HomeFactsAre There Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure

Are There Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure

How Blood Pressure Is Measured

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Hypertension can be mild, moderate or severe. Your blood pressure is naturally higher when you are exerting yourself, such as during physical exercise. It is only a concern if your blood pressure is high when you are at rest, because this means your heart is overworked and your arteries have extra stress in their walls.Blood pressure readings are a combination of two measurements. These are:

  • Systolic is the highest pressure against the arteries as the heart pumps. The normal systolic pressure is usually between 110 and 130mmHg.
  • Diastolic is the pressure against the arteries as the heart relaxes and fills with blood. The normal diastolic pressure is usually between 70 and 80mmHg.

What If Lifestyle Changes Dont Help Lower My Blood Pressure

If diet, exercise and other lifestyle changes dont work to lower your blood pressure, your healthcare provider prescribe hypertension medications. Your provider will take into account these drugs effect on other conditions you may have, such as heart or kidney disease, and other drugs youre taking.

You might need to take hypertension medicine from now on. Be sure to follow your providers dosing directions exactly.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/20/2020.

References

What Medications Are Used To Treat High Blood Pressure

Four classes of high blood pressure medications are considered first line when starting treatment. Sometimes other medications are coupled with these first-line drugs to better control your high blood pressure. First-line drug pressure lowering medications are:

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors block the production the angiotensin II hormone, which the body naturally uses to control blood pressure. When angiotensin II is blocked, your blood vessels dont narrow. Examples: lisinopril , enalapril , captopril .
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers block this same hormone from binding with receptors in the blood vessels. ARBs work the same way as ACE inhibitors to keep blood vessels from narrowing. Examples: metoprolol , valsartan , losartan .
  • Calcium channel blockers prevent calcium from entering the muscle cells of your heart and blood vessels, allowing these vessels to relax. Examples: amlodipine , nifedipine , diltiazem .
  • Diuretics flush excess sodium from your body, reducing the amount of fluid in your blood. Diuretics are often used with other high blood pressure medicines, sometimes in one combined pill. Examples: indapamide, hydrochlorothiazide, chlorothiazide.

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Signs And Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, happens when there is a rapid flow of the blood through the bodys arteries and veins. When someone suffers from high blood pressure, there is a chance of constriction and lack of blood flow caused by the hardening of the blood vessels.

Managing high blood pressure requires mindfulness of lifestyle and constant medical check-ups with a physician to regulate the flow of the blood in the body. A blood pressure level between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg is considered to be ideal. Anything below or over this can be categorized as low or high blood pressure.

Here are the 10 most common signs and symptoms of high blood pressure.

What Tests Diagnose High Blood Pressure

Pin on High Blood Pressure Self

Blood pressure is measured with a blood pressure cuff . This may be done using a stethoscope and a cuff and gauge or by an automatic machine. It is a routine part of the physical examination and one of the vital signs often recorded for a patient visit. Other vital signs include pulse rate, respiratory rate , temperature, and weight.

The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology recommend specific steps to measure blood pressure in a medical setting.

  • The patient should relax in a chair for at least five minutes, with the back supported and feet on the floor
  • The patient should not have had caffeine, tobacco products or participated in any exercise for at least 30 minutes before the blood pressure check
  • The patient should not talk for the five minute rest period
  • The blood pressure cuff should not be placed over clothing instead it should be placed directly on the skin
  • The arm being tested should be supported or be rested on a table or arm rest
  • The cuff being used should be the appropriate size for the patient
  • Blood pressure should be checked at least two times, separated by 1-2 minutes, and an average taken to estimate that personâs blood pressure
  • For the first visit for a blood pressure check, the blood pressure reading should be measured in both arms and the higher of the two readings should be used to decide upon treatment

Other studies may be considered depending upon the individual patient’s needs

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Buying And Maintaining A Monitor

When you first get a blood pressure device, check its accuracy. Do this by comparing its readings with those you get at the doctor’s office. Ask your doctor or nurse to watch you use your device to make sure that you are doing it right and that it works right. It’s a good idea to have your device checked every year at the doctor’s office.

The size of the blood pressure cuff and where you place it can greatly affect how accurate your device is. If the cuff is too small or too large, the results won’t be right. You may have to measure your arm and choose a monitor that comes in the right size.

A monitor that measures blood pressure in your arm is recommended for most people. Blood pressure monitors used on the wrist aren’t as reliable as those that use arm cuffs. Wrist monitors should be used only by people who can’t use arm cuffs for physical reasons. And devices that use finger monitors aren’t recommended at all.footnote 1

Check your blood pressure cuff often. Make sure all of the parts of your monitor are in good condition. Even a small hole or crack in the tubing can lead to inaccurate results.

The Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure In Pregnant Women

After you already know the common symptoms that will occur in both men and women. In the article below you will find the symptoms of high blood pressure that could occur to the pregnant women.

  • Preeclampsia
  • The next symptom that also could be the indication that youre having the high blood pressure is the preeclampsia.So, preeclampsia is the condition that occurs when youre pregnant and you have the high blood pressure and you have the excessive protein in the urine. This preeclampsia commonly occurs during the 20 weeks of pregnancy.Whenever you have the history of high blood pressure, you could possibly develop this disease whenever youre pregnant.

    It is really important to notice that the preeclampsia doesnt have any apparent symptoms, but, whenever youre experiencing something like persistent headache, sudden weight gain, blurred vision, and abnormal swelling in hands and feet during the pregnancy, you need to seek the medical attention as soon as possible. The mild preeclampsia could be treated by the following things:

    • Bed rest.
    • Taking the medications to lower the blood pressure.
  • Premature Infant
  • Cesarean Delivery
    • The labor has stalled.
    • The mother have the infections, such as genital herpes or HIV.
    • The mothers birth canal is obstructed.
    • The mother have the previous uterine surgery.
    • The baby at the high risk in the health.

    How to Treat and Prevent High Blood Pressure

  • Eating Healthy Foods
  • Having the Exercise
  • Taking Medications
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    Why Is Your Blood Pressure Important

    Your blood pressure is important because if it is too high, it affects the blood flow to your organs. Over the years, this increases your chances of developing heart disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, eye disease, erectile dysfunction and other conditions.

    Very occasionally, people with very high blood pressure are at serious risk of problems and need urgent treatment in hospital to reduce the risk of a stroke or heart attack.

    Current Australian guidelines recommend that if you have persistent raised blood pressure over 160/100 mmHg, but are at low risk of having a stroke or heart attack, you should talk to your doctor or specialist about taking medication to lower your blood pressure.

    For further information, visit the Choosing Wisely Australia website.

    If youre over 18, you should have your blood pressure checked by your doctor at least every 2 years, or more often if advised.

    Treating High Blood Pressure

    High Blood Pressure Symptoms

    Treatment for high blood pressure will depend on your blood pressure levels and your associated risk of developing a cardiovascular disease, such as a heart attack or stroke.

    There are seven main risk factors for developing a cardiovascular disease. These are:

    • age
    • smoking
    • obesity
    • having a high level of cholesterol in your blood
    • having a family history of cardiovascular disease .

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    What Should I Do If I Have High Blood Pressure

    If you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, you and your healthcare provider will talk about your target blood pressure. Your provider may suggest that you:

    • Check your own blood pressure regularly with a home blood pressure monitor. These electronic monitors are available at most pharmacies or online.
    • Work on controlling anger and managing stress.

    How To Lower Blood Pressure: Exercise

    Exercise is another lifestyle factor that can lower blood pressure. It’s recommended that adults get about 150 minutes per week of moderate exercise. This can include cardiovascular exercises such as walking, bicycling, gardening, or other aerobic exercise. Muscle-strengthening activities are recommended at least twice a week and stretching makes you more flexible and helps prevent injuries. Check with your doctor if you are currently inactive and want to start exercising. Make exercise fun by doing activities you enjoy or find an exercise buddy to join you!

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    Having A Blood Pressure Test

    A stethoscope, arm cuff, pump and dial was normally used to measure your blood pressure, but automatic devices with sensors and digital displays are commonly used nowadays.

    It’s best to sit down with your back supported and legs uncrossed for at least 5 minutes before the test.

    You’ll usually need to roll up your sleeves or remove any long-sleeved clothing so the cuff can be placed around your upper arm.

    Try to relax and avoid talking while the test is carried out.

    During the test:

    • you hold out one of your arms so it’s at the same level as your heart, and the cuff is placed around it your arm should be supported in this position with a cushion or the arm of a chair, for example
    • the cuff is pumped up to restrict the blood flow in your arm this squeezing may feel a bit uncomfortable, but only lasts a few seconds
    • the pressure in the cuff is slowly released and detectors sense vibrations in your arteries a doctor will use a stethoscope to detect these if your blood pressure is measured manually
    • the pressure in the cuff is recorded at 2 points as the blood flow starts to return to your arm these measurements are used to give your blood pressure reading

    You can usually find out your result straight away, either from the healthcare professional carrying out the test or on the digital display.

    Quitting Smoking And Limiting Alcohol

    Get Rid of High Blood Pressure Easily

    If youre a smoker and have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, your doctor will most likely advise you to quit. The chemicals in tobacco smoke can damage the bodys tissues and harden blood vessel walls.

    If you regularly consume too much alcohol or have an alcohol dependency, seek help to reduce the amount you drink or stop altogether. Drinking alcohol in excess can raise blood pressure.

    If you have risk factors for hypertension, you can take steps now to lower your risk for the condition and its complications.

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    How To Lower Blood Pressure: The Dash Diet

    Dietary changes can help control blood pressure. One diet designed to promote lower blood pressure is known as the DASH diet. This stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. The DASH diet recommends eating more vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, poultry, nuts, and fish. Red meat, saturated fats, and sweets should be avoided. The DASH diet can lower blood pressure within 2 weeks. It can also help to reduce your intake of sodium. The following is the DASH diet suggested daily intake:

    • 7-8 servings of grain
    • 2-3 servings of low-fat or fat-free dairy products
    • 2-3 servings of fats and oils
    • 2 or less servings of meat, poultry, and fish

    Who Is Affected By High Blood Pressure

    Approximately 1 in 3, more than 100 million, American adults have high blood pressure. But only half of those people have their condition under control. Many people develop high blood pressure when they are in their late 30s or early 40s, and it occurs more frequently as people age. However, because of the obesity epidemic, more and more children are also developing high blood pressure.

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    Protecting Your Cardiovascular Health

    The good news is that your doctor can identify high blood pressure with regular checks. If found, it can be successfully treated using a combination of medication and heart-healthy lifestyle changesor sometimes, lifestyle changes alone.

    Making small changes to your habits, such as eating a lower sodium diet, getting regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, limiting alcohol intake, and quitting smoking can lower your blood pressure by 10-20 mmHg or more. And, if your doctor has prescribed blood pressure medication, it is important that you take it as directed.

    Taking high blood pressure seriously and following your doctors treatment instructions can lower your risks of serious complications and make a big difference in your overall health.

    If you have uncontrolled high blood pressure or think you might be at risk, schedule an appointment with your primary care provider today.

    Secondary Hypertension Treatment Options

    What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

    If your doctor discovers an underlying issue causing your hypertension, treatment will focus on that other condition. For example, if a medicine youve started taking is causing increased blood pressure, your doctor will try other medicines that dont have this side effect.

    Sometimes, hypertension is persistent despite treatment for the underlying cause. In this case, your doctor may work with you to develop lifestyle changes and prescribe medications to help reduce your blood pressure.

    Treatment plans for hypertension often evolve. What worked at first may become less useful over time. Your doctor will continue to work with you to refine your treatment.

    Many people go through a trial-and-error phase with blood pressure medications. You may need to try different medicines until you find one or a combination of medications that work for you.

    Some of the medications used to treat hypertension include:

    Healthy lifestyle changes can help you control the factors that cause hypertension. Here are some of the most common home remedies.

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    High Blood Pressure: 6 Signs And Symptoms Of Hypertension

    • 20 Sep 2018

    High blood pressure or hypertension is often associated with few or no symptoms. Theres a reason why hypertension is called the silent killer because many people suffer from it without facing any symptoms.

    However, just because high blood pressure is often symptomless doesnt mean its harmless. In fact, uncontrolled high blood pressure, or hypertension, causes damage to your arteries, especially those in the kidneys and eyes. High blood pressure is also a risk factor for stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular problems.

    If you are worried that you could be suffering from hypertension, here are 6 signs that you need to watch out for.

    What Is Calcium Channel Blockers Medication

    Calcium channel blockers are drugs that reduce the movement of calcium into cells of the heart and vessels. This reduces the strength of heart contractions and relaxes the arteries, allowing them to remain more open, lowering blood pressure. Side effects of calcium channel blockers can include heart palpitations, dizziness, swollen ankles, and constipation. Calcium channel blockers can be taken alone or with other blood pressure medications. They should be taken with food or milk. Because of potential interactions, those taking calcium channel blockers should avoid alcohol and grapefruit juice.

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    What’s The Impact Of Having High Blood Pressure

    High blood pressure is a major risk factor for developing cardiovascular diseases such as:

    • coronary heart disease – where the main arteries that supply your heart become clogged up with plaques
    • strokes – a serious condition where the blood supply to your brain is interrupted
    • heart attacks – a serious condition where the blood supply to part of your heart is blocked

    Diabetes and kidney disease are also linked to high blood pressure complications.

    Tips For Living With High Blood Pressure Patient

    Do autoimmune diseases cause high blood pressure?

    Hypertension often lasts a lifetime, so following a careful management plan is essential. Keeping your blood pressure under control can lower your risk of heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure and can improve your quality of life. The following are tips to manage your blood pressure:

    • Take blood pressure medicine, if prescribed to you
    • Increase physical activity
    • Maintain a healthy weight

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    Medicines For High Blood Pressure

    Several types of medicine can be used to help control high blood pressure.

    Many people need to take a combination of different medicines.

    • if you’re under 55 years of age you’ll usually be offered an ACE inhibitor or an angiotensin-2 receptor blocker
    • if you’re aged 55 or older, or you’re any age and of African or Caribbean origin you’ll usually be offered a calcium channel blocker

    You may need to take blood pressure medicine for the rest of your life. But your doctor might be able to reduce or stop your treatment if your blood pressure stays under control for several years.

    It’s really important to take your medicine as directed. If you miss doses, it will not work as well.

    The medicine will not necessarily make you feel any different, but this does not mean it’s not working.

    Medicines used to treat high blood pressure can have side effects, but most people do not get any.

    If you do get side effects, do not stop taking your medicine. Talk to your doctor, who may advise changing your medicine.

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