wine, beer, or liquor such as vodka, whisky, and gin can have a detrimental effect on a persons health, including causing elevated cholesterol levels.
In addition, the type of alcohol a person consumes can have different effects on the body. The following sections will look at these types and their effects in more detail.
Many Factors Drive Blood Pressure
But he pointed out that this is an observational study, so it cant show for certain the health benefits or harms of moderate drinking.
For that, youd need a randomized controlled trial, in which groups of people are assigned to drink a certain amount of alcohol each day for months or years.
For example, people who drink lightly or abstain may also tend to eat healthy, exercise regularly, and get enough sleep all of which can lower their blood pressure.
Grayver said the type of alcohol that people drink could also make a difference. Red wine, for instance, is thought to have anti-inflammatory effects on the body, which may also impact heart health.
And what you eat with your glass of beer or wine or shot of whiskey can affect your blood pressure, too.
All of the pretzels, peanuts, and other snacks that go along with alcohol consumption have a significant amount of salt in them, said Grayver. That in itself could be driving the hypertension.
Even news stories that talk about the heart benefits of alcohol may play a part.
It is possible that once someone receives a diagnosis of hypertension, they may then be incentivized to drink alcohol in moderate amounts, said Marcus.
In a 2015 study, Marcus and his colleagues found that people who believed that alcohol is heart healthy were more likely to drink more, compared to those who thought otherwise.
Read Also: Where Can I Get My Blood Pressure Taken
Reduce Your Risk Of Hypertension
Hypertension is one of the most preventable alcohol-related problems. Drinking less alcohol lowers your blood pressure.
Reducing the amount you drink can help you lose weight. This is also good for heart health.
Hypertension causes most problems when its left untreated. Get your blood pressure checked regularly so that you can get treatment if you need it.
Your GP or pharmacist can check your blood pressure.
Guidelines For Drinking Alcohol For Blood Pressure Regulation
Alcohol consumption guidelines define moderate drinking as one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men. Within this range, alcohol use may give certain groups of people beneficial effects, including lower blood pressure. However, the prevention of alcoholism is important. People who are more at risk of alcohol misuse, including those with a personal or family history of alcoholism or substance use disorder, shouldnt start drinking because they hope it will help with hypertension. Doctors can help people figure out other medication or lifestyle changes that can help people manage their blood pressure levels.
Anyone who is worried about hypertension and has trouble limiting their drinking to moderate levels can talk to a substance abuse counselor to help determine if their drinking has developed into alcohol misuse. Rehab facilities can help people develop the tools they need to live a sober, healthy lifestyle.
You May Like: Can Apple Watch Do Blood Pressure
/7 The Best Alcoholic Drinks For Blood Pressure
When it comes to blood pressure, not all alcoholic drinks are created equal. In fact, some alcoholic drinks can actually help to lower blood pressure, while others can raise it. So, if youre looking to keep your blood pressure in check, its important to choose your drinks carefully.
One of the best alcoholic drinks for blood pressure is red wine. Red wine is rich in antioxidants, which can help to lower blood pressure. In addition, red wine can also help to reduce stress and anxiety, both of which can contribute to high blood pressure.
If youre not a fan of red wine, there are other alcoholic drinks that can also help to lower blood pressure. These include white wine, beer, and champagne. Like red wine, all of these drinks are rich in antioxidants. In addition, white wine and champagne contain less alcohol than beer, making them a better choice if youre looking to keep your blood pressure in check.
So, there you have it: the best alcoholic drinks for blood pressure. If youre looking to keep your blood pressure in check, make sure to choose your drinks carefully. Red wine, white wine, beer, and champagne are all great choices.
Can You Drink Alcohol With Blood Pressure Medicine
Most prescription and over-the-counter medications come with a label warning against alcohol use. But how does alcohol affect blood pressure medication in particular?
First, it is important to know that each hypertension drug works to lower levels in a unique way.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors regulate blood pressure hormones.
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers, or ARBs, control blood pressure-related hormones, similarly to ACE inhibitors.
- Calcium channel blockers help the lining of the blood vessel walls expand, which sees a drop in blood pressure levels.
- Thiazide diuretics remove excess fluid to regulate the flow of blood.
Certain high blood pressure cases may require a regimen of more than one of these medications. The use of alcohol may hinder the effectiveness of the drugs.
Alcohol combined with the chemical properties of blood pressure medication may cause severe drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, and muscle weakness.
Recommended Reading: What’s Good To Lower High Blood Pressure
Understanding Blood Pressure Levels
Research participants provided details about their drinking habits via a questionnaire that was part of the Centers for Disease Control and Preventionâs National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
The study defined moderate drinkers as those having 7 to 13 drinks per week, while heavy drinkers downed 14 or more drinks on a weekly basis.
Investigators measured blood pressure during in-home interviews and at a mobile examination center. Pressure is gauged in millimeters of mercury, or mmHg. The top number represents how much pressure is pushing against artery walls as the heart beats, and the bottom number represents pressure when the heart rests between beats. Readings were categorized according to American Heart Association standards.
Based on their findings, study authors determined that the likelihood of having elevated high blood pressure was on average 19 percent greater among moderate drinkers and 44 percent higher for the heavy drinkers compared with those who never drank.
Compared with the never-drinkers, moderate drinkers had 53 percent higher odds of having stage 1 hypertension and 100 percent greater odds for stage 2 hypertension.
Risks were higher for heavy drinkers they faced a 69 percent greater chance of developing stage 1 hypertension and 140 percent greater chance for stage 2 hypertension compared with those who totally avoid alcohol.
Recommended Reading: Can You Take Your Blood Pressure Too Much
Which Will Make Me More Drunk
This comes down to personal alcohol tolerance, how you drink the spirits, whether youre mixing with other alcoholic drinks, and how much you drink. Of course, the more you drink, the drunker you will get. Different bodies will react differently to each drink. Some will have a higher tolerance to vodka than others. Therefore, its not easy to say which will make you drunker. It also depends on how you drink your chosen spirit. Its a common misconception that drinking a spirit with a mixer is less likely to make you drunk than if you drink it neat because the drink will still have the same alcohol content. That being said, if you drink vodka or tequila alongside other drinks and spirits, this will make you drunker faster. Mixing drinks is a gateway to a certified hangover and drunk mess.
Also Check: Coarctation Of Aorta Blood Pressure
Alcohol And Blood Pressure: What Are The Effects
Disclaimer: Results are not guaranteed*** and may vary from person to person***.
The relationship between the long-term use of alcohol and blood pressure levels is a major medical concern as alcoholic drinks are commonly consumed by most cultures in the world, and one in eight American adults suffer from alcohol abuse.
Chronic alcohol consumption can have damaging effects on the liver, digestive tract, and vascular system, which leads to elevated blood pressure levels. This increases the risk for serious cardiovascular issues, like heart attack and stroke.
The link between alcohol and blood pressure levels was first documented in the early 1900s. Dozens of studies since then have worked to establish the physiological mechanism behind the relationship, and research is still ongoing.
In This Article:
How To Drink Less Alcohol
Start by working out how much you drink in the average week and see if its under 14 units. Then follow these tips to help you have a good night out, or in, without having to worry about your blood pressure.
Even if you are drinking less than the recommended limit, you can still benefit from drinking a little less.
Here are some ideas to help you cut back:
- Try low-alcohol options there are a number of lower-strength beers and wines on the market.
- Choose bottles instead of pints and small glasses instead of large ones.
- Check the label many drinksâ labels now tell you how many units they contain, and how many calories.
- Make your drinks last longer add mixers or water.
- Alternate with soft drinks drink a soft drink or a glass of water between alcoholic drinks.
- Avoid bar snacks like crisps and peanuts the added salt will make you want to drink more, and will raise your blood pressure.
- Have alcohol free days spread your drinks out throughout the week, and have days off.
- Buy a measure If you drink at home, use a measure so that you know how much you are drinking.
- Watch out for large wine glasses and tumblers and for generous serving staff refilling your drinks without asking!
Drinking less is good for your heart, liver, blood pressure and your risk of stroke, and it could improve your mood and help you sleep better so you wake up full of beans.
Read Also: What To Do When Blood Pressure Drops
How Do Certain Types Of Drinking Habits Affect Blood Pressure
Does alcohol cause high blood pressure? Yes. Above we discussed why this happens, but do certain types of drinking habits affect you worse than others? There are three classifications of drinking, including binge drinking, moderate drinking, and heavy drinking.
- Binge drinking: Binge drinking refers to when someone consumes five or more drinks in about two hours for men and when women consume four or more drinks in that same time period.
- Moderate drinking: Moderate drinking refers to men consuming two drinks or fewer per day and women that consume one drink or fewer per day. In some cases, moderate drinking is not dangerous. However, those predisposed to high blood pressure can have even moderate alcohol use adversely affect their blood pressure.
- Heavy alcohol use: Heavy alcohol use refers to men drinking four drinks on any given day, or more than 14 drinks per week, and women that consume three drinks per day or seven per week.
If youre predisposed to heart problems, any amount of alcohol can affect your blood pressure. You should speak to your doctor first before consuming alcohol.
Will Quitting Alcohol Lower Blood Pressure
Alcohol is the cause of high blood pressure in about 16% of adults in the United States. This increases the risk of strokes, heart attacks and other dangerous health conditions. While blood pressure medicine can help to reduce blood pressure, combining blood pressure medicine with alcohol creates its own set of risks and is generally not recommended.
Quitting alcohol will typically help lower blood pressure by a significant amount, often within days or weeks of stopping drinking. It is important that people struggling to give up drinking seek help from medical professionals to oversee the withdrawal and recovery process. Those trying to recover from alcohol misuse often experience setbacks or relapses. Once a person starts drinking again, their hypertension will return.
Recommended Reading: What Is The Best Blood Pressure Monitor
Does Alcohol Protect Against Heart Problems
Some studies have shown an association between moderate alcohol intake and a lower risk of dying from heart disease.
But its hard to determine cause and effect from those studies, says McEvoy. Perhaps people who sip red wine have higher incomes, which tend to be associated with more education and greater access to healthier foods. Similarly, red wine drinkers might be more likely to eat a heart-healthy diet.
There is some evidence that moderate amounts of alcohol might help to slightly raise levels of good HDL cholesterol. Researchers have also suggested that red wine, in particular, might protect the heart, thanks to the antioxidants it contains.
But you dont have to pop a cork to reap those benefits. Exercise can also boost HDL cholesterol levels, and antioxidants can be found in other foods, such as fruits, vegetables and grape juice
Alcohol And Heart Rate: Other Risks
Alcohol can also make your heart beat faster, regardless of how much alcohol you consume, says Guy L. Mintz, MD, director of cardiovascular health and lipidology at Northwell Healths Sandra Atlas Bass Heart Hospital in Manhasset, New York. Your heart rate, or pulse, is the number of times your heart beats per minute. Elevated heart rate may travel with elevated blood pressure, he says.
This increase in heart rate can also lead to holiday heart syndrome, Dr. Mintz says. In the 24 to 48 hours after you drink, you can experience irregular heartbeats. This was first noticed in emergency rooms after New Years Eve, a night known for celebratory and sometimes excessive alcohol consumption.
There are other ways that drinking can affect your heart. It has calories, and calories can cause weight gain and obesity, which will lead to high blood pressure, Dr. Mintz says.
To lower any risks associated with overdoing it, the AHA suggests limiting your alcohol consumption to no more than:
- 2 drinks a day for men.
- 1 drink a day for women.
This is considered moderate alcohol intake. And what you drink matters. Wine and spirits like whiskey or vodka are OK, Dr. Mintz says. Anything but beer is OK, as beer comes with a salt load that can cause high blood pressure and is high in calories.
Read Also: How To Take Orthostatic Blood Pressure
How Long Does Alcohol Stay In Your Blood
The length of time alcohol stays in your system can vary, as Blood Alcohol Content is influenced by a number of factors, including:
- Age, weight, and biological sex
- Health especially liver conditions and any medications you may be taking
- How much you drank, what type of alcohol you drank, and whether you drank on an empty stomach
Alcohol can be detected by a blood test for up to 12 hours.
Alcohol And Blood Pressure: Final Thoughts
While alcohol may have a profound effect on blood pressure levels, the results of long-term use will vary among individuals and depend on any existing health conditions they may have.
Scientists believe that alcohol increases the force of blood against the artery walls due to its effects on the central nervous system, baroreceptors, sympathetic nervous system, renin-angiotensin system, stress hormones, and endothelial cells. The exact cause behind this is yet to be determined.
Hypertension may be managed and reduced by following a healthy lifestyle, diet, and limiting alcohol intake.
Recommended Reading: Does Altitude Affect Blood Pressure
Spirits Beer And Wine: Is There A Difference
There is a significant amount of data to show that drinking large quantities of alcohol, whether it is a spirits, beer, or wine, can increase the risk of developing hypertension.
It has also become clear over time that no amount of alcohol is considered safe for consumption, regardless of the type of alcohol.
Snacks That Lower Your Blood Pressure
Over 100 million Americans have high blood pressure. Here are three snacks that can help you lower it.
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is an epidemic facing the United States. More than 100 million Americans have high blood pressure, and the condition played a primary or contributing factor in nearly 500,000 deaths in 2018. The most effective way to combat this problem is to make lifestyle changes, including a healthier diet. This level of commitment may frighten away some people who could really use the help, though.
Luckily, there are delicious snacks that can help you lower your blood pressure. These treats are easily added to your diet without calling for a difficult recipe or hard-to-find ingredients. While they wonât completely eradicate your blood pressure issues on their own, theyâre easy, tasty options that can make a difference.
You May Like: Does Claritin D Raise Blood Pressure
Also Check: How To Avoid High Blood Pressure
Can You Drink Beer With High Blood Pressure
Yes, you can drink beer with high blood pressure however, you should drink in moderation. Beer is high in calories and carbohydrates, which can increase blood pressure. Additionally, beer can contain high levels of alcohol, which can also increase blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure, it is important to drink in moderation and to avoid drinking too much alcohol.