How To Measure Blood Pressure At Home
The American Heart Association recommends home monitoring for all people with high blood pressure to help the healthcare provider determine whether treatments are working.
Home monitoring is not a substitute for regular visits to your health care professional but can be very useful in managing high blood pressure.
What Should I Expect If I Have Coronary Artery Disease Can It Be Cured
Technically coronary artery disease cant be cured. If youve been diagnosed with coronary artery disease, follow your healthcare providers treatment plan to help prevent your condition from getting worse. Your treatment plan may include procedures and surgery to increase the blood supply to your heart, lifestyle changes to target your risk factors and medications.
If your coronary artery disease has led to a heart attack, your healthcare provider can recommend a cardiac rehabilitation program to reduce your risk of future heart problems, regain strength and improve the quality of your life.
It is important to keep all follow-up appointments and have all tests ordered by your healthcare provider. These are needed to keep track of your condition, monitor how well your treatment plan is working and make adjustments if needed.
What To Make Of This
Much more research needs to be done on this subject. One objective of such research is to learn more about high blood pressure and asthma. A second objective is to find better strategies for treating both conditions. A third objective may involve developing strategies for screening asthmatics for hypertension and vice versa.
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What Else Can Cause Blood In Urine
Blood in your urine is also known as hematuria. Very rarely, it is caused by high blood pressure also known as hypertension. In all likelihood, if youre seeing blood in your urine, its a sign of a complication with your kidneys or urinary tract.
If your high blood pressure is severe, though, or if its left untreated for a number of years, then it can cause kidney damage. In fact, after diabetes, HBP is the second leading cause of kidney failure in the U.S.
If blood in your urine is due to your high blood pressure, its probably because your HBP has already begun to damage your kidneys.
Blood can turn your urine either red, pink, or brown. You might not even notice that you have blood in your urine until your doctor has done a urine test.
There are many complications and situations that can cause blood to enter your urine. Not all of them are cause for alarm, but you should always talk to your doctor if you notice blood in your urine. Seek immediate medical attention if theres a large amount of blood or if you see blood clots in your urine.
Causes for blood in your urine that are relatively easy to treat include:
- kidney or bladder cancer
Youll need medical attention to treat these conditions. For example, the treatment for cancer could entail surgeries and chemotherapy. Your kidney disease might need to be treated with dialysis, which is a process that helps filter your blood so your kidneys have time to heal.
Heart Attack And Heart Disease
High blood pressure can damage your arteries by making them less elastic, which decreases the flow of blood and oxygen to your heart and leads to heart disease. In addition, decreased blood flow to the heart can cause:
- Chest pain, also called angina.
- Heart attack, which happens when the blood supply to your heart is blocked and heart muscle begins to die without enough oxygen. The longer the blood flow is blocked, the greater the damage to the heart.
- Heart failure, a condition that means your heart cant pump enough blood and oxygen to your other organs.
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What Are The Treatments For High Blood Pressure
You will work with your provider to come up with a treatment plan. It may include only the lifestyle changes. These changes, such as heart-healthy eating and exercise, can be very effective. But sometimes the changes do not control or lower your high blood pressure. Then you may need to take medicine. There are different types of blood pressure medicines. Some people need to take more than one type.
If your high blood pressure is caused by another medical condition or medicine, treating that condition or stopping the medicine may lower your blood pressure.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Measure Your Blood Pressure On A Regular Basis
Measuring your blood pressure is an important step toward keeping a healthy blood pressure. Because high blood pressure and elevated blood pressure often have no symptoms, checking your blood pressure is the only way to know for sure whether it is too high.
You can measure your blood pressure at home with a home blood pressure monitor, or you can visit your doctor or nurse to have your blood pressure checked.
If you learn that you have high blood pressure, you should take steps to control your blood pressure to lower your risk for heart disease and stroke.
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High Blood Pressure And Older Adults
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High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a major health problem that is common in older adults. Your bodys network of blood vessels, known as the vascular system, changes with age. Arteries get stiffer, causing blood pressure to go up. This can be true even for people who have heart-healthy habits and feel just fine. High blood pressure, sometimes called “the silent killer,” often does not cause signs of illness that you can see or feel. Though it affects nearly half of all adults, many may not even be aware they have it.
If high blood pressure isn’t controlled with lifestyle changes and medication, it can lead to serious health problems, including cardiovascular disease such as heart disease and stroke, vascular dementia, eye problems, and kidney disease. The good news is that blood pressure can be controlled in most people.
Is There A Link Between Hbp And Heart Failure
Heart failure, a condition where your heart is unable to provide enough blood to the body, can take years to develop inside your body. The narrowing and blocking of blood vessels caused by high blood pressure increases your risk of developing heart failure.
- High blood pressure adds to your hearts workload: Narrowed arteries that are less elastic make it more difficult for the blood to travel smoothly and easily throughout your body causing your heart to work harder.
- Over time, a higher workload leads to an enlarged heart: In order to cope with increased demands, the heart thickens and becomes larger. While it is still able to pump blood, it becomes less efficient. The larger the heart becomes, the harder it works to meet your body’s demands for oxygen and nutrients.
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Avoid These 7 Foods In Hypertension:
1. Excess sugar intake:
If you have hypertension or high blood pressure, having excess sugar can increase your blood pressure levels. Not only it increases your blood pressure, but also increases the risk of dental issues and obesity.
2. Excess intake of salt:
Sodium is vital for your body, but having it in excess can cause various health problems like high blood pressure. Sodium is used to inhibit food degradation and increase the life of the food. However, if you keep that food, that also increases the sodium concentration. Foods that are preserved contain excess sodium so, now you know why it is not good to have junk foods and packed foods.
Many people like to start their day with caffeine that works as an energy kick to start their day. However, the caffeine in your coffee works as a stimulant that increases blood pressure levels. Therefore, people with high blood pressure levels should not consume coffee and energy drinks.
4. Peanut butter:
It tastes so good! Right? But did you know that peanut butter contains high sodium content, which is a big no for people with hypertension issues? If you like peanut butter, then it is better to do some effort for your health and prepare peanut butter at home, else you need to avoid those packed peanut butter jars loaded with excess sodium.
5. Packed and canned foods:
High Blood Pressure And Erectile Dysfunction
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is one of the most common medical conditions, and affects nearly one in every four American adults. It is also very closely linked with erectile dysfunction as blood pressure and blood flow are both very important with developing and maintaining erections.
Bringing your blood pressure into a more healthy and optimal range is not only good for your overall health, but is also a good way to reduce the risk of experiencing erection issues and improving your sexual health.
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How Do You Know If You Have High Blood Pressure
Medical professionals measure blood pressure with a unique cuff that squeezes and stops blood flow to the arm. When the device releases tension, it produces a reading of two numbers. The top number is the systolic measurement, which measures blood’s force on artery walls during a heartbeat. The bottom is the diastolic measurement, which notes the pressure on the artery walls between heartbeats.
These readings provide a window into a person’s health. Whether your blood pressure is healthy depends on where the results fit on the following scale:
- Normal Blood Pressure – A systolic number less than 120 and a diastolic number lower than 80
- Elevated Blood Pressure – A systolic number between 120-129, and a diastolic number less than 80
- Stage 1 Hypertension – A systolic number between 130-139, or a diastolic number between 80-89
- Stage 2 Hypertension – A systolic number of 140 or higher, or a diastolic number of 90 or more
- Hypertensive crisis – A systolic number over 180 and a diastolic number higher than 120
Quitting Smoking And Limiting Alcohol
If youre a smoker and have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, your doctor will most likely advise you to quit. The chemicals in tobacco smoke can damage the bodys tissues and harden blood vessel walls.
If you regularly consume too much alcohol or have an alcohol dependency, seek help to reduce the amount you drink or stop altogether. Drinking alcohol in excess can raise blood pressure.
If you have risk factors for hypertension, you can take steps now to lower your risk for the condition and its complications.
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What If Lifestyle Changes Dont Help Lower My Blood Pressure
If diet, exercise and other lifestyle changes dont work to lower your blood pressure, your healthcare provider will prescribe medications to help lower your blood pressure. Your provider will take into account other conditions you may have, such as heart or kidney disease and other drugs youre taking when prescribing medications to treat your high blood pressure. Be sure to follow your providers dosing directions exactly.
Blood Pressure Checks During Pregnancy
If you are pregnant, you should have your blood pressure checked on a regular basis, even if it is not high.
Watching your blood pressure while you are pregnant reduces your risk of developing pregnancy-induced hypertension. This can lead to a serious condition called pre-eclampsia where there is a problem with the placenta .
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High Blood Pressure Basics
Blood pressure is the pressure inside the arteries. Itâs reported in two numbers for example, â125 over 80.â What do these numbers mean?
- The top number is the systolicblood pressure. This is the peak pressure, when the heart pumps and expands the arteries.
- The bottom number is the diastolicblood pressure. When the heart relaxes, the pressure in the arteries falls to this value.
Normal blood pressure is less than 120 over less than 80. Treatment is recommended for blood pressure above 130 over 80 for most people. Treatment may be considered at lower levels, depending on other medical conditions you may have.
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How Is High Blood Pressure Treated
If high blood pressure is due to a condition like kidney disease or lung disease, treating it might be enough to get the blood pressure back to normal.
Doctors also might recommend lifestyle changes. If you have hypertension, your doctor might want you to:
Eat a healthy diet:
- Eat more fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy.
- Limit salt.
- Avoid alcohol.
Get regular exercise:
- Try to exercise for 3060 minutes at least 3 times a week. But teens with severe hypertension should not do any weightlifting or power-lifting, bodybuilding, or strength training until their blood pressure is under control and a doctor says it’s OK.
- People with high blood pressure should not smoke, and their home and car should be smoke-free.
If diet and exercise changes do not improve the blood pressure, doctors may prescribe medicine.
How Blood Pressure Is Measured
Hypertension can be mild, moderate or severe. Your blood pressure is naturally higher when you are exerting yourself, such as during physical exercise. It is only a concern if your blood pressure is high when you are at rest, because this means your heart is overworked and your arteries have extra stress in their walls.Blood pressure readings are a combination of two measurements. These are:
- Systolic is the highest pressure against the arteries as the heart pumps. The normal systolic pressure is usually between 110 and 130mmHg.
- Diastolic is the pressure against the arteries as the heart relaxes and fills with blood. The normal diastolic pressure is usually between 70 and 80mmHg.
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Tips For Living With High Blood Pressure Patient
Hypertension often lasts a lifetime, so following a careful management plan is essential. Keeping your blood pressure under control can lower your risk of heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure and can improve your quality of life. The following are tips to manage your blood pressure:
- Take blood pressure medicine as directed, if prescribed to you
- Increase physical activity
- Maintain a healthy weight
Causes Of Secondary Hypertension
When high blood pressure arises suddenly due to an identifiable condition, its called secondary hypertension.
Some conditions and drugs can lead to secondary hypertension, including the following:
- Kidney problems
HormonesBirth control pills can also affect blood pressure. Women who take birth control pills usually experience a small rise in systolic and diastolic blood pressure .
Hormone therapy used to relieve symptoms of menopause can also cause a small rise in systolic blood pressure.
If you know you have high blood pressure, but are considering hormone therapy, talk with your doctor about the risks and benefits of undergoing hormone therapy, as well as the best ways to control your blood pressure.
Additionally, some recreational and illegal drugs, such as cocaine, ecstasy , and amphetamines, are also known to increase blood pressure.
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Prevent High Blood Pressure
Practice healthy living habits, like being physically active, to help prevent high blood pressure.
By living a healthy lifestyle, you can help keep your blood pressure in a healthy range. Preventing high blood pressure, which is also called hypertension, can lower your risk for heart disease and stroke. Practice the following healthy living habits:
Common Symptoms Of Aortoiliac Disease Include:
- Cramping or pain in the calves, buttocks and/or thighs while walking.
- Pain in the toes, numbness or a cold feeling in the legs while at rest.
- Foot and/or leg ulcers may develop. Due to lack of blood flow, these ulcers will not heal.
- If an aortoiliac disease is left untreated, the circulation in the feet and legs may be lost completely, which could result in the development of gangrene, leading to loss of the limb.
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What Are The Complications Of Uncontrolled Hypertension
- Chest pain, also called angina.
- Heart attack, which occurs when the blood supply to the heart is blocked and heart muscle cells die from lack of oxygen. The longer the blood flow is blocked, the greater the damage to the heart.
- Heart failure, which occurs when the heart cannot pump enough blood and oxygen to other vital body organs.
- Irregular heart beat which can lead to a sudden death.