What Foods Help Lower Blood Pressure
If your blood pressure reads consistently higher than 130/80 when you are in a lying down position, you are considered to have high blood pressure.
While limiting alcohol consumption and avoiding smoking are the best ways to lower blood pressure, changes to your diet are important as well. Below are examples of foods that can help you bring your blood pressure under control:
What Factors Affect Your Diastolic Pressure
The factors discussed are heart rate, arterial pressure, coronary perfusion pressure, the pericardium, and the mechanical interplay between ventricles. The influence of heart rate, arterial pressure, and coronary perfusion pressure can be considered as minor provided they remain within their normal physiological range.
Checking Blood Pressure At Home
Keeping track of blood pressure at home is important for many people, especially if you have high blood pressure. This helps you and your doctor find out if your treatment is working.
Your doctor may also suggest that you check your pressure at home if they think you may have “white coat hypertension.” It’s a real condition. The stress of being in a doctor’s office raises your blood pressure, but when you’re home, it’s normal.
Ask your doctor to recommend an easy-to-use home blood pressure monitor. Make sure the cuff fits properly. If your arm is too big for the cuff, the reading may be higher than your blood pressure really is. Ask your doctor for a larger cuff or make sure you buy a home monitor with a cuff that fits you.
You also can use a wrist blood pressure monitor, but they often aren’t as accurate. Follow the directions that come with the device to make sure you are using it correctly.
No matter which type of blood pressure monitor you have, it’s a good idea to take it to your doctor’s office. You can compare its reading to the numbers your doctor gets. Avoid caffeine, cigarettes, and exercise for at least 30 minutes before the test.
When you take your blood pressure at home, sit up straight in a chair and put both feet on the floor. Ask your doctor or nurse to show you the right way to position your arm so you get accurate readings.
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Risk Factors For Low Blood Pressure
If youre older than 65, you may be at risk of orthostatic hypotension, a condition in which your blood pressure drops when you move from sitting to standing. Endocrine problems, neurological diseases, heart problems, heart failure, and anemia may also cause the condition.
You may also be at risk for low blood pressure if you become dehydrated or take certain prescription drugs such as:
A range of treatments are available for high or low blood pressure.
How To Reduce Blood Pressure
If you have high blood pressure, there are several lifestyle changes that can help reduce it. These include eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, reducing stress, avoiding tobacco, limiting alcohol, and maintaining a healthy weight. Your doctor may also prescribe medications to help lower your blood pressure.
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Why Does Pulse Pressure Matter
The arteries that carry your blood are naturally stretchy and flexible, but they can only hold so much blood at any time. This is called arterial compliance. Your arteries also get less flexible and stretchy as you grow older, which is natural and expected. This is sometimes referred to as arterial stiffness. Arteries also tend to be stiffer in people with diabetes and chronic kidney disease.
Your blood pressure and pulse pressure can be valuable information for your healthcare provider, helping them spot a wide variety of heart and circulatory problems.
Normala Intervall Fr Diastoliskt Och Systoliskt Tryck
Hos barn Ã¤r den diastoliska mÃ¤tningen ca 65 mmHg. Hos vuxna varierar det frÃ¥n 60 – 80 mmHg. Systolisk mÃ¤tning hos barn varierar frÃ¥n 95 till 100 och hos vuxna varierar den frÃ¥n 90 till 120 mmHg.
En vuxen anses vara lidande av
- hypotension om den diastoliska behandlingen Ã¤r < 60 mmHg and systolic reading is < 90 mmHg
- Prehypertension om den diastoliska behandlingen Ã¤r 81 – 89 mmHg och systolisk avlÃ¤sning Ã¤r 121-139 mmHg
- Steg 1 Hypertension om den diastoliska behandlingen Ã¤r 90 – 99 mmHg och systolisk avlÃ¤sning is140 – 159 mmHg
- Steg 2 Hypertension om den diastoliska behandlingen Ã¤r 100 mmHg och systolisk avlÃ¤sning Ã¤r 160 mmHg
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What Do The Numbers Mean
So, what exactly do those numbers mean? Lets start with systolic blood pressure. This is the force that is generated within the arteries when the heart contracts . This, along with diastolic, is measured in millimeters of mercury .
Diastolic pressure is the pressure on the arteries between heartbeats, or in other words, when the heart is in the relaxed state. The systolic pressure is the higher number, which is on top, and diastolic is the lower number. An ideal reading would be 120 over 80.
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How Do Digital Monitors And The Sphygmomanometer Work
Digital monitors can be placed on the wrist, upper arm, or finger and measure blood pressure by evaluating blood volume in the arteries. The sphygmomanometer consists of an inflatable cuff, a pressure meter known as a manometer, and a stethoscope. Healthcare providers use the manometer to inflate the cuff and the stethoscope to listen to the blood flowing in the brachial artery.
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Why Your Blood Pressure Matters
When the heart beats, blood pulses through the arteries to travel throughout the body. However, it is not a steady stream like you might see from a garden hose.
The pulse of the blood flow and the pressure it exerts change from moment to moment. It’s highest during the heartbeat and lowest between heartbeats .
Providers measure blood pressure using these numbers because it is a standard way of describing the force of the pulsing blood.
Your systolic and diastolic blood pressures are both important. If the readings are too high, you could have high blood pressure. If the readings are too low, there may not be enough blood flowing to your brain and other organs.
Furthermore, if there are changes in the difference between the two numbers, it’s a clue that there could be a heart condition or other health problem.
Systolic Heart Failure Treatment
Systolic blood pressure is of two types: acute and chronic. Acute systolic heart failure occurs more suddenly as compared to chronic heart failure which occurs over a time period. Systolic heart failure can be caused due to high blood pressure, alcohol, and drug abuse.
Yet, most people with systolic heart failure experience its chronic condition, which can be treated through lifestyle changes and medications. However, it cannot be said this condition completely fades away with these medicines.
Nevertheless, your doctor may prescribe you medicines according to your symptoms of systolic heart failure. Some common medicines to treat this condition include:
- Aldosterone Antagonists
- F-Channel Blocker
Yet, if systolic heart failure is not treated on time, it may lead to several complications such as liver damage or impaired kidney function.
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Klinisk Betydelse Och Kardiovaskulr Risk
Tidigare uppmÃ¤rksammades det diastoliska trycket, men det Ã¤r nu erkÃ¤nt att bÃ¥de hÃ¶gt systoliskt tryck och hÃ¶gt pulstryck Ã¤r riskfaktorer. I vissa fall verkar det som att en minskning av alltfÃ¶r stort diastoliskt tryck faktiskt kan Ã¶ka risken, troligen pÃ¥ grund av den Ã¶kade skillnaden mellan systoliska och diastoliska tryck.
KardiovaskulÃ¤r risk hos de medelÃ¥lders och Ã¤ldre Ã¤r ofta mer exakt fÃ¶rutsagt genom att anvÃ¤nda systoliska blodtrycksmÃ¤tningar Ã¤n diastoliska blodtrycksmÃ¤tningar. Diastoliskt blodtryck kan sedan anvÃ¤ndas fÃ¶r att bÃ¤ttre fÃ¶rstÃ¥ de risker som identifieras genom systoliskt blodtryck.
I en video med titeln Vad Ã¤r den kliniska betydelsen av systoliskt och diastoliskt blodtryck, Dr Len Saputo citerar en forskningsstudie publicerad i tidningen The Lancet undersÃ¶ker hur systoliskt och diastoliskt blodtryck hos 30-Ã¥ringar kan fÃ¶rutsÃ¤ga risk fÃ¶r kardiovaskulÃ¤r sjukdom senare i livet. Han fÃ¶rklarar att skillnaden mellan de tvÃ¥ typerna av blodtryck Ã¤r fÃ¶rmodligen viktigare Ã¤n ettdera numret ensamt.
Symptoms Of Low Blood Pressure
Most doctors will only consider chronically low blood pressure as dangerous if it causes noticeable signs and symptoms, such as:
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Dehydration and unusual thirst
- Dehydration can sometimes cause blood pressure to drop. However, dehydration does not always cause low blood pressure. Fever, vomiting, severe diarrhea, overuse of diuretics and strenuous exercise can all lead to dehydration, a potentially serious condition in which your body loses more water than you take in. Even mild dehydration can cause weakness, dizziness and fatigue.
- Lack of concentration
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How Blood Pressure Is Measured
A doctor or nurse will measure your blood pressure with a small gauge attached to an inflatable cuff. It’s simple and painless.
The person taking your blood pressure wraps the cuff around your upper arm. Some cuffs go around the forearm or wrist, but often they aren’t as accurate.
Your doctor or nurse will use a stethoscope to listen to the blood moving through your artery.
Theyâll inflate the cuff to a pressure higher than your systolic blood pressure, and it will tighten around your arm. Then theyâll release it. As the cuff deflates, the first sound they hear through the stethoscope is the systolic blood pressure. It sounds like a whooshing noise. The point where this noise goes away marks the diastolic blood pressure.
In a blood pressure reading, the systolic number always comes first, and then the diastolic number. For example, your numbers may be “120 over 80” or written as 120/80.
What Is Normal Blood Pressure
Blood pressure ranges for adults are:
- High: Systolic of 130 or above and/or diastolic of 80 or above
- Elevated: Systolic between 120 and 129 and diastolic of 79 or below
- Normal: Systolic of 119 or below and diastolic of 79 or below
- Low: Systolic of less than 100 and/or diastolic of less than 60
- Some people may have normal or asymptomatic blood pressures lower than 100/60
- In people who have chronically high blood pressure , symptoms of low blood pressure may occur at readings above 100/60
The normal blood pressure for adolescents 13 years or older is less than 120/80 mmHg.
In younger children, the normal range for blood pressure is determined by the child’s sex, age, and height. The normal range is expressed as a percentile, similar to charts used to track children’s growth.
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Which Metric Is More Important To Track
There is a great deal of debate among healthcare professionals about which metric is more important to track, systolic or diastolic readings. On one hand, systolic readings provide valuable information about the overall health of your circulatory system.
Low systolic readings can be indicative of heart problems and other cardiovascular issues, so it is essential to track these numbers over time in order to catch any changes or abnormalities. However, diastolic readings may be even more important, as they give insight into how well the heart relaxes between beats. This information can be crucial for diagnosing conditions such as hypertension and hypotension, both of which are linked to very serious health problems.
Ultimately, it is impossible to say definitively whether systolic or diastolic readings should be given more weight in terms of assessing overall health. Both metrics have their pros and cons, and it will likely depend on the individual patient and their specific needs and concerns when making decisions about optimal healthcare monitoring.
Nevertheless, given the importance of both metrics in tracking overall health status, it is crucial that they be taken seriously by all those involved in patient care.
Systolic Vs Diastolic Blood Pressure
Why both numbers are important
Systolic and diastolic blood pressure make up the two numbers in a blood pressure reading .
Systolic blood pressure, or the top number, is the amount of pressure experienced by the arteries while the heart is beating. Diastolic blood pressure is the amount of pressure in the arteries while the heart is resting in between heart beats.
This article delves into the differences between systolic and diastolic blood pressure, why both numbers are important, and what your blood pressure readings mean.
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Heart Attack And Heart Disease
High blood pressure can damage your arteries by making them less elastic, which decreases the flow of blood and oxygen to your heart and leads to heart disease. In addition, decreased blood flow to the heart can cause:
- Chest pain, also called angina.
- Heart attack, which happens when the blood supply to your heart is blocked and heart muscle begins to die without enough oxygen. The longer the blood flow is blocked, the greater the damage to the heart.
- Heart failure, a condition that means your heart cant pump enough blood and oxygen to your other organs.
High Systolic Blood Pressure
The heart muscle pushes out blood with higher pressure when a person is exercising, under stress, or at any time when the heart rate is increased. The systolic pressure goes up with it.
In these cases, the increased pressure is normal. However, when the pressure is high while a person is resting, that is not normal and is considered high blood pressure.
Since your blood pressure can go up when you’re active, it’s important to take your blood pressure during periods of quiet rest to accurately diagnose high blood pressure .
High systolic blood pressure is usually caused by the stiffening of the arteries, which makes the heart have to work harder to push blood through them.
Even within the high systolic pressure range, there are different stages:
- Systolic BP of 130-139 is Stage 1 hypertension, which may be reversed with temporary meds and lifestyle changes.
- Systolic BP of 140 or higher is Stage 2 hypertension, which can drastically increase the risk of stroke or heart attack, may require a prolonged regimen of medication.
- Systolic BP of 180 or higher means that you’re in hypertensive crisis and should call your healthcare provider right away.
Your healthcare provider will help you determine the best course of action for treating your high systolic BP.
Preventing Low Blood Pressure
To help prevent low blood pressure, drink plenty of fluids, preferably water, to prevent dehydration. Stand up slowly from a sitting position to help prevent orthostatic hypotension.
Also, notify your doctor right away if you feel a medication is causing your blood pressure to drop. There may be another medication option that will have less impact on your blood pressure numbers.
In addition, if youve been diagnosed with any medical conditions known to be linked with low blood pressure, talk to your doctor. Discuss which symptoms you should look out for and how to best monitor your condition.
If You Notice A Sudden Decline In Blood Pressure
A single lower-than-normal reading is not cause for alarm, unless you are experiencing any other symptoms or problems. If you experience any dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea or other symptoms, its a good idea to consult with your healthcare provider. To help with your diagnosis, keep a record of your symptoms and activities at the time they occurred.
Is low blood pressure related to low heart rate? Find out.
Written by American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisers. See our editorial policies and staff.
Last Reviewed: Oct 31, 2016
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Heart Rate And Exercise
In discussions about high blood pressure, you will often see heart rate mentioned in relation to exercise. Your target heart rate is based on age and can help you monitor the intensity of your exercise.
- If you measure your heart rate before, during and after physical activity, youll notice it will increase over the course of the exercise.
- The greater the intensity of the exercise, the more your heart rate will increase.
- When you stop exercising, your heart rate does not immediately return to your normal heart rate.
- The more fit you are, the sooner your heart rate will return to normal.
Written by American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisers. See our editorial policies and staff.
Last Reviewed: Oct 31, 2016
The Differences Between Systolic And Diastolic Readings
At the heart of every cardiovascular system is a complex network of blood vessels that transport blood throughout the body. While these vessels do change in size and shape depending on various factors such as activity level, diet, and stress level, they are primarily classified into two main categories: systolic and diastolic.
The systolic reading refers to the maximum amount of pressure that is exerted when the heart contracts, while the diastolic reading refers to the minimum pressure that is exerted when the heart relaxes between beats.
These measurements can help doctors to diagnose certain health conditions, such as hypertension or heart disease, and can also be used to assess fitness levels.
Ultimately, understanding the differences between systolic and diastolic readings helps us to better understand how our bodies function and allows us to take proactive steps towards maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system.
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Systolic Vs Diastolic: Which Blood Pressure Number Matters The Most
Hypertension, or in simple terms, high blood pressure, is one of the most common, yet somehow dangerous cardiovascular risk factors that people experience globally. However, this condition is untreated and can lead to cardiac arrest or stroke.
According to many researchers, approximately 0.5 million Americans deaths occur due to hypertension. Also, it is estimated that almost 116 million adults suffer from high blood pressure in the US.
Hypertension is often known as a silent killer since it does not show certain specific symptoms either it cannot be treated permanently and can lead to further severe health risks. Therefore, the only way to control your blood pressure is by taking its readings through a blood pressure machine.
Thus, blood pressure can be measured in two numbers: systolic vs diastolic. If you want to track your blood pressure by monitoring it, understanding these two numbers is the foremost thing.
In this blog, you will be reading whats systolic and diastolic blood pressure and which number is more important. Continue readings about systolic vs diastolic blood pressure to know about everything.