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What Is The Average Blood Pressure Reading

What Should Your Blood Pressure Be At Age 68

What is a Normal Blood Pressure Reading?

The recommended blood pressure is about 120 / 80 but not above 140/90 For some people what might be classed as high bp in others is quite normal and healthy. So although some doctors may panic a bit at lower readings, others may not be too concerned. Theres some controversy! Well.am I not normal ? 1. Age 68 yrs male 2.

High Blood Pressure: Doctor Explains Benefits Of Hibiscus Tea

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High blood pressure can drive up your risk of developing serious health conditions, such as coronary heart disease and kidney disease. Lifestyle factors can cause your blood pressure to rise to an unhealthy level. Low blood pressure is less common but it can be just as concerning. How can you tell if your blood pressure is dangerously high?

High blood pressure is often related to lifestyle facts such as excessive drinking smoking, eating fatty foods and being overweight.

Living a sedentary lifestyle and not exercising enough can cause your blood pressure to rise.

High blood pressure is a major issue in the UK it affects around 25percent of all UK adults according to the NHS.

High blood pressure is also known as hypertension.

It can be hard to tell if you have the condition as symptoms only appear if your blood pressure gets extremely high.

What You Should Know About Fluctuating Blood Pressure In The Elderly

As you help monitor your loved ones blood pressure, keep in mind that numbers fluctuate slightly throughout the day thats normal. Several factors influence your blood pressure numbers. For example, your blood pressure may be lower if youre resting and higher if youre stressed. This means you may have a normal reading in the morning and an elevated number in the afternoon.

If youre concerned about excessive fluctuation in your loved ones blood pressure numbers:

  • Read instructions to ensure youre using your home blood pressure monitor equipment correctly. Variations in how you measure your loved ones blood pressure can result in different readings.
  • Bring your home monitor to your next doctors appointment to compare readings.
  • Be aware of white coat hypertension. In some cases, a persons blood pressure may be high at a doctors office but normal at home. This could be attributed to the stress related to a doctors appointment.

Your loved ones doctor may want you to keep a blood pressure diary with several readings a day for a couple of weeks to monitor any variations.

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What Do Blood Pressure Numbers Mean

Blood pressure readings are composed of two numbersfor example, 120/80 mm Hg.

The top number measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats. The bottom number measures the pressure in your arteries between each heart beat.

The standard unit of measure, mm Hg, stands for “millimeters of mercury.” Mercury pressure gauges have been replaced with electronic pressure gauges, but the abbreviation is still used.

Correct Way To Measure Blood Pressure With A Bp Monitor

What Does my Blood Pressure Reading Mean?

Take your blood pressure measurement in a peaceful, stress-free, and quiet spot at home. Sit in a comfortable chair with adequate back support. Keep your legs uncrossed, and be sure your feet lie flat on the floor.

Next, wrap the BP monitor’s cuff around the upper part of one of your bare arms. Make sure nothing is covering your arm the cuff should be in direct contact with your skin. The cuff should be snug, but you should still be able to slip at least one fingertip underneath.

Set your arm on a supportive surface, such as a desk. The cuff’s center part should be at heart level. Once you’re all set, you can turn on your BP monitor so that it can start taking your BP.

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What Is A Hypertensive Crisis

A hypertensive crisis occurs when blood pressure suddenly rises above 180 systolic and/or 120 diastolic. This prompt either a hypertensive urgency or hypertensive emergency.

A hypertensive urgency accounts for about 75% of hypertensive crises. In these cases, a person has high blood pressure, but without any serious accompanying symptoms. A hypertensive emergency requires immediate medical care, as high BP is accompanied by one or more serious symptoms, including:

  • Acute pulmonary edema

What Is Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the force applied by the blood over the inner walls of the arteries. Although the average blood pressure for a person remains constant, it shows minor fluctuations throughout the daydeclining while relaxing and momentarily increasing while being excited or under stress. An increase in the resting blood pressure can scar, stiffen, or harden the arteries.

Blood pressure is written as systolic and diastolic values. Hence, BP 120/80 mm Hg means 120 is the systolic number, and 80 is the diastolic number.

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What Factors Influence Blood Pressure

  • Age: Blood pressure tend to increase with age.
  • Gender: Women after puberty have low BP than men, whereas, after menopause, women tend high BP.
  • Genetics/family history: A family history puts you at risk of high BP.
  • Weight: Being overweight or obese increases your risk of high BP.
  • Diurnal variation: BP is lower in the morning and gradually increases throughout the day.
  • Stress: BP increases during stress, emotions, fear, and anger situations due to stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system.
  • Exercise: Physical activity increases BP, but regular exercises can keep BP in the lower range of normal.
  • Pregnancy:Progesterone relaxes the walls of blood vessels, causing decreased peripheral vascular resistance. Some women may develop pregnancy-induced hypertension.
  • Diseases: Diseases such as diabetes, kidney disease, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, Cushings syndrome, and pheochromocytoma can cause high BP.
  • Medications: Certain medications can affect BP such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antidepressants, antianxiety medications, and prednisone.
  • Alcohol or tobacco consumption: Drinking too much alcohol can increase your BP.

Categories Of Blood Pressure

What is a normal blood pressure reading?

According to guidelines from the American Heart Association, blood pressure is categorized into the following:

  • Normal: A BP reading of less than 120/80 mm Hg
  • Elevated: A consistent systolic reading of 120 to 129 and a diastolic reading below 80 mm Hg
  • Hypertension stage I: BP ranges from 130 to 139 systolic or 80 to 89 diastolic
  • Hypertension stage II: BP ranges above 140 systolic or above 90 diastolic
  • Hypertensive crisis: BP readings suddenly exceed 180 and/or 120 mm Hg, associated with organ damage
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    Investing In A Clinically

    As you shop for a BP monitor, look for a label that says “Recommended by Hypertension Canada.” Hypertension Canada is a non-profit organization dedicated to preventing and controlling hypertension. It helps in the clinical validation of the accuracy of BP devices for home monitoring.

    You can ask your doctor to help you pick the best blood pressure monitor in Canada, too. Your healthcare provider will also help you measure your arm so you can select the right cuff size. Your physician can also check your BP monitor every year to ensure it remains accurate.

    Lastly, check if your secondary health insurance covers medical devices. Your supplemental health plans may offer some form of coverage for BP monitors.

    What Are The Causes Of High Blood Pressure

    Elevated blood pressure increases your risk of chronic high blood pressure as you age. Taking steps to manage your blood pressure helps decrease this risk.

    There are also some health conditions that increase your risks of chronic high blood pressure, including obesity and diabetes. Other causes include:

    • Genetics/family history
    • Lack of exercise
    • Alcohol or tobacco abuse

    As adults age, their odds of high blood pressure increase, with 90% of Americans forecasted to develop high blood pressure in their lifetimes. Black people tend to develop high blood pressure more often and earlier in life compared to white people. Hispanics, Asians, American Indians, and Pacific Islanders also stand an increased risk of high blood pressure compared to other ethnicities.

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    Whats The Normal Blood Pressure For An 80 Year Old Man

    73 83. 75 79 years. 154 166. 80 87. Over 80 years. 147 162. 60 90. This table above shows ranges for normal blood pressure for men over 50 years of age. It is clear from the table that blood pressure rises after the age of 60 years and peaks at about 75-89 years and gradually reduces thereafter.

    Average Blood Pressure Reading By Age

    Making Sense of Blood Pressure Readings

    Synopsis: Blood pressure chart by age reveals if adults and children have high, low, or healthy average blood pressure range for their age. Systolic Pressure is the blood pressure reading when your heart beats. This reading is always the the first or top number. Diastolic Pressure is blood pressure measurement when your heart relaxes. This is always the the second or bottom number.

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    The Blood Pressure Chart

    Once you know your numbers, you can use the blood pressure chart to see what they mean and if your blood pressure is in the healthy range. The chart is suitable for adults of any age, as the cut-off point for diagnosing high blood pressure doesnt change with age.

    How to use the blood pressure chart

    Simply find your top number on the left side of the chart and your bottom number on the bottom. Where the two lines meet is your blood pressure.

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    The Blood Pressure Chart In Canada: Taking And Interpreting The Numbers

    The best blood pressure monitor in Canada used in healthcare offices is the AOBP monitor. AOBP stands for Automated Office Blood Pressure.

    Outside of the doctor’s office, a home blood pressure monitor will suffice. In fact, health experts recommend their use for patients with insufficient BP control. Health experts refer to this as home blood pressure monitoring .

    Here are some of the guidelines to keep in mind when buying and using a blood pressure monitor.

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    What Does A Blood Pressure Reading Look Like

    When you have your , you will be given two numbers, a top number and a bottom number.

    • Systolic blood pressure. This is the first, or top, number. This is the highest level your blood pressure reaches when your heart beats, forcing blood around your body.
    • Diastolic blood pressure. The second number, or bottom number, is the lowest level your blood pressure reaches as your heart relaxes between beats.

    Blood pressure is measured in millimetres of mercury . If the first number is 120 and the second number is 80, this would be written as 120/80mmHg, and youd call it 120 over 80.

    This video explains more about systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

    Preventing High Blood Pressure

    What is a normal blood pressure reading?

    To keep your blood pressure in the normal range, your daily habits are key. These things help:

    Donât smoke. Among the many health problems that smoking causes, it raises your blood pressure.

    Make physical activity a habit. Most experts recommend at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity five or more times a week. Or you could do a harder activity for a shorter period of time per session.

    Eat right. Read food labels to see how much sodium is in a serving. Check with your doctor to find out what your daily limit should be. Include a lot of vegetables and fruits, along with whatever else you choose to put on your plate.

    Stick to a healthy weight. Extra pounds raise your blood pressure. If youâre not sure what a healthy weight would be for you, ask your doctor.

    Get enough sleep. For most adults, thatâs 7-8 hours of sleep per night, on a regular basis.

    If you drink alcohol, limit it to no more than one drink a day if youâre a woman and up to two drinks a day if youâre a man.

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    What Does Blood Pressure Refer To

    Blood pressure refers to the force exerted by circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels and constitutes one of the bodies principal vital signs. The pressure of the circulating blood as blood moves through your arteries, arterioles, capillaries, and veins. The term blood pressure generally refers to your arterial pressure, i.e., the pressure in the larger arteries, arteries being the blood vessels which take blood away from the heart.

    Blood pressure is always given as two numbers

    • Systolic Pressure
    • Diastolic Pressure

    When the measurements are written, both are written as one above, or before, the other with the systolic being the first number, for example 120/75 .

    Blood pressure measurement is NOT the same as your heart rate or maximum heart rate measurement. Check what your heart rate for your age should be. You can calculate your predicted maximum heart rate by using the calculation: 220 – = Age Predicted Maximum Heart Rate – or see our Target Heart Rate Calculator and Chart.

    What To Do About High Blood Pressure In Men Over 50

    To achieve a normal blood pressure in men over 50 years, some form of mild sedative medicine may also be used. Apart from lifestyle changes and dietary alterations, it is also important to check and keep a record of your blood pressure readings. High blood pressure accelerates the processes of atherosclerosis within blood vessels.

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    What Are The Different Blood Pressure Categories

    Blood pressure can be categorized into five different types, namely:

    Normal: Blood pressure below 120/80 mm Hg is considered to be normal.

    Elevated: When blood pressure readings consistently range from 120 to 129 systolic and less than 80 mm Hg diastolic, it is known as elevated blood pressure. People with elevated blood pressure are at risk of high blood pressure unless steps are taken to control it.

    Hypertension stage I: In this condition, blood pressure readings consistently range from 130 to 139 systolic or 80 to 89 mm Hg diastolic. Doctors may prescribe blood pressure medications and some lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of heart diseases and stroke.

    Hypertension stage II: In this condition, blood pressure readings consistently range from 140/90 mm Hg or higher. The doctors may prescribe a combination of both medications and lifestyle changes.

    Hypertensive crisis: This is the most critical condition and requires emergency medical attention. In this condition, the blood pressure suddenly exceeds 180/120 mm Hg. Contact the physician immediately if the following symptoms are experienced:

    • Difficulty speaking

    What Do The Readings Mean

    Reading the new blood pressure guidelines

    As a general guide:

    140/90mmHg or over you may have high blood pressureMost doctors use 140/90mmHg as the cut off for point for diagnosing . This is the point where your risk of serious health problems goes up. They might prescribe and advise you to make changes to your to bring your blood pressure down. 120/80mmHg up to 140/90mmHg pre-high blood pressureAlso called high-normal blood pressure. This is not high blood pressure, but it is a little higher than it should be and means you could go on to develop high blood pressure. See how you can make to lower it. 90/60mmHg up to 120/80mmHg ideal blood pressureAlso called normal blood pressure. Your blood pressure reading is healthy. At this level you have a much lower risk of heart disease and stroke. Following a will help you to keep it in the healthy range. 90/60mmHg or lower you may have low blood pressure usually isnt a problem, but it can sometimes make you feel faint or dizzy or could be a sign of another health problem.

    The video below explains how your blood pressure numbers are linked to the risk of stroke and other disease.

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    Average Blood Pressure By Age

    As you get older, your blood vessels tend to become stiffer and plaque can build up in them, which can raise your blood pressure. If your blood pressure becomes too high, you’re at a greater risk for heart disease, strokes, and more.

    In 2015, the average blood pressure worldwide was 127/79 mm Hg in men, and 122/77 mm Hg in women, according to a study analysis published in Lancet.

    When researchers for the National Center for Health Statistics looked at average blood pressure in U.S. adults between 2001 and 2008, the average reading was 122/71 mm Hg. The breakout was 124/72 mm Hg for men, and 121/70 mm Hg in women. It rose by age and was significantly higher in Black people.

    The researchers found the following breakdown by age, sex, and race or ethnicity:

    Blood Pressure by Age

    As the population ages and life expectancy increases, high blood pressure is becoming more common.

    What Does The Systolic Blood Pressure Number Mean

    When your heart beats, it squeezes and pushes blood through your arteries to the rest of your body. This force creates pressure on those blood vessels, and that’s your systolic blood pressure.

    Hereâs how to understand your systolic blood pressure number:

    • Normal: Below 120
    • Stage 1 high blood pressure : 130-139
    • Stage 2 hypertension: 140 or more
    • Hypertensive crisis: 180 or more. Call 911.

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