Secondary High Blood Pressure
Some cases of high blood pressure are the result of underlying factors or cause and this is known as secondary high blood pressure.
Underlying factors include:
- kidney conditions, such as a kidney infection, or kidney disease
- narrowing of the arteries
- hormonal conditions, such as Cushing’s syndrome
- conditions that affect the bodys tissue, such as lupus
- medication, such as the oral contraceptive pill, or the type of painkillers that are known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , such as ibuprofen
- recreational drugs, such as cocaine, amphetamines and crystal meth
Occasionally, a rise in blood pressure can result from taking herbal remedies, such as herbal supplements.
Causes Of Hypertension In Children
1. Primary hypertension
Primary hypertension means that the hypertension does not seem to be caused by some other underlyng medical condition. Many doctors think that the incidence of childhood or adolescent hypertension has been rising along with the obesity epidemic. The majority of teens and children over age 6 with hypertension have a family history of hypertension and/or are overweight.
2. Secondary hypertension
Secondary hypertension is caused by a known underlying medical condition. Of these, about
- 80 percent of children have some kind of kidney disease or blood vessel abnormalities
- 5 percent have an endocrinological disorder
- 2 to 5 percent have heart disease
Hypertension in infants with hypertension almost always has a secondary cause. In addition, premature infants have a higher incidence of hypertension.
Among kids with hypertension, especially those who are very young, secondary hypertension is more common than primary hypertension. But among children who are older than 6 to 8 years old, the ratio of primary to secondary hypertension is approaching 50/50.
Preventing High Blood Pressure
To keep your blood pressure in the normal range, your daily habits are key. These things help:
DonÃ¢t smoke. Among the many health problems that smoking causes, it raises your blood pressure.
Make physical activity a habit. Most experts recommend at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity five or more times a week. Or you could do a harder activity for a shorter period of time per session.
Eat right. Read food labels to see how much sodium is in a serving. Check with your doctor to find out what your daily limit should be. Include a lot of vegetables and fruits, along with whatever else you choose to put on your plate.
Stick to a healthy weight. Extra pounds raise your blood pressure. If youÃ¢re not sure what a healthy weight would be for you, ask your doctor.
If you drink alcohol, limit it to no more than one drink a day if youÃ¢re a woman and up to two drinks a day if youÃ¢re a man.
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Regular Blood Pressure Checks If Diagnosed With High Blood Pressure
If you are diagnosed with high blood pressure, your blood pressure will need to be closely monitored until it is brought under control.
After your blood pressure has been controlled, your GP or practice nurse will measure your blood pressure at agreed regular intervals .
It is important you attend these appointments to ensure your blood pressure is being maintained within an acceptable range.
How To Lower Blood Pressure
Treatment will depend on several factors, including how high the blood pressure is and the risk of cardiovascular disease or a stroke.
The doctor will recommend different treatments as blood pressure increases. For slightly high blood pressure, they may suggest making lifestyle changes and monitoring the blood pressure.
If blood pressure is high, they will recommend medication. The options may change over time, according to how severe the hypertension is and whether complications arise, such as kidney disease. Some people may also need a combination of several different medications.
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Drinking Too Much Alcohol
Over time, alcohol use can damage your nerves and tissues. Heavy drinking can make your body run low on vitamins like B12 and folate. Both the damage and the lack of vitamins can keep your nerves from working the way they should. That could lead to a loss of feeling in your feet and hands. If you stop drinking, it may fix some of the damage.
Who Is At Risk For Morning Hypertension
Populations at higher risk of developing complications related to high blood pressure include the following: 7
- South American.
Certain medical conditions placed people at risk for experiencing high blood pressure in the morning. These conditions included the following:
- Glucose abnormality.
- Metabolic syndrome .
- Insomnia or poor sleep quality.
- Nocturnal Hypoxia .
High blood pressure in the morning was also found to be more prevalent based on certain environmental factors.
- High salt intake.
- Winter time or cold outside temp.
- High levels of physical activity upon waking.
- High-stress levels.
- Increased alcohol consumption.
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Preventing High Blood Pressure In The Morning
Prevention can be just as important as treatment. Prevention allows you to get ahead of the issue before it becomes a problem. There are many different steps you can take to prevent high blood pressure in the morning.
These steps include the following:
- Eat healthy foods: Eating healthy foods can reduce your salt intake and improve your overall health.
- Limit alcohol consumption.
- Keep up with your medication management plan for high blood pressure and other health concerns.
- Attend doctors appointments regularly.
- Reduce stress levels.
/8what Is A Normal Blood Pressure
A normal blood pressure level is less than 120/80 mmHg. A high blood pressure is defined as blood pressure above 140/90. It is said to be severe if the pressure is above 180/120 mmHg.
Those who constantly have a high blood pressure need to keep certain things in mind. There could be many factors contributing to your condition, some of which are as follows…
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Why Is Blood Pressure Lower In Right Arm
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What Are The Causes Of Isolated Systolic Hypertension
Blood pressure involves how much blood your heart pumps every minute, as well as the pressure exerted on the walls of your arteries by that blood.
As you age, your arteries lose some of their natural elasticity and are less able to accommodate the rush of blood. Plaque, which is fatty deposits on the artery wall, can also contribute to the stiffening of the arteries.
Blood pressure particularly systolic blood pressure naturally tends to increase with age. Because of this, there may be no identifiable cause of high blood pressure.
However, there are some medical conditions that can cause you to develop ISH. These conditions can affect your circulatory system, which can damage your blood vessels or contribute to artery stiffening.
Some of these conditions include:
You Rely Too Heavily On Convenient Processed Foods
Excessive sodium intake has a direct impact on blood pressure. More salt equals more sodium in the blood, which then pulls water from the surrounding tissues into your vessels and increases blood volume, says Dr. Beniaminovitz. More blood volume leads to higher blood pressure.
But if youre thinking, I dont even use that much salt, its probably still hiding elsewhere in your diet. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Americans are consuming an average of 3,400 mg of sodium per day, which is well beyond the recommended cap of 2,300 mg per day. And of that, more than 70% of a persons sodium intake is coming from processed and restaurant foods, including things like bread, breakfast cereal, chips, cookies, pizza, canned beans and veggies, canned soups, and pasta saucenot the salt shaker itself.
Additionally, a diet heavy in processed foods can cause weight gain, and when people are overweight, the body has to pump blood to more tissue, which can increase blood pressure, says Dr. Philips. We see an extremely large amount of high blood pressure in obese patients.
Why Your Blood Pressure Can Remain High On Medication
While blood pressure medication can drastically reduce your blood pressure over time, it can still remain above normal levels. Learn more about high blood pressure, medications commonly used to treat it, and why your blood pressure can stay high on medication.
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High blood pressure is a common condition in the US, affecting around 47% of the population.
Blood pressure is the amount of strain or force your blood puts on your blood vessels as it circulates throughout your body. Your heart beats continuously, and it takes large amounts of force to move blood from one area of your body to another.
When your blood pressure is higher than normal, it can put a lot of wear and tear on your blood vessels. This puts you at risk of other health conditions.
How blood pressure is measured
Blood pressure measurements give two different numbers, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, both of which are measured in mm Hg .
Systolic blood pressure, the top number, shows the amount of pressure placed on your blood vessels when your heart beats. Diastolic blood pressure, the bottom number, indicates the amount of pressure your blood puts on your blood vessels between beats.
Blood pressure readings higher than 120/80mm Hg have the following categories:
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Treatment For Isolated Systolic Hypertension
ISH can be treated like other forms of hypertension. The goal is to reduce your systolic blood pressure to below 140 mm Hg. This can be accomplished by lifestyle changes, medication, or both.
Its important that treatment is balanced to reach a lower systolic blood pressure, but not reduce diastolic blood pressure too much. Lower-than-normal diastolic blood pressure may lead to heart damage.
If theres an underlying condition thats causing or contributing to ISH, your doctor will work to treat that as well.
Should The First Blood Pressure Reading Be Discarded
Many times people find out the first time they measure their blood pressure, the reading is often high. The second measurement is almost always lower than the first one. So what should be done, take a third one? You may be wondering, should the first blood pressure reading be discarded?
The first blood pressure reading should not be discarded. The American Heart Association recommends taking at least two or more measurements and using all of them. Two to three readings minimize random errors and provide more accuracy for blood pressure estimation.
You may be thinking if the first reading is always higher, why should it be used? This blog post will answer that question and explain how it can be corrected. In addition, Ill explain why the first reading is high and how long you should wait between the readings.
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You Shouldn’t Ignore White Coat Hypertension
Some people experience white coat hypertension, when blood pressure is elevated in the doctor’s office but not in other settings. These patients need to monitor their blood pressure at home or wear an ambulatory blood pressure monitor that takes your blood pressure every 30 minutes for 24 hours.
While white coat hypertension was formerly considered simple nervousness, recent research suggests otherwise.
A study published in the journal Hypertension found that people with white coat hypertension are at a significantly greater risk for developing sustained high blood pressure than people who have normal blood pressure. One possible explanation is that people with white coat hypertension have a harder time managing stress and anxiety.
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What Are The Types Of High Blood Pressure
Your provider will diagnose you with one of two types of high blood pressure:
- Primary high blood pressure. Causes of this most common type of high blood pressure include aging and unhealthy habits like not getting enough exercise.
- Secondary high blood pressure. Causes of this type of high blood pressure include different medical problems or sometimes a medication youre taking.
Can Blood Pressure Meds Cause Lightheadedness
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Causes Of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is commonly associated with poor lifestyle habits. While it’s certainly true that an unhealthy lifestyle increases your risk of developing the condition, there are dozens of other potential causes of high blood pressure. Researchers are constantly learning new things about the condition.
Some common causes of high blood pressure include:
Diets high in sodium³ are strongly associated with high blood pressure. Most Americans ingest too much sodium, as they tend to consume plenty of fast food, convenience meals, and snacks with high sodium content.
People with high blood pressure caused by their lifestyle can greatly benefit by following the DASH diet. The DASH eating plan encourages plenty of:
Fruit and vegetables
It also recommends limiting foods high in saturated fats, like full-fat dairy products and fatty meats, as well as those high in sugar. Following the DASH diet doesn’t mean giving up your favorite foods forever, just focusing on more nutrient-dense foods.
Not getting enough exercise can also put you at risk of developing high blood pressure, as can high amounts of stress. The good news is that exercise can help relieve stress to some degree, so being active can help prevent high blood pressure by tackling both issues at once. Aim for 150 minutes of moderate physical activity or 75 minutes of vigorous activity per week.
Some medications are known to increase blood pressure, including: