Whats Considered High Blood Pressure
A blood pressure reading consists of two numbers:
- Systolic pressure. The first or top number tells you what the pressure is in your arteries during heartbeats.
- Diastolic pressure. The second or bottom number tells you what the pressure is in your arteries between heartbeats.
According to the American Heart Association, a normal or healthy blood pressure reading is less than 120/80 millimeters of mercury . The following categories define blood pressure readings that are above this level.
- Elevated. This is a systolic number between 120 and 129 mm Hg and a diastolic number less than 80 mm Hg.
- Stage 1 hypertension. Stage 1 is a systolic number between 130 and 139 mm Hg or a diastolic reading between 80 and 89 mm Hg.
- Stage 2 hypertension. Stage 2 is a systolic pressure thats 140 mm Hg or higher or diastolic pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher.
- Hypertensive crisis. This is a systolic pressure over 180 mm Hg or diastolic pressure over 120 mm Hg. Blood pressure in this range requires medical attention right away.
High Blood Pressure Symptoms You Shouldnt Ignore
Caregiver Duties Aging & Health
If youre worried about developing high blood pressure or youve already been diagnosed with this condition, you may be wondering what symptoms to watch out for.
While the symptoms described here may indicate a high blood pressure crisis, its also very important to understand that a persons blood pressure can be dangerously high and yet there are no symptoms at all, notes retired emergency physician Ben Hippen. This is why high blood pressure is sometimes called the silent killer.
For this reason, its important to monitor your blood pressure often. When youre at your doctors office, or even at the pharmacy, take a few minutes to stick your arm in the cuff and get a reading. If you can afford it and will actually use it, a home blood pressure monitor is a worthwhile investment.
You Feel Exhausted And Weirdly Enough Kind Of Tingly
Lisinopril can cause your potassium levels to skyrocket, a potentially dangerous side effect, says Splaver. That’s because you won’t necessarily know your potassium levels are rising at first, but if they get high enough, they can make you feel exhausted, numb, or tingly.
Splaver says your doctor should do a routine blood test to check your levels one to two weeks after starting the drug to make sure your body is handling it well. If your doctor hasn’t recommended blood tests yet, or if you start to feel strange, call and get a test scheduled asap.
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When To See A Doctor
If you have any of these symptoms, see a doctor immediately. You could be having a hypertensive crisis that could lead to a heart attack or stroke. You may also have another serious health condition.
Most of the time, high blood pressure doesnât cause headaches or nosebleeds. But, this can happen in a hypertensive crisis when blood pressure is above 180/120. If your blood pressure is extremely high and you have these symptoms, rest for 5 minutes and check again. If your blood pressure is still unusually high, itâs a medical emergency. Call 911.
Itâs important to remember that high blood pressure doesnât usually have symptoms. So, everyone should get it checked regularly. The American Heart Association recommends that adults with normal blood pressure should get blood pressure checked each year at routine health visits. You may also have it checked at a health resource fair or other locations in your community.
If you have high blood pressure, your doctor might recommend that you monitor it more often at home. At-home monitors may work better than store-based machines. Your doctor will also recommend making lifestyle changes along with medications to lower your blood pressure.
Untreated hypertension can lead to serious diseases, including stroke, heart disease, kidney failure and eye problems.
Mold Visible To Naked Eyes
Suppose you spot any mold in the areas near your AC unit like walls, furniture, ceiling and any other area in your room. Then you have to be serious about the question, Can the air conditioner make you sick.
If you live or work near an old, mouldy air conditioner, youre more likely to have a respiratory disease. Mold has also been linked to symptoms such as inflammation of the throat, coughing, and mucus. If youre experiencing any of these signs, its time to look around your home for mould. Check for tiny areas within your air conditioners vents, and remove the filter to check it.
Sending a sample to a lab for testing or examining it with a mould testing kit are the only ways to confirm the existence of mould in air ducts. However, if you find any of these musty odour, black mold, facing allergies problems and visible mold, it is a clear sign of mold in your unit.
Solution: As we mentioned above that mold can lead you to serious health issues. So, please dont take it lightly. Follows these steps if you find out mold in your living area
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How Is Low Blood Pressure Treated
If you have an underlying condition, this needs to be treated, or if your medication is lowering your blood pressure, your doctor will discuss options.
Sometimes, if your low blood pressure is causing you to fall a lot and you are at risk, your doctor may refer you to a specialist. They will assess whether you need a medication called fludrocortisone to raise your blood pressure.
Otherwise, follow the self-care guidelines below.
Take Your Medicine As Usual
Insulin is a life-saving medication. Take your insulin as usual, even if you have been feeling very sick and vomiting. Ask your doctor, if necessary, how to adjust your insulin dose based on blood glucose test results.
If you are taking other diabetes-related medications to help manage your blood sugar levels, take these medications as you usually would, even in cases where you have been vomiting. Do not stop taking your medication even if you cannot eat.
If at any time you become doubtful about taking your medication or grow unsure about what the proper dose and time to take your medication should be, contact your healthcare team immediately.
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Cause: Standing For Long Periods
After you’re on your feet for a while, blood can start to pool in your legs. If your brain doesn’t tell your heart to pump enough to keep your blood pressure up, it might drop low enough to make you dizzy and nauseous. You might even pass out. Your doctor might call this “neurally mediated hypotension.” Like a bad relationship, the problem is poor communication, in this case, between the heart and brain.
Other Inconclusively Related Symptoms
A variety of symptoms may be indirectly related to, but are not always caused by, high blood pressure, such as:
- Blood spots in the eyes: Blood spots in the eyes are more common in people with diabetes or high blood pressure, but neither condition causes the blood spots. Floaters in the eyes are also not related to high blood pressure. However, an eye doctor may be able to detect damage to the optic nerve caused by untreated high blood pressure.
- Facial flushing: Facial flushing occurs when blood vessels in the face dilate. It can occur unpredictably or in response to certain triggers such as sun exposure, cold weather, spicy foods, wind, hot drinks and skin-care products. Facial flushing can also occur with emotional stress, exposure to heat or hot water, alcohol consumption and exercise all of which can raise blood pressure temporarily. While facial flushing may occur while your blood pressure is higher than usual, high blood pressure is not the cause of facial flushing.
- Dizziness: While dizziness can be a side effect of some blood pressure medications, it is not caused by high blood pressure. However, dizziness should not be ignored, especially if the onset is sudden. Sudden dizziness, loss of balance or coordination and trouble walking are all warning signs of a stroke. High blood pressure is a leading risk factor for stroke.
Written by American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisers. See our editorial policies and staff.
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Why Does Blood Pressure Medication Cause Muscle Pain
Not typical: Blood pressure medications do not typically cause muscle pain. Diuretics which are used for treatment of high blood pressure may cause muscle spasms if they cause low potassium. Medications used to treat high cholesterol may cause muscle pains.
What Is The Connection Between High Blood Pressure And Nausea
While high blood pressure is often called the “silent killer” and many times comes with no symptoms, some people with prolonged high blood pressure may develop symptoms like nausea. High blood pressure and nausea may be closely related because the abnormal pressure causes a lack of oxygen to the brain. The heart of a person with high blood pressure has to work much harder to circulate oxygenated blood throughout the body. After a prolonged period of time, this basic task may become too much for the heart and parts of the body, such as the outer limbs and brain, begin to lose their oxygen supply.
Quite often, symptoms of high blood pressure do not occur until the patient has had the condition for long enough that organs have become damaged. Without a routine check of her blood pressure, that patient may have no idea she have high blood pressure until these symptoms appear, at which point it may be too late. If high blood pressure and nausea have not gone untreated for too long, then it may be possible to treat the conditions with simple lifestyle changes. Common changes include a diet low in fat and salt, a moderate exercise routine, and eliminating any drugs or alcohol.
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Sleep Deprivation And Blood Pressure
There has been some link between getting less than six hours of sleep per night and increased blood pressure. It is generally thought that adequate sleep allows for the body to better regulate stress hormones and the nervous system. Scientists believe that without providing your body with the rest it needs, we are less able to regulate our stress and therefore increase our likelihood of high blood pressure. Aiming for a regular seven to eight hours of restful sleep each night may be both a prevention and treatment method for high blood pressure.
You should know: The answer above provides general health information that is not intended to replace medical advice or treatment recommendations from a qualified healthcare professional.
Why Does High Blood Pressure Make Us Feel Tired
High blood pressure is often called the silent killer because, in most cases, it doesnt have any apparent symptoms. However, fatigue and chest pains are among the very few indicators of high blood pressure. Fatigue caused by high blood pressure occurs as a result of many different factors including the effects of condition itself, medication management and lifestyle choices. High blood pressure causes tiredness as a result of elevated pressure on vital organs such as the brain, heart and kidneys.
Often though, medication plays a larger role in contributing to fatigue than the actual condition does. Tiredness is often a common side effect of many medications used to lower blood pressure. Blood pressure medications may slow the pumping action of the heart, in the case of diuretics, the body can easily become depleted of essential electrolytes. The body reacts to this by producing less energy and so results in increased tiredness and fatigue. Unexplained tiredness that doesnt appear to have a cause can be a result of high blood pressure.
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Why Am I Experiencing Lightheadedness And Nausea
It can be caused by something as simple as an ear infection, or it could be something more serious. Lets take a look at some of the causes:
Anemia is a condition where there is not enough iron and red blood cells in the body to carry critically necessary oxygen and nutrients where they are needed.
Symptoms: Anemia symptoms include: feeling dizzy, fatigue, nausea, headache, pale skin, and feeling cold.
What to Do: If you suspect you may be anemic, see your doctor. You may need tests to look for a low red blood cell count including:
- Complete blood count
- Iron and ferritin levels
Make sure you are eating plenty of iron rich foods such as blackstrap molasses, lean red meats, spinach, and iron fortified cereal and bread.
Two of the most common symptoms of pregnancy are nausea and feeling lightheaded. Nausea is caused by hormonal changes in the body and lightheadedness can be due to the rapid changes in blood and fluid volume to support you and your baby.
Symptoms: Symptoms of pregnancy include: nausea, missed period, tender and sore breasts, lightheadedness or feeling dizzy, bloated abdomen, feeling very tired, and others depending on how far along you are.
What to Do: If you do not have a diagnosed pregnancy, try a home pregnancy test and see your doctor to confirm. If you are diagnosed with pregnancy, try drinking extra fluids and nibble on crackers when you first wake up.
3. Lyme Disease
4. High Blood Pressure
5. Middle Ear Infection
7. Motion Sickness
Shortness Of Breath Anxiety
Shortness of breath, a racing pulse, mental confusion, a heightened sense of anxiety, and a sense of impending doom can be symptoms of preeclampsia. If these symptoms are new to you, they could indicate an elevated blood pressure, or more rarely, fluid collecting in your lungs .
What you can do…
Contact your healthcare provider immediately if these symptoms are new. If you’ve experienced these conditions before pregnancy, be sure to mention them to your care provider during your next visit so they can be monitoried th
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Blood Pressure Medication Side Effects
Its important to keep in mind that all medications have side effects and that includes your blood pressure medications. Most of these side effects go away with time as your body adjusts to the new medication. The most common side effects are:
Feeling tired, weak, drowsy, or a lack of energy
Weight loss or gain without trying
Also, taking more than one medication or supplement at a time can lead to potential interactions, be sure to clear all additional medications with your doctor before beginning them.
Is There Is A High Blood Pressure Diet
In about half of people with high blood pressure, limiting sodium intake by eliminating table salt, cooking salt, and salty and processed foods can reduce blood pressure by 5 mm Hg. Losing weight and participating in regular physical activity can reduce blood pressure further.
If these lifestyle changes and choices don’t work, medications should be added. The medications have been proven to reduce the risk of stroke, heart disease, and kidney problems.
- Aim for a healthy weight range for your height and body type. Your health care practitioner can help you calculate a healthy target weight.
- Even a small amount of weight loss can make a major difference in lowering or preventing high blood pressure.
- You must burn more calories than you take in to lose weight.
- Crash or fad diets are not helpful and may be dangerous.
- Some weight loss medications also carry major risks and may even elevate blood pressure, and great caution is advised in using these drugs. Please ask your health care practitioner or pharmacist for help in deciding if a weight loss medication is appropriate for your situation.
Exercise or Increase Physical Activity
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What Do Blood Pressure Numbers Mean
Blood pressure is measured using two numbers:
The first number, called systolic blood pressure, measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats.
The second number, called diastolic blood pressure, measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart rests between beats.
If the measurement reads 120 systolic and 80 diastolic, you would say, 120 over 80, or write, 120/80 mmHg.
Having A Support System Can Make A Difference
When times get stressful, tapping into a support network may be just what you need to stay on track with your heart health.
If youre in need of extra motivation or just want to connect with someone with a health concern similar to you, consider joining an online support network.
In addition, virtual telemedicine platforms have provided a new array of opportunity for facilitating quick and frequent visits with your health care provider, which can help you keep up with and reinforce the effective strategies that can help control your blood pressure.
You may also find these additional resources helpful:
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