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What Are The Effects Of High Blood Pressure

Coffee And High Blood Pressure

Effects of High Blood Pressure

Some people claim they cant function completely without drinking their morning cup of coffee first. And although there are benefits to drinking coffee, the research on coffee intake and blood pressure is conflicting and inconclusive, says Barbara George, MD, the director of the Center for Cardiovascular Health Medicine at NYU Winthrop Hospital on Long Island in New York.

When it comes to blood pressure, its important to know your numbers. The top number of your blood pressure reading, systolic blood pressure, measures the force the heart exerts on the walls of arteries as it beats. The bottom number, diastolic blood pressure, measures the force when the heart is at rest. A blood pressure of less than 120/80 mm Hg is considered normal. A reading of 130/80 mm Hg or higher is high blood pressure.

Heres what experts need you to know about the research on coffee and high blood pressure and any precautions you should take.

Cut Added Sugar And Refined Carbs

Theres a growing body of research showing a link between added sugar and high blood pressure 00649-8/fulltext” rel=”nofollow”> 30, 31).

In the Framingham Womens Health Study, women who drank even one soda per day had higher levels than those who drank less than one soda per day .

Another study found that having one less sugar-sweetened beverage per day was linked to lower blood pressure .

And its not just sugar all refined carbs, such as the kind found in white flour convert rapidly to sugar in your bloodstream and may cause problems.

Some studies have shown that low carb diets may also help reduce blood pressure.

One study on people undergoing statin therapy found that those who went on a 6-week, carb-restricted diet saw a greater improvement in blood pressure and other heart disease markers than people who did not restrict carbs .

Bottom line: Refined carbs, especially sugar, may raise blood pressure. Some studies have shown that low carb diets may help reduce your levels.

Berries are full of more than just juicy flavor.

Theyre also packed with polyphenols, natural plant compounds that are good for your heart.

Polyphenols can reduce the risk of stroke, heart conditions, and diabetes, as well as improving blood pressure, insulin resistance, and systemic inflammation .

One study assigned people with high blood pressure to a low-polyphenol diet or a high-polyphenol diet containing berries, chocolate, fruits, and vegetables .

Heart Attack And Heart Disease

High blood pressure can damage your arteries by making them less elastic, which decreases the flow of blood and oxygen to your heart and leads to heart disease. In addition, decreased blood flow to the heart can cause:

  • Chest pain, also called angina.
  • Heart attack, which happens when the blood supply to your heart is blocked and heart muscle begins to die without enough oxygen. The longer the blood flow is blocked, the greater the damage to the heart.
  • Heart failure, a condition that means your heart cant pump enough blood and oxygen to your other organs.

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What Can I Do If Im Concerned About Caffeine And High Blood Pressure

If you are at all concerned about how your caffeine habit may be affecting your heart, here are a few things you can do to help ease your mind:

To sum it up: In most cases, a cup or two of your favorite caffeinated beverage in the morning wont cause any harm. Unless your doctor told you to specifically avoid it, its not something you should lose sleep over. The high blood pressure that comes right after drinking caffeine is temporary and wont make you any more likely to develop hypertension later in life.

Now, if youll excuse me, I need to finish my large, iced, French vanilla coffee.

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Combined Negative Effects Of High Blood Pressure And Heart Disease

Negative Effects Of High Blood Pressure On Your Body

Another of the long term effects of high blood pressure is elevated risk of heart disease. Heart disease is the leading cause of death globally, claiming almost 18 million lives each year. One of the biggest contributors to heart disease is high blood pressure.

High blood pressure weakens the walls of your arteries, making them more susceptible to building plaque deposits that harden, constrict, and narrow them. Those with high blood pressure may also be at a higher risk to develop blood clots, which can flow through the body until they begin to block blood to the heart or brain. This increases the risk for both heart attack and stroke.

Finding natural ways to reduce blood pressure may help reverse course for your risk of heart disease. Simple lifestyle adjustments like meditating, managing stress levels, or using tools like zero gravity chairs and portable massagers could all be useful. You should make a plan with your doctor for how to try and reverse your risk for heart disease caused by high blood pressure.

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Blood Pressure And The Heart

Theres a reason why your blood pressure is taken every time you visit a doctors office or hospital, regardless of the complaint that brought you there. High blood pressure is rightly known as the silent killer. It often carries no symptoms or warning signs but can drastically increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. The higher the number, the harder your heart is having to work to pump blood around your body and the more likely it is that damage is being done to the heart muscle. Since all parts of your body rely on circulation, though, its not just your heart that high blood pressure can impact. If blood doesnt flow easily, it can harm your arteries as well as vital organs such as the kidneys, eyes, and brain.

High blood pressure has been shown to damage the tiny blood vessels in the parts of your brain responsible for cognition and memory, greatly increasing your risk of developing Alzheimers disease or another dementia. Being diagnosed with cardiovascular disease can also take an emotional toll, affecting your outlook and making you more susceptible to anxiety and depression. And just as blood pressure may have an impact your mood, the reverse can also be true:

Is It Safe To Drink Coffee If You Have High Blood Pressure

Some people claim they cant function completely without drinking their morning cup of coffee first. And although there are benefits to drinking coffee, the research on coffee intake and blood pressure is conflicting and inconclusive, says Barbara George, MD, the director of the Center for Cardiovascular Health Medicine at NYU Winthrop Hospital on Long Island in New York.

When it comes to blood pressure, its important to know your numbers. The top number of your blood pressure reading, systolic blood pressure, measures the force the heart exerts on the walls of arteries as it beats. The bottom number, diastolic blood pressure, measures the force when the heart is at rest. A blood pressure of less than 120/80 mm Hg is considered normal. A reading of 130/80 mm Hg or higher is high blood pressure.

Heres what experts need you to know about the research on coffee and high blood pressure and any precautions you should take.

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How Blood Pressure Is Measured

Hypertension can be mild, moderate or severe. Your blood pressure is naturally higher when you are exerting yourself, such as during physical exercise. It is only a concern if your blood pressure is high when you are at rest, because this means your heart is overworked and your arteries have extra stress in their walls.Blood pressure readings are a combination of two measurements. These are:

  • Systolic is the highest pressure against the arteries as the heart pumps. The normal systolic pressure is usually between 110 and 130mmHg.
  • Diastolic is the pressure against the arteries as the heart relaxes and fills with blood. The normal diastolic pressure is usually between 70 and 80mmHg.

Does Coffee Raise Blood Sugar And Insulin Levels

Dr. Solot – Effects of Elevated Blood Pressure

I know this topic is about coffee drinking and blood pressure but a quick word about coffee and blood sugar wouldnt go amiss for completeness. The reason is most people who have concerns about their BP reading when they drink coffee also worry about the effect of coffee on their blood sugar levels too.

Not to mention that they may be concerned about coffee and their insulin level.

Truth be told, just like coffee and blood pressure studies, the results for coffee and blood sugar are mixed.

For instance, this meta-analysis tells us that caffeine intake increases blood glucose levels. Not just that, in majority of the studies they pooled together, the study results suggest that caffeine intake whether it be from coffee or tea prolongs the period of high blood sugar levels.

Some other reports like this one did not make any significant association either way, so long as the intake of coffee or caffeine was limited to 2.5 mg/kg body weight per day.

The same could be said for relationship between caffeine and insulin levels and insulin sensitivity. Some studies suggest caffeine will raise insulin levels, other say coffee or caffeine has no effect on insulin.

Others like this one however indicate caffeine or coffee is good for type 2 diabetes. Meaning coffee has a protective effect and actually improves insulin sensitivity. So, consuming coffee means you need less insulin to drop your blood glucose levels.

Lesson is:

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S To Lowering Your Blood Pressure

The first line of treatment for high blood pressure is to make healthy lifestyle changes:

  • Get active
  • Manage stress
  • Quit smoking
  • Its also important to take any antihypertensive medications your doctor recommends. There are many different types of medications available to control high blood pressure, so if one drug causes unpleasant side effects, your doctor can help you find a more suitable one.

    Even if your doctor also prescribes you medication to help tackle hypertension, controlling your weight, quitting smoking, improving your diet, managing stress, and getting regular exercise are critical for keeping your heart in shape and managing your blood pressure over the long term.

    If youve just been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease or have suffered a serious health event such as a stroke or heart attack, you may be experiencing a great deal of emotional upheaval. Its important to give yourself time to process the change in your health and be kind to yourself as you adjust to your new situation. But its also important to know there are plenty of things you can do to come to terms with your diagnosis and regain control of your health.

    Advancing Research For Improved Health

    In support of our mission, we are committed to advancing high blood pressure research in part through the following ways.

    Learn about exciting high blood pressure research we are exploring.

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    What Can I Do To Prevent Or Manage High Blood Pressure

    Many people with high blood pressure can lower their blood pressure into a healthy range or keep their numbers in a healthy range by making lifestyle changes. Talk with your health care team about

    • Getting at least 150 minutes of physical activity each week
    • Not smoking
    • Managing stress

    Learn more about ways to manage and prevent high blood pressure.

    In addition to making positive lifestyle changes, some people with high blood pressure need to take medicine to manage their blood pressure. Learn more about medicines for high blood pressure.

    Talk with your health care team right away if you think you have high blood pressure or if youve been told you have high blood pressure but do not have it under control.

    Making Changes If You Have Anxiety Or Depression

    Consequences of High Blood Pressure

    If your high blood pressure is co-occurring with a mental health problem such as depression or anxiety, it can be even tougher to find the energy and motivation to make the necessary lifestyle changes. Just thinking about exercising or preparing a healthy meal, for example, can seem overwhelming. But by focusing all your efforts on one tiny change at a time, youll find that youre capable of more than you realized.

    Take the first step. It could be as simple as going for a walk or downloading a meditation app or buying some nicotine patches. It can take time for lifestyle changes to register as a reduction in blood pressurebut sometimes they can improve your mood much sooner. Taking that first step is always the hardest.

    Focus on small steps. Its easy to get overwhelmed by daily life when youre battling depression, anxiety, or another mood disorder. By taking small but positive steps each day, though, youll find that your energy and outlook will gradually start to improve. Once you feel happier and more positive, youll find it easier to forge ahead with lifestyle changes and see the results in both your blood pressure readings and your overall outlook and wellbeing.

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    How Can I Be More Active

    • Check first with your healthcare provider before increasing your physical activity. Ask your provider what type and amount of exercise is right for you.
    • Choose aerobic activities such as walking, biking or swimming.
    • Start slowly and increase activity gradually. Aim for a regular routine of activity 5 times a week for 30 to 45 minutes each session.

    Know When To Call For Help For Complications

    Readings above 180/120 mm Hg are dangerously high and require immediate medical attention. Blood pressure this high can damage your organs. if you experience:

    • A sudden, severe headache
    • Difficulty breathing
    • Sudden, severe pain in your abdomen, chest, or back

    High blood pressure can also lead to heart attack or stroke. if you suspect this is happening to you or someone else.

    Heart attack

    The signs and symptoms of a heart attack include:

    • Nausea, vomiting, light-headedness or fainting, or breaking out in a cold sweat. These symptoms of a heart attack are more common in women.
    • Prolonged or severe chest pain or discomfort not relieved by rest or nitroglycerin. This involves uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain in the center or left side of the chest that can be mild or strong. This pain or discomfort often lasts more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back.
    • Shortness of breath. This may accompany chest discomfort or happen before it.
    • Upper body discomfort. This can be felt in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw, or upper part of the stomach.

    Stroke

    If you think someone may be having a stroke, act F.A.S.T. and perform the following simple test.

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    How Can You Reduce Your Risk Of High Blood Pressure

    Fortunately, there are certain things you can do to help reduce your risk of developing high blood pressure. These include the following:

    • Eat right: A healthy diet is an important step in keeping your blood pressure normal. The DASH diet emphasizes adding fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to your diet while reducing the amount of sodium. Since it is rich in fruits and vegetables, which are naturally lower in sodium than many other foods, the DASH diet makes it easier to eat less salt and sodium.
    • Keep a healthy weight: Going hand-in-hand with a proper diet is keeping a healthy weight. Since being overweight increases your blood pressure, losing excess weight with diet and exercise will help lower your blood pressure to healthier levels.
    • Cut down on salt: The recommendation for salt in your diet is to have less than 2,400 milligrams of sodium a day . To prevent hypertension, you should keep your salt intake below this level. Don’t forget that most restaurant foods and many processed and frozen foods contain high levels of salt. Use herbs and spices that do not contain salt in recipes to flavor your food do not add salt at the table.
    • Keep active: Even simple physical activities, such as walking, can lower your blood pressure .
    • Drinkalcoholin moderation: Having more than one drink a day and two drinks a day can raise blood pressure.

    Medication For High Blood Pressure

    ASK UNMC Side effects of high blood pressure

    This guide can only give general information. You should always get individual advice about your own health and any treatment you may need from a medical professional such as a GP or pharmacist.Tailoring your treatment

    The medication you take will be tailored to your individual needs. The medication recommended for you at first will depend on your age and ethnicity.

    You might take one type of medication or a combination of two or more types. This is because the drugs work in different ways, and rather than take more of one type, it can be more effective to take two or more different types. You may need to try different combinations to find out which works best for you. If you need to take four or more different types of medication to control your blood pressure, you should be referred to see a specialist.How long will I be on medication?

    The aim of the medication is to keep your blood pressure low and stable over many years. This helps to keep your blood vessels healthy and reduce the risk of a stroke. Some people may be advised to continue taking medication for high blood pressure for the rest of their lives. Talk to your doctor, pharmacist or stroke nurse to find out more about what is causing your blood pressure and the best treatment options for you.

    Making changes to your lifestyle such as stopping smoking or losing weight can help to lower blood pressure. With support from your doctor or pharmacist, some people may eventually be able to reduce or stop the medication.

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