Monday, May 27, 2024
HomeageBlood Pressure Chart For Age And Gender

Blood Pressure Chart For Age And Gender

What Foods And Drinks Should Be Avoided While Following A Dash Diet

Blood Pressure Chart for your AGE

Foods and drinks to avoid when following the DASH diet include high sugar, high fat snacks, and foods high in salt such as:

  • Prepackaged pasta and rice dishes
  • Coldcuts and cured meats
  • Breads and rolls
  • Sauces and gravies

Using a salt substitute made with potassium not only works as a substitute in cooking and on the table, but the additional potassium can help lower blood pressure. People who are on blood pressure medications that increase potassium should ask their doctors to help them monitor the blood level of potassium while they are making changes.

What about red meat and heart disease?

While not specifically recommended, grass-fed beef and buffalo would fit within these parameters. Grass-fed beef has a very different composition than conventional grain-fed beef. Grass-fed beef is high in omega-3s and is more similar to fish, nutritionally. Grain-fed red meat is high in omega 6s and saturated fat, both of which are promote inflammation and contribute to heart disease, high blood pressure, and obesity. Red meat that is not grass-fed is not allowed.

How Can One Prevent Or Treat Low Blood Pressure

The following methods can help you to treat or prevent low blood pressure

1. Minimizing or stopping alcohol intake

2. Consuming a lot of fluids

3. Consuming a lot of non-alcoholic drinks

4. Ensure that you remain hydrated when the weather is hot or when there is an outbreak of viral flu

5. Be sure to exercise often. Doing this helps to enhance blood circulation

6. sitting or standing very fast

7. When getting out of the bed, start by sitting upright for a while before getting out of the bed.

8. lifting heavy objects.

9. Make sure that you do not strain while passing stools

10. Do not expose yourself to hot water for a prolonged period. This hot water includes hot water springs, sauna, and spas

11. Do not stand still for long

12. Eat little meals more frequently to prevent post-meal dizziness

13. Avoid the use of over-the-counter medications without informing your physician

A physician could prescribe the following remedies to treat low blood pressure

1. midodrine

What Are The Common Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure

While some people may experience some symptoms of high blood pressure, others may have no signs at all. For this reason, hypertension has been perceived as a silent killer. If hypertension persists for long, it can lead to severe complications such as stroke, kidney disease, or even heart attack. Some people may experience the following signs of high blood pressure

1. Headache

4. Pulsations in the head or neck

5. Blurred vision

6. Shortness of breath

You May Like: Is 150 Blood Pressure High

The Blood Pressure Chart

Once you know your numbers, you can use the blood pressure chart to see what they mean and if your blood pressure is in the healthy range. The chart is suitable for adults of any age, as the cut-off point for diagnosing high blood pressure doesnt change with age.

How to use the blood pressure chart

Simply find your top number on the left side of the chart and your bottom number on the bottom. Where the two lines meet is your blood pressure.

How Does Blood Pressure Work Blood pressure according to age

During relaxation of the heart , the left ventricle of the heart fills with blood returning from the lungs. The left ventricle then contracts and pumps blood into the arteries . The blood pressure in the arteries during contraction of the ventricle is higher because blood is being actively ejected into the arteries. It is lower during relaxation of the ventricle when no blood is being ejected into the arteries. The pulse we feel when we place our fingers over an artery is caused by the contraction of the left ventricle and the ejection of blood.

Blood pressure is determined by two factors:

  • The amount of blood pumped by the left ventricle of the heart into the arteries, and
  • The resistance to the flow of blood caused by the walls of the arterioles .
  • Generally, blood pressure tends to be higher if more blood is pumped into the arteries or if the arterioles are narrow and/or stiff. Narrow and/or stiff arterioles, by resisting the flow of blood, increase blood pressure. Arterioles may become narrower when the muscles surrounding them contract. Arterioles may become stiff and narrow when older patients develop atherosclerosis.

    Blood pressure tends to be lower if less blood is being pumped into the arteries or if the arterioles are larger and more flexible and, therefore, have less resistance to the flow of blood.

    The heart rate increases and the forcefulness of the heart’s contractions increase, pumping more blood through the heart.

    You May Like: Is 160 High Blood Pressure

    What Do The Readings Mean

    As a general guide:

    140/90mmHg or over you may have high blood pressureMost doctors use 140/90mmHg as the cut off for point for diagnosing . This is the point where your risk of serious health problems goes up. They might prescribe and advise you to make changes to your to bring your blood pressure down. 120/80mmHg up to 140/90mmHg pre-high blood pressureAlso called high-normal blood pressure. This is not high blood pressure, but it is a little higher than it should be and means you could go on to develop high blood pressure. See how you can make to lower it. 90/60mmHg up to 120/80mmHg ideal blood pressureAlso called normal blood pressure. Your blood pressure reading is healthy. At this level you have a much lower risk of heart disease and stroke. Following a will help you to keep it in the healthy range. 90/60mmHg or lower you may have low blood pressure usually isnt a problem, but it can sometimes make you feel faint or dizzy or could be a sign of another health problem.

    The video below explains how your blood pressure numbers are linked to the risk of stroke and other disease.

    What Is Normal Bp

    Do you feel dizzy and lightheaded after waking up, have problems viewing things due to blurred vision, or sometimes your nose bleeds, or you go through constant headaches and blackouts? If thats the case, you might be dealing with abnormal blood pressure . Trust us, and please dont ignore these signs. Our body shows certain signs or symptoms when something is not right internally or externally in the body. If you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms, its wise to analyze your body and consult a doctor.

    Blood pressure is the pressure of blood circulation from the heart to the entire body. The Average blood pressure differs for different sex, and it tends to rise with age. You need to understand how blood pressure affects your health and how to combat those challenges. According to the American Heart Association, normal blood pressure for adults is less than 120/80 mm Hg.

    You May Like: Does Keto Lower Blood Pressure

    Checking Your Blood Pressure At Home

    Checking your blood pressure at home is easy as long as you have the right equipment. All you need is a quality Blood Pressure Monitor Kit and a few spare minutes.

  • Start by wrapping the cuff around your arm and ensure you have a snug fit. Depending on the device youre using, you may wrap it around your wrist or upper arm. Be sure to look at the instruction manual to find out.
  • Keep still while the device takes your reading. Place your feet flat on the floor and rest your arm on a flat surface. Make sure the arm cuff stays at heart level.
  • Take several readings at least one minute apart and write each down. Talk to your doctor for help understanding any chances you may see.
  • For more detailed instructions, take a look at our in-depth guide. Also, try to keep these tips in mind:

    What Is The Best Treatment For High Blood Pressure

    Blood Pressure Chart Of Male And Female According To Age

    Depending on your high blood pressure, lifestyle changes and/or medications may be helpful in maintaining a healthy and normal blood pressure. Some common lifestyle recommendations include:

  • Eat heart-healthy foods, particularly those low in sodium
  • Abstain from alcohol or limit your use
  • Get and stay active
  • Recommended Reading: What Can I Take For High Blood Pressure

    Physical Activity And High Blood Pressure

    It is important to be physically active every day, such as taking a walk after dinner. The more activity and exercise a person does the more benefits the body receives. As we exercise, the muscles demand oxygen, and nitric oxide is released to relax the blood vessels to allow more blood and oxygen in. Over time, this becomes a permanent effect, lowering blood pressure even when you are not physically active. For blood pressure and weight loss, physical activity should include regular walking, dancing, swimming, cycling, or other cardiovascular activity, but it also should include some strength training. Building more muscle through weight or strength training has the best effect on weight loss and increasing metabolism.3

    What Do The Numbers Mean

    When a healthcare professional takes your blood pressure, its expressed as a measurement with two numbers, one number on top and one on the bottom , like a fraction. For example, 120/80 mm Hg.

    Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury. Thats what the mm/Hg stands for. Heres what the numbers mean:

    • Your systolic pressure is the pressure of the blood in your arteries when your heart contracts or beats.
    • Your diastolic pressure is the pressure of the blood in your arteries between beats, when your heart relaxes.

    Both numbers are important in determining the state of your heart health.

    Numbers greater than the ideal range may be a sign that your heart is working too hard to pump blood to the rest of your body.

    For a normal reading, your blood pressure needs to show:

    • a systolic pressure thats above 90 mm Hg and less than 120 mm Hg, and
    • a diastolic pressure thats between 60 mm Hg and less than 80 mm Hg

    The American Heart Association considers blood pressure to be within the normal range when both your systolic and diastolic numbers are in these ranges.

    If youre in the normal range, no medical intervention is needed. However, its important to maintain a healthy lifestyle and moderate weight to help prevent high blood pressure from developing.

    You may need to be even more mindful of your lifestyle if high blood pressure runs in your family.

    You May Like: How To Know If Your Blood Pressure Is Low

    Why Should Blood Pressure Be Kept In Check

    Higher than normal blood pressure can result in heart attack, heart failure, and increase the risk of stroke, kidney failure, and aneurysmal rupture.

    • Elevated blood pressure: It refers to blood pressure readings consistently ranging from 120 to 129 mmHg systolic and less than 80 mmHg diastolic. People with elevated blood pressure are at the risk of developing high blood pressure unless steps are taken to control it. This puts them at the risk of developing sudden blindness, peripheral arterial diseases, and dementia.
    • Hypertension stage I: In this condition, blood pressure readings consistently range from 130 to 139 mmHg systolic or 80 to 89 mmHg diastolic. Doctors may prescribe blood pressure medications and some lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of heart disease, kidney ailments, and stroke.
    • Hypertension stage II: Refers to blood pressure readings of 140/90 mmHg or higher. The doctors may prescribe a combination of both medications and lifestyle changes.
    • Hypertensive crisis: It refers to an emergency where the blood pressure suddenly exceeds 180/120 mmHg. Contact the physician immediately if the following symptoms are experienced:

    Understanding Blood Pressure What Is It

    Blood Pressure Chart By Age And Gender

    Your blood pressure reading is a measurement of the pressure your blood applies across your artery walls. Your blood pressure changes a little throughout the day when you relax, your blood pressure lowers, and when you move around or feel stress, your blood pressure increases. But high blood pressure over a long term is associated with serious health risks, including heart, brain, and eye damage. Likewise, chronic low blood pressure sometimes comes with health risks. Fortunately, there are helpful ways to manage both high and low blood pressure.

    Read Also: What Can I Do To Lower My Blood Pressure Immediately

    How To Use Blood Pressure Calculator

    Please input your systolic and diastolic values into the tool provided below. For more information on diastolic and systolic values check out these useful links:Diastolic blood pressure

    Calculate blood pressureUse the tool provided below to find out whether your indicated values are considered low, normal or high. This tool may be used for orientation purposes only.

    How To Get Accurate Blood Pressure Readings At Home

    Your medical provider may recommend taking your blood pressure at home because of white coat hypertension. White coat hypertension means the stress of being at the doctors office raises your blood pressure.

    The American Heart Association recommends the following guidelines for measuring blood pressure:

    Don’t Miss: Can High Blood Pressure Cause Neck Pain

    Blood Pressure And Age

    As you age, your body undergoes physiological changes. Your blood vessels that are made up of smooth, flexible muscles start hardening in your late teen years or 20s. The changes are most often noticeable by the time you reach your 30s. Arteries become hardened and narrow due to the accumulation of plaque in the inner walls of your blood vessels. Plaque comprises the deposits of cholesterol, other fatty substances from your food, calcium, cellular debris, and a mesh-like protein called fibrin.

    When blood flows through flexible arteries, they constrict and widen as necessary which keeps your blood pressure levels stable. However, as your arteries become more rigid due to aging, they stop relaxing and widening, which results in your blood exerting too much pressure as it flows through them. As you age, the plaque in your blood vessels also grows larger in size, which further narrows your arteries. This results in your blood pressure rising gradually as you grow older.

    In some cases, blood flow and circulation get worse with age. This happens because your heart slowly becomes weak and tired and is unable to pump blood around your body efficiently. This leads to your blood pressure levels falling, especially when changing your posture or shifting your position too quickly. Postural hypotension is observed in about 10 to 20% of people over the age of 65 years.

    What Causes Low Blood Pressure

    How to interpret BP chart in pediatric age group? MedEd series 1

    There are many possible reasons for low blood pressure, according to both Dr. Wong and Dr. Desai, including:

    • Heart problems like heart failure or low heart rates
    • Endocrine problems, such as parathyroid disease, adrenal insufficiency or hypoglycemia
    • Side effects of medications for high blood pressure, prostatic hypertrophy, Parkinsons disease, depression and erectile dysfunction
    • Massive weight loss
    • Rapid heart rate

    Read Also: Does Motrin Raise Blood Pressure

    Chart: What Are Normal Blood Pressure Ranges By Age For Women

    As with men, women’s average BP ranges also vary by age group. The age group with the lowest normal blood pressure reading is different between the systolic and diastolic reading. Women ages 21-25 have the lowest normal diastolic reading , while women age 31-35 have the lowest normal systolic reading . The age group with the highest normal blood pressure reading is women ages 56-60 .

    How Is High Blood Pressure Treated

    Treatment for hypertension depends on how high your blood pressure is, as well as your lifestyle and risk factors.

    For elevated blood pressure, the goal is to keep your blood pressure from developing into clinical hypertension. No medications are necessary at this stage. Your doctor may recommend:

    For stage 1 hypertension, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes as mentioned above, as well as:

    • reducing your sodium intake
    • finding healthy ways to manage your stress
    • medication, if your blood pressure doesnt improve after 1 month of lifestyle changes

    For stage 2 hypertension, the typical treatment, in addition to a healthier lifestyle, is medication. Your doctor may prescribe one or more of the following medications to help lower your blood pressure:

    A hypertensive crisis requires immediate treatment. Medications may be given orally or intravenously .

    The most for a hypertensive crisis include:

    Recommended Reading: What Does It Mean If You Have Low Blood Pressure

    How To Lower Blood Pressure With Life

    If you have high blood pressure, you most likely have unidentified physical, chemical, or emotional stress. Unless you solve each one, your blood pressure may remain high. The following remedies can help lower blood pressure by reducing or eliminating each type of stress.

  • Exercise: The American Heart Association recommends 40 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise, three to four times a week . Why does exercise help blood pressure? Exercise helps improve your circulation and makes your arteries more flexible.
  • Lose weight or maintain a weight. Losing five percent of body weight is enough to reduce your blood pressure significantly . Generally, you may lower blood pressure by about 1 mm Hg per kilogram of weight loss. %20of%20weight%20you%20lose.” rel=”nofollow”> 14)
  • Try the Dash Diet. The DASH diet, one of the best non-pharmaceutical treatments for hypertension, can help lower systolic blood pressure up to 11 mmHg . And seven days on a vegan diet is enough to lower systolic blood pressure by 8 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure by 4 mm Hg .
  • Read food labels. Check food labels for hidden sodium, fat, added sugars, and hydrogenated oils.
  • Get motivated to eat less salt. The Yanomamo people, a no-salt culture, have the lowest salt intake ever recorded . Not only do they have zero cases of hypertension, but those in their 50s have the same blood pressure as a 20-year-old!
  • Monitoryour blood pressure at home to see which activities affect your bp.

    Popular Articles