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What Causes Sudden Increase In Blood Pressure

Home Remedies And Lifestyle Changes

5 Causes Of Sudden High Blood Pressure

The following can help normalize blood pressure:

  • Stopping smoking: Smoking harms the arteries and can cause high blood pressure.
  • Eating more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein: Reduce or eliminate added sugars and processed foods.
  • Getting regular exercise: The American Heart Association recommends moderate-intensity exertion, such as walking at a quick pace. A person should do this for 30 minutes per day, at least five days a week.
  • Limiting alcohol consumption: Women should drink no more than one drink per day and men no more than two drinks per day. Drinking more than this can raise blood pressure.
  • Finding healthy ways to lower stress: Meditation, deep breathing exercises, guided imagery, and other techniques to manage stress can help to avoid spikes in blood pressure.
  • Consuming less sodium: Excessively salty foods can cause sharp increases in blood pressure.
  • Reducing the intake of caffeine: Caffeinated drinks can cause temporary spikes in blood pressure, and may make anxiety worse.

Consult a doctor for personalized guidance.

What Are The Classifications Of Blood Pressure

Blood pressure can come in a few stages:

  • Low blood pressure is below 90/60 mm HG, but the term hypotension is sometimes used to refer to a relative decrease in blood pressure. Fatigue, nausea, and fainting are not uncommon at this stage.
  • Normal blood pressure is generally anything below 120/80 mm HG
  • Elevated blood pressure represents blood pressure ranging between 120-129 mm HG systole and below 80 mm Hg diastole.
  • Stage 1 represents blood pressure ranging between 130-139 mm Hg systole and 80-89 mm Hg diastole.
  • Stage 2 represents a blood pressure ranging 140+ mm Hg systole and 90+ mm Hg diastole
  • A hypertensive Crisis is blood pressure above 180/120 mm Hg. If this is your blood pressure call 911.
  • Blood pressure is one health metric that tends to slowly increase with age, but it is also highly correlated with heart disease and stroke when it reaches the stage of hypertension, i.e. high blood pressure.

    Knowing if you have high blood pressure during a resting state is an important first step for understanding your heart health, and it can help you identify sudden changes.

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    How Is Blood Pressure Measured

    Blood pressure is defined as the amount of pressure that is exerted on the artery walls as blood moves through them. It is measured in millimetres of mercury, or mmHg.

    A more detailed explanation is provided below.

    Two measurements are used to measure blood pressure:

    • Systolic pressure – the measure of blood pressure exerted when your heart beats and forces blood around your body.
    • Diastolic pressure – the measure of blood pressure when your heart is resting in between beats.

    Both the systolic and diastolic pressures are measured in millimetres of mercury .

    The figures are usually represented with the systolic pressure first, followed by the diastolic pressure. Therefore, if your GP says that your blood pressure is ‘120 over 80’, or 120/80mmHg, they mean that you have a systolic pressure of 120mmHg and a diastolic pressure of 80mmHg.

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    When To Call A Doctor

    If you experience a sudden blood pressure increase, you may need medical assistance. Here are a few reasons to call 911:

    If your blood pressure isn’t too high but doesn’t return to normal for more than several hours, you need to speak to a doctor. A temporary blood pressure spike could signal the beginning of a more serious hypertension problem.

    The first doctor you should contact is your primary care physician. They may refer you to a cardiologist.

    High Blood Pressure And Hypertensive Crisis

    Hypertension: Symptoms and Causes

    If your blood pressure readings exceed 180/120 mm Hg and you have any symptoms such as headache, chest pain, nausea/vomiting or dizziness, call 911 immediately. If you dont have any symptoms, wait five minutes and then test your blood pressure again.

    Also contact your health care professional immediately if your readings are still unusually high and you arent experiencing any other symptoms of target organ damage such as chest pain, shortness of breath, back pain, numbness/weakness, change in vision or difficulty speaking. You could be experiencing a hypertensive crisis.

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    Common Causes Of High Blood Pressure Spikes

    Some people with high blood pressure will experience sharp rises in their blood pressure. These spikes, which typically last only a short period of time, are also known as sudden high blood pressure. These are some possible causes:

    • Certain medications or combinations of medications
    • Chronic kidney disease

    Do I Have High Blood Pressure

    Anyone can have high blood pressure. Some medical conditions, such as metabolic syndrome, kidney disease, and thyroid problems, can cause high blood pressure. Some people have a greater chance of having it because of things they cant change. These are:

    • Age. The chance of having high blood pressure increases as you get older, especially isolated systolic hypertension.
    • Gender. Before age 55, men have a greater chance of having high blood pressure. Women are more likely to have high blood pressure after menopause.
    • Family history. High blood pressure tends to run in some families.
    • Race. African Americans are at increased risk for high blood pressure.

    High blood pressure often has no signs or symptoms, but routine checks of your blood pressure will help detect increasing levels. If your blood pressure reading is high at two or more check-ups, the doctor may also ask you to measure your blood pressure at home.

    There are important considerations for older adults in deciding whether to start treatment for high blood pressure if it is above 130/80, including other health conditions and overall fitness. Your doctor may work with you to find a blood pressure target that is best for your well-being and may suggest exercise, changes in your diet, and medications.

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    Check Your Blood Sugar

    Diabetes and high blood sugar levels may lead to low blood pressure. Volume depletion can occur from the diuresis that follows high blood sugar levels. This is when your body tries to expel glucose via increased urination.

    Consider using a home monitor to check your blood sugar levels throughout the day. See your doctor to find out the best diet, exercise, and medication plan to help balance blood sugar levels.

    Natural High Blood Pressure Remedies

    What causes high blood pressure?

    There are also natural remedies to interject into your daily lifestyle to regulate blood pressure and prevent cases of sudden high blood pressure. Be sure to discuss the use of the following products with your doctor in addition to your health regimen.

    1. Celery

    To prevent a blockage of blood vessels, consume celery daily. It contains phytochemicals that relax the muscles, allowing a smoother blood flow.

    2. Fenugreek Seeds

    This spice has fiber to help maintain blood pressure levels. Boil one to two spoonsful of seeds in water to create a paste. Consume one tablespoon per day.

    3. Lemons

    Drink daily as a source of vitamin C, magnesium, and potassium to lower blood pressure.

    5. Garlic

    One of natures best immune system boosters, garlic is a blood thinner. Use at least four grams per day.

    A person with high blood pressure is at risk for various health conditions including heart disease. If your high blood pressure numbers rise suddenly, it could indicate an underlying condition that requires immediate medical attention. There are certain medications and hormonal changes that can stimulate an increase in pressure without causing alarm.

    If you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, talk to your doctor about lifestyle changes and natural remedies in addition to your prescribed health regimen.


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    Can High Blood Pressure Be Prevented Or Avoided

    If your high blood pressure is caused by lifestyle factors, you can take steps to reduce your risk:

    • Reduce your alcohol consumption.
    • Learn relaxation methods.

    If your high blood pressure is caused by disease or the medicine you take, talk to your doctor. He or she may be able to prescribe a different medicine. Additionally, treating any underlying disease can help reduce your high blood pressure.

    Facts About High Blood Pressure

    There’s a good reason why every doctor’s appointment starts with a blood pressure check. While one in three American adults has high blood pressure, about 20% of people are unaware that they have it because it is largely symptomless.

    In fact, most people find out they have high blood pressure during a routine office visit.

    Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as the heart pumps blood. High blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension, is when that force is too high and begins harming the body. If left untreated, it willl eventually cause damage to the heart and blood vessels.

    Your blood pressure is measured in two numbers: The top systolic blood pressure measures the force pushing against artery walls when the heart is contracting. The bottom diastolic blood pressure measures pressure in the arteries when the heart is resting between beats.

    Normal blood pressure levels are 120 mmHg/80 mmHg or lower. At risk levels are 120-139 mmHg/80-89 mmHg. Readings of 140 mmHg/90 mmHg or higher are defined as high blood pressure.

    Here are six other things you should know about high blood pressure.

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    What Are The Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure

    Most people who have high blood pressure do not have symptoms. This is why its sometimes called the silent killer. It is very important to have your blood pressure checked regularly.

    Some people experience headaches, nosebleeds, or shortness of breath with high blood pressure. However, those symptoms can mimic many other things . Usually, these symptoms occur once blood pressure has reached a dangerously high level over a period of time.

    Stiffening Of The Arteries

    Acute Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema

    Some physicians consider the most authentic form of pseudo-resistant hypertension to be caused by stiffened brachial arteries that prevent the blood pressure cuff from obtaining a true reading. If your doctor suspects this form of pseudo-resistant hypertension, they might consider other ways to measure your blood pressure.

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    Why Does Blood Pressure Change

    Remember that there are three factors controlling blood pressure at any one time:

    • The force and rate of the heart contraction.
    • The diameter of the blood vessels throughout the body.
    • The volume and even viscosity of the blood.

    It is further influenced by hormones, electrolytes and nerve impulses. The activity of all these factors collectively determine blood pressure. The entire system is complex and the body has to cater for changes to keep your body working optimally. Your blood pressure changes when you sit down, stand up or lie flat. It drops when you sleep soundly. It can fluctuate in hot or cold weather.

    Here are 6 common reasons for a sudden increase in blood pressure.

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    Your Best Protection Is Knowledge Management And Prevention

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    How Can You Bring Your Blood Pressure Down Quickly

    Here are some simple recommendations:

  • Exercise most days of the week. Exercise is the most effective way to lower your blood pressure.
  • Consume a low-sodium diet. Too much sodium causes blood pressure to rise.
  • Limit alcohol intake to no more than 1 to 2 drinks per day.
  • Make stress reduction a priority.
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    Give Yourself The Gift Of A Healthy Lifestyle

    What is High Blood Pressure? (HealthSketch)

    Engage in physical activity regularly. Do what you enjoy walk, swim, ride a bike or jog to get your muscles going. Letting go of the tension in your body will help you feel better.

    Limit alcohol, dont overeat and dont smoke.

    Relaxing for short periods during your workday, at night and on weekends may help lower your blood pressure. Another great stress-buster is to get regular physical activity.

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    How Is Resistant Hypertension Treated

    Your doctor may order tests for kidney disease or the presence of excess hormones that may be leading to high blood pressure. Imaging studies to check the adrenal gland, or for narrowing of arteries, may be needed. You may be asked to undergo a sleep study to check for sleep apnea. In addition, since hypothyroidism can contribute to high blood pressure, you may also be tested for thyroid disease.

    Lifestyle changes can help improve blood pressure control. These measures include:

    In about 40% of resistant hypertension cases, medications arent working because they are not being taken correctly. In order for the drugs to work, they must be taken every day at the correct dose, and the correct number of times per day.

    If you have trouble taking your medicine correctly, talk to your doctor. He or she may ask about side effects that may keep you from taking all of your doses. If you have side effects from one drug, your doctor may prescribe another one. You may be switched to medicines that you only need to take once a day. Do not stop taking any medications before speaking to your doctor.

    If you have been taking your medication correctly and still have resistant hypertension, your doctor may choose to add another medication. The most common classes of blood pressure medicines are diuretics, calcium channel blockers, and ACE inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers .

    Learning To Cope With Stress Can Help

    Stress and hypertension have often been linked, but researchers are still looking into a direct relationship between the two. Still, the best advice to hypertensive patients: Try to relax.

    When you are stressed, your body sends stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol into the bloodstream. These hormones create a temporary spike in blood pressure, causing your heart to beat faster and blood vessels to narrow. When the stressful situation is over, blood pressure goes back to its normal level.

    Chronic stress, however, may cause your body to stay in this highly-charged state longer than natural.

    While stress itself may or may not affect blood pressure, how you cope with stress does. For instance, overeating, smoking and drinking alcohol in response to stressful situations are direct causes of sustained high blood pressure. On the flip side, healthier coping mechanisms like exercising, practicing yoga and meditating can all help lower blood pressure.

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    Temporarily High Blood Pressure

    Temporarily high blood pressure is a blood pressure spike. For example, you suddenly start experiencing symptoms of high blood pressure that can include:

    You measure the blood pressure and see 140/90mm Hg. When you measure it again in half an hour, the blood pressure goes down to 120/80.

    It’s worth noting that many people don’t experience any symptoms of high blood pressure. So you may not even notice a spike when it occurs.

    Although sudden increases in blood pressure might seem concerning, this may not always be the case. If it’s connected to a certain activity or situation and resolution of the problem normalizes the blood pressure, you may not need medical assistance.

    Labile hypertension

    If blood pressure fluctuations aren’t within normal range and occur regularly, you may have labile hypertension.

    Labile hypertension causes your blood pressure to fluctuate from high to normal frequently. While there isn’t any treatment designed specifically for labile hypertension, medical professionals usually focus on helping patients avoid triggers.

    Causes Of Sudden Increase In Blood Pressure

    Hypertension and its causes

    Blood pressure is a measure of the force that your blood exerts on your arteries as it flows through. A variety of things can cause a sudden rise in your blood pressure — and when blood pressure is repeatedly increased, you also increase your risk of developing chronic hypertension, which can lead to hardening of the arteries, heart disease and stroke.

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    Why You Should Pay Attention To Your Blood Pressure

    Hypertension can wreak havoc on the body before alarming symptoms appear. Thats why regular checkups are a must.

    Sometimes, Dr. Lioudis asks patients to check their blood pressure at different times of the day. Its the only way to spot masked hypertension. People with this condition have normal blood pressure in the doctors office, but high blood pressure at home.

    We cant do anything for hypertension unless we know it exists, he says. Thats why we advise everyone to have their pressures checked at least yearly. They should also talk with their family doctor about stress, heart or kidney disease, family history of high blood pressure and any other potential contributing factor. By working together, you can bring your blood pressure under control.

    This article originally appeared in Cleveland Clinic Heart Advisor.

    High Blood Pressure Threatens Your Health And Quality Of Life

    In most cases, damage done from high blood pressure occurs over time. Left undetected or uncontrolled, high blood pressure can lead to:

    • Heart attack High blood pressure damages arteries that can become blocked and prevent blood flow to the heart muscle.
    • Stroke High blood pressure can cause blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the brain to become blocked or burst.
    • Heart failure The increased workload from high blood pressure can cause the heart to enlarge and fail to supply blood to the body.
    • Kidney disease or failure High blood pressure can damage the arteries around the kidneys and interfere with their ability to filter blood effectively.
    • Vision loss High blood pressure can strain or damage blood vessels in the eyes.
    • Sexual dysfunction High blood pressure can lead to erectile dysfunction in men and may contribute to lower libido in women.
    • Angina Over time, high blood pressure can lead to heart disease including microvascular disease . Angina, or chest pain, is a common symptom.
    • Peripheral artery disease Atherosclerosis caused by high blood pressure can lead to narrowed arteries in the legs, arms, stomach and head, causing pain or fatigue.

    Download the consequences of HBP infographic: English | Spanish | Traditional Chinese

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