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Blood Pressure High What To Do

How Often Should I Have My Blood Pressure Checked

Blood Pressure: How High is Too High and How Do I Lower it Safely?

Its recommended that Australian adults have their blood pressure checked by their doctor at least every 2 years. Some people may be advised to have more frequent checks for example, people who have been diagnosed with high blood pressure.

People with diabetes should have their blood pressure checked at least every 6 months if its normal and every 3 months if they have high blood pressure.

All Australians aged 45 and over and 30 and over for those of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent are eligible for a regular, 20-minute heart health check with their GP or nurse. This checks your blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Your health professional will be able to assess your risk of having a heart attack or stroke in the next 5 years.

Heart health checks are covered by Medicare and free at practices that bulk bill this service.

How Can I Prevent Or Slow The Progression Of Kidney Disease From High Blood Pressure

The best way to slow or prevent kidney disease from high blood pressure is to take steps to lower your blood pressure. These steps include a combination of medicines and lifestyle changes, such as

  • being physically active
  • managing stress
  • following a healthy diet, including less sodium intake

No matter what the cause of your kidney disease, high blood pressure can make your kidneys worse. If you have kidney disease, you should talk with your health care professional about your individual blood pressure goals and how often you should have your blood pressure checked.

Can You Ever Get Off Blood Pressure Medication

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Also Check: How To Monitor Blood Pressure At Home

Medications For High Blood Pressure

There is a large variety of medicines available to lower and manage high blood pressure. Your doctor may call them antihypertensives, .

These medications do not cure high blood pressure, but they do help manage it. Once you start to take medicines to manage your blood pressure, you may need to take them for the rest of your life. However, the dose of these medicines may change over time.

If you need to take medication, your doctor will advise you on the correct type and dose. Two or more different medications are often needed to manage blood pressure.

Make sure you take your medicines regularly. Some things that may help you remember to take them include:

  • Building them into your daily routine by taking them at the same time each day.
  • Keeping them somewhere that will remind you such as next to your alarm, or with your coffee or tea.
  • Using a weekly pill box.
  • Asking a family member or friend to remind you.
  • Always carrying a list of your medicines and their doses with you.
  • Entering a daily alarm in your mobile phone or download an app to remind you.

Take any blood pressure medicine exactly as prescribed. Dont stop or change your medicine, unless your doctor advises you to.

Try Meditation Or Yoga

High Blood Pressure  Scientific Publishing

Mindfulness and meditation, including transcendental meditation, have long been used and studied as methods to reduce stress.

Yoga, which commonly involves breathing control, posture, and meditation techniques, can also be effective in reducing stress and blood pressure.

A 2013 review on yoga and blood pressure found an average blood pressure decrease of 3.62 mm Hg diastolic and 4.17 mm Hg systolic when compared with those who didnt exercise.

Studies of yoga practices that included breath control, postures, and meditation were nearly twice as effective as yoga practices that didnt include all three of these elements .

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How To Lower My Blood Pressure Immediately

  • How to Lower My Blood Pressure Immediately Center
  • If you face any complications of high blood pressure such as a stroke or heart attack, contact your physician without any delay. Do not attempt home remedies in such grave situations. If you have high blood pressure , without any complications, the first thing to do is to calm down and lie flat. Leave aside the task you were engaged in and slowly start taking deep breaths. This stress-relieving technique helps to bring down the blood pressure to a certain extent. If calming techniques dont help, then consult a physician immediately. Additionally, do not forget to take your antihypertensive medications for blood pressure that is uncontrolled by lifestyle changes and diet.

    Medication is the main option for treating high blood pressure. As blood pressure improves with lifestyle modifications, medications can be withdrawn gradually. Medications in combination with a healthy diet reduce the risk of a stroke, a heart attack, and other complications.

    What Are The Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure

    Most people who have high blood pressure do not have symptoms. This is why its sometimes called the silent killer. It is very important to have your blood pressure checked regularly.

    Some people experience headaches, nosebleeds, or shortness of breath with high blood pressure. However, those symptoms can mimic many other things . Usually, these symptoms occur once blood pressure has reached a dangerously high level over a period of time.

    Also Check: How Do I Know If I Have Low Blood Pressure

    What Is Blood Pressure

    Blood pressure is the force applied by the blood to the inner walls of the arteries. It shows minor fluctuations throughout the daydeclining while relaxing and momentarily increasing while being excited or under stress. An increase in resting blood pressure can scar, stiffen, or harden the arteries.

    The different blood pressure levels and hypertension (high blood pressure is shown in the below chart.

    Table: Blood pressure levels include a normal and high chart

    Blood pressure levels

    When Treatment Is Recommended

    What is High Blood Pressure? (HealthSketch)

    Everyone with high blood pressure is advised to make healthy lifestyle changes.

    Whether medicine is also recommended depends on your blood pressure reading and your risk of developing problems such as heart attacks or strokes.

    Your doctor will carry out some blood and urine tests, and ask questions about your health to determine your risk of other problems:

    • if your blood pressure is consistently above 140/90mmHg , but your risk of other problems is low you’ll be advised to make some changes to your lifestyle
    • if your blood pressure is consistently above 140/90mmHg and your risk of other problems is high you’ll be offered medicine to lower your blood pressure, in addition to lifestyle changes
    • if your blood pressure is consistently above 160/100mmHg you’ll be offered medicine to lower your blood pressure, in addition to lifestyle changes

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    High Blood Pressure And Older Adults

    On this page:

    High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a major health problem that is common in older adults. Your bodys network of blood vessels, known as the vascular system, changes with age. Arteries get stiffer, causing blood pressure to go up. This can be true even for people who have heart-healthy habits and feel just fine. High blood pressure, sometimes called “the silent killer,” often does not cause signs of illness that you can see or feel. Though it affects nearly half of all adults, many may not even be aware they have it.

    If high blood pressure isn’t controlled with lifestyle changes and medication, it can lead to serious health problems, including cardiovascular disease such as heart disease and stroke, vascular dementia, eye problems, and kidney disease. The good news is that blood pressure can be controlled in most people.

    When To See Your Doctor

    If you have a family history of high blood pressure or any of the risk factors or symptoms listed above, make an appointment with your doctor to discuss your blood pressure, says Dr. Mehta. You should also get it checked at least once a year.

    If your systolic blood pressure is greater than or equal to 180 mmHg or your diastolic blood pressure is greater than or equal to 120 mmHg, call your doctor immediately. If, in addition to these blood pressure readings, you have symptoms including headache and chest pain, call 911.

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    Finding And Treating Underlying Causes And Making Lifestyle Changes Will Help

    Many people have high blood pressure in older age, and sometimes its hard to control. That problem is called resistant hypertension blood pressure that stays above a set goal, such as 140/90 millimeters of mercury , despite taking three classes of blood pressure drugs at the highest tolerable doses. The condition is a major risk factor for stroke, heart disease, dementia, and more. What can you do to tame it?

    What Is The Target

    What should I do if I

    Since most cases of hypertension is closely associated with diet and lifestyles, once it backs to normal, this doesnt mean you can ignore it. Still, a balanced diet and lifestyle changes are required to help keep it off in long term.

    Before starting your plan, you need to know the goal of your treatment How far you should decrease the level of your high blood pressure?

    Normal blood pressure is around 120 mm Hg for systolic pressure and 80 mm Hg for diastolic pressure or we can say 120 /80 mm Hg. But some experts recommend keeping lower than 115 /75 mm Hg for best result in lowering the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

    When you check it with a pressure-measuring gauge & an inflatable arm cuff, there are two different numbers you will find the top and bottom numbers. The top number is medically called as systolic number. And the bottom number is called diastolic.

    Also Check: How Do You Know If Blood Pressure Is High

    Popular High Blood Pressure Medication In England

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    What Medications Are Used To Treat High Blood Pressure

    Four classes of high blood pressure medications are considered first line when starting treatment. Sometimes other medications are coupled with these first-line drugs to better control your high blood pressure. First-line, pressure-lowering medications are:

    • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors block the production of the angiotensin II hormone, which the body naturally uses to control blood pressure. When angiotensin II is blocked, your blood vessels dont narrow. Examples: lisinopril , enalapril or captopril.
    • Angiotensin II receptor blockers block this same hormone from binding with receptors in the blood vessels. ARBs work the same way as ACE inhibitors to keep blood vessels from narrowing. Examples: metoprolol , valsartan or losartan.
    • Calcium channel blockers prevent calcium from entering the muscle cells of your heart and blood vessels, allowing these vessels to relax. Examples: amlodipine , nifedipine , diltiazem .
    • Diuretics flush excess sodium from your body, reducing the amount of fluid in your blood. Diuretics are often used with other high blood pressure medicines, sometimes in one combined pill. Examples: indapamide, hydrochlorothiazide or chlorothiazide.

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    Legs Hips And Stomach

    Narrow and blocked arteries in the lower part of your body — especially your legs — can cause pain and cramping. Because it’s affecting blood vessels that aren’t near your heart, your doctor may call this peripheral artery disease . It can make muscles in your legs and hips sore and tired when you walk or climb stairs.

    What Is High Blood Pressure

    How High Is Too High For Blood Pressure? Cardiologist Explains

    Blood pressure is recorded with 2 numbers. The systolic pressure is the force at which your heart pumps blood around your body.

    The diastolic pressure is the resistance to the blood flow in the blood vessels.

    They’re both measured in millimetres of mercury .

    As a general guide:

    • high blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher
    • ideal blood pressure is usually considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg

    Blood pressure readings between 120/80mmHg and 140/90mmHg could mean you’re at risk of developing high blood pressure if you do not take steps to keep your blood pressure under control.

    Everyone’s blood pressure will be slightly different. What’s considered low or high for you may be normal for someone else.

    Read Also: How To Lower Your Diastolic Blood Pressure

    How Does Eating Diet And Nutrition Affect High Blood Pressure And Kidney Disease

    Following a healthy eating plan can help lower your blood pressure. Reducing the amount of sodium in your diet is an important part of any healthy eating plan. Your health care professional may recommend the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension eating plan. DASH focuses on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other foods that are healthy for your heart and lower in sodium, which often comes from salt. The DASH eating plan

    • is low in fat and cholesterol
    • features fat-free or low-fat milk and dairy products, fish, poultry, and nuts
    • suggests less red meat, sweets, added sugars, and sugar-containing beverages
    • is rich in nutrients, protein, and fiber

    A registered dietitian can help tailor your diet to your kidney disease. If you have congestive heart failure or edema, a diet low in sodium intake can help reduce edema and lower blood pressure. Reducing saturated fat and cholesterol can help control high levels of lipids, or fats, in the blood.

    People with advanced kidney disease should speak with their health care professional about their diet.

    Living With High Blood Pressure

    Controlling your high blood pressure is a lifelong commitment. You will always need to monitor your weight, make healthy food choices, exercise, learn to cope with stress, avoid smoking, and limit your alcohol intake. If you need medicine to control your high blood pressure, you will likely need it all your life.

    Additionally, you will need to get used to regular blood pressure checks. Your doctor may want you to come to the office regularly. Or you may be asked to check your blood pressure at home and keep track of your numbers for your doctor. Some pharmacies and retail clinics have blood pressure machines on site. You can buy your own, automated arm blood pressure cuff for use at home. Your doctor may want you to check your blood pressure several times a day. Another option is to use an ambulatory blood pressure monitor.

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    Hypertension: What You Need To Know As You Age

    You cant see high blood pressure, also called hypertension. And most ofthe time, you cant feel it. But if youre among the 78 million Americanswith hypertension or are one of the 70 million with prehypertension, its important to understandits effects on your healthand to take action today to bring your numbersdown to healthier levels.

    Blood pressure is the force of blood against the inner walls of yourarteries. It has normal fluctuations throughout the dayfalling when yourerelaxed or asleep, rising naturally in the morning, and increasingtemporarily when youre under stress, excited or exercising. But when yourresting blood pressure level rises too high, it can scar, stiffen and/orweaken blood vessels. This effect can double your risk for aheart attack quadruple your odds for astroke raise your risk forheart failure, vision loss, kidney problems,dementiaand circulation problems such asperipheral artery disease weaken your bones and contribute toerectile dysfunctionin men.

    Follow A Healthy Diet

    What Can I Do To Improve My High Blood Pressure?

    A healthy diet with a variety of nutritious foods, in line with the Australian Dietary Guidelines, will help keep blood pressure under control as well as your cholesterol and weight.

    • Eat 5 serves of vegetables and 2 serves of fruit every day.
    • Limit your fat intake to 20 to 35% of your total energy intake. Consume healthy unsaturated fats instead of saturated fats.
    • Reduce your salt intake to fewer than 4 grams per day if you have high blood pressure. This is less than one teaspoon of salt. Salt contains sodium, which is linked to high blood pressure.

    Read Also: How Does Temperature Affect Blood Pressure

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