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What Is The Difference Between Heart Rate And Blood Pressure

Exercise And Heart Rate

Blood Pressure and Heart Rate: What’s the Difference and Why Should You Care

Like any other muscle, your heart needs exercise to keep it fit and healthy. Regular exercise can help reduce your risk of heart disease and other health conditions, such as diabetes.

To keep your heart healthy, you should aim to do 150 minutes of low to moderate intensity exercise a week. If you have a heart condition, talk to your doctor about what exercise and target heart rates are safe for you.

One way to measure the intensity of your exercise is by using your heart rate. To exercise at a low to moderate intensity your heart rate should be at 50 to 70% of your approximate maximum heart rate.

The easiest way to get an approximate maximum heart rate is to calculate 220 your age. You then need to calculate 50 to 70% of your MHR.

For example, if you’re 40-years-old:

  • your approximate maximum heart rate is: 220 40 = 180 beats per minute
  • 50% of your MHR is 180 X 0.5 = 90 bpm
  • 70% of your MHF is 180 X 0.7 = 126 bpm.

Alternatively, you can use our heart rate chart below to get a rough idea.

Remember if you’re on medications to slow your heart rate down, you may not be able to meet these upper heart rates and the aim should be to exercise at a rate that makes you lightly puff.

Symptoms Of Low Blood Pressure And High Heart Rate

It is imperative for you to know the symptoms of this condition. If you are suffering from any of the symptoms on a chronic basis, you need to get the problem diagnosed and get it treated. The below-mentioned symptoms may vary from one individual to another

  • Anxiety and stress
  • Weakness

Risk Factors

Low blood pressure and high heart rate can occur to anyone at any time. However, there are some risk factors associated with this problem.

Age People older than 60 years are more likely to experience low blood pressure and high heart rate.

Diseases People who suffer diseases like diabetics, Parkinson disease, and certain heart conditions are more prone to low blood pressure problems.

Medications When you are using medicines that maintain a reasonable level of blood pressure, your body gets dependent on them and hence quitting these medicines can cause a drastic drop in blood pressure. Best way to discontinue such medications is according to the plan given by your doctor.

Blood Pressure Vs Heart Rate

What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of arteries to maintain healthy blood circulation to the entire body. The measuring unit for blood pressure is mmHg . The reading includes two numbers; systolic pressure and diastolic pressure . The optimal blood pressure is 110/70 mmHg, and the average blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg.

What is the heart rate? Heart rate is the number of times your heart beats per minute to fulfill energy needs of every cell in your body from head to feet. It is a single number; the measuring unit for heart rate is BPM . The average healthy heartbeat is 60 BPM.

The standard resting heart rate in adults is 60 to 90 BPM. Athletes often have been resting heart rates of below 60 BPM. The low pulse rate in athletes is due to their ability to pump a higher volume of blood per beat .

Elevate heart rate has an associated with elevated blood pressure, increased risk for development of hypertension & diabetes, and all-cause mortality.

In the HARVEST study, 15 % of hypertensive patients had a resting heart rate over 85 beats per minute, and approximately 27 % had a heart rate over 80 beats per minute.

Reference: Role of elevated heart rate in the development of cardiovascular disease in hypertension. Hypertension. 2011 Nov; 58:745-50.

In a large study in China, those who had a high-normal resting heart rate of 80 bpm to 90 bpm had a 40 percent shorter lifespan than those with a desirable heart rate of 60 bpm to 69 bpm.

Also Check: What Can Cause High Blood Pressure Spikes

How To Lower Your Resting Heart Rate

In general, people who are more fit and less stressed are more likely to have a lower resting heart rate. A few lifestyle changes can help you slow it down:

  • Exercise regularly. It raises your pulse for a while, but over time, exercise makes your heart stronger so it works better.
  • Eat right. Losing weight may slow your resting heart rate. And studies have found lower heart rates in men who eat more fish.
  • Tackle stress. Set aside time to disconnect from electronic devices and relax each day. Meditation, tai chi, and breathing exercises can also help.
  • Stop smoking. Itâs one of the best things you can do for your overall health.

Ask The Doctor: Does Heart Rate Affect Blood Pressure

Difference Between Heart Rate and Pulse Rate are explained ...

Q.;When doctors interpret a blood pressure reading, should they also consider the heart rate? I am a 78-year-old man and have had high blood pressure for more than 40 years. I frequently monitor my blood pressure at home, resting for five minutes before I take the reading. My blood pressure is often higher when my heart rate is close to its usual resting rate and lower when my heart is beating faster than that. Can the body’s demands that cause higher blood pressure be partially satisfied by a faster heart rate?

A.;First, let me congratulate you on monitoring your blood pressure at home. This is a great way for you to take control of your high blood pressure, and a good step toward preventing a stroke. Knowing that your blood pressure at home is under consistent control is more important than getting isolated readings at the doctor’s office. You are also resting before taking the reading, and this is important to avoid spuriously high readings that happen when someone rushes around, and then sits down quickly to take a blood pressure reading.

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How Blood Pressure And Heart Rate Are Related

Interestingly, your heart rate and blood pressure wont always rise and fall in sync. Even if they both rise, it doesnt mean theyll rise at the same rate. When exercising, your heart rate will increase, but your blood pressure may stay the same or increase to a lesser extent. Thats because the blood vessels increase in size to allow for faster and easier flow. The blood flow may not impact the blood pressure reading to the same degree as it does your heart rate.

Should I Be Concerned About Having High Blood Pressure And A Low Pulse

If youre taking blood pressure medication and have slightly high blood pressure and a low pulse, this generally isnt anything to be concerned about.

But if youre not taking any medication, its best to work with a doctor to figure out whats going on. This is especially true if you have symptoms of a low pulse, such as dizziness or shortness of breath.

The typical range of 60 to 100 beats per minute is both the average pulse measurement as well as the rate at which most peoples heart needs to beat to pump enough blood through their body.

Some people may simply have a lower pulse. Examples include athletes or those in very good shape. Theyve conditioned their heart muscle to be stronger. As a result, their heart pumps more effectively, meaning it doesnt need to beat as often. Learn more about why athletes have lower pulses.

Exercising can also temporarily raise your blood pressure. So, if you exercise regularly, you may have a naturally low pulse and higher blood pressure right after you work out.

Also Check: What Gives You High Blood Pressure

Health Conditions And Obesity

Health problems, disease, heart conditions, and other afflictions may be indicated by abnormal heart rates or pulses. Anyone who is concerned about his or her pulse and related heart rate should consult a doctor. Addressing the health hot topic of childhood obesity, one study, which looked at medical tests of about 40,000 teens, concluded that obesity increases both hypertension and resting heart rate.

Whats The Difference Between Blood Pressure And Heart Rate Anyway

Blood Pressure vs Heart Rate

Lets face facts: Odds are pretty good that youre not a doctor. Dont sweat it, your expertise likely lies elsewhere. But what that means is, sometimes your body does certain things, you know, exhibits certain signs, and youd be completely forgiven for not understanding perfectly what it is your body is trying to tell you. Totally natural!

Take, for instance, the heart. Its job, as far as most of us lay people can tell, is to beat, pumping blood and delivering oxygen to cells around our bodies. But another reason the heart is important is because of its status as an easily recognizable and measurable sign that we are or, perhaps arent healthy. The question for us lay people, though, is are we reading that sign correctly?;

For example, you might hear someone brag about their super-low resting heart rate, and how healthy they are. For the most part, thats true, but heres where it gets tricky: You can totally have a normal resting heart rate, AND unhealthy high blood pressure.

Wait heart rate and blood pressure are two different things? They sure are. If you knew that already, good for you, no need to go any further. But if youve been trying to measure the health of your heart with just the former and not the latter, you might want to keep reading.

What is a Resting Heart Rate Anyway?

So Then What Does Blood Pressure Measure?

The Treatment for High Blood Pressure is a Doctor that Cares

Read Also: What Is Hypertensive Blood Pressure

More About Heart Rate And Blood Pressure

Typically, when blood pressure and heart rate fall or rise at the same time they wont move at the same rate 5.

An example of this is during exercise when the heart rate increases but blood pressure may stay the same or increase to a lesser extent. This happens because even though the heart is beating more times per minute, healthy blood vessels will get larger to allow more blood flow.

The body has mechanisms to alter or maintain blood pressure and blood flow. Sensors located in the artery walls detect blood pressure. The sensors send signals to the heart, arterioles, veins and the kidneys causing them to make changes to blood pressure and the heart rate.

As you can see, blood pressure and heart rate are not always linked and they are two separate measurements and indicators of health 6.

Whats The Difference Between Blood Pressure And Pulse

Blood pressure and pulse are two measurements that a doctor may use to monitor your heart and overall health. While theyre similar, they can each say very different things about whats happening in your body.

Pulse, also called heart rate, refers to the number of times your heart beats in one minute. Typical pulse measurements range from 60 to 100 beats per minute.

Blood pressure is an estimate of the force your blood is exerting on your blood vessels. A typical value for blood pressure is 120/80. Doctors consider blood pressure to be elevated when its between 130 and 139 systolic over 80 to 89 diastolic .

If you have high blood pressure with a low pulse, it means your blood is putting increased pressure on your blood vessels, but your hearts beating fewer than 60 times per minute. Read on to learn more about what this combination means for your health.

Also Check: How To Get Rid Of Low Blood Pressure

What Is Blood Pressure

  • Blood pressure measures the force of the blood against your artery walls;as blood pumps through your body.;
  • Blood pressure is typically measured using two numbers. The top number is systolic pressure, and the bottom number is the diastolic pressure.;
  • Systolic pressure measures pressure while your heart pumps blood through your arteries. Diastolic pressure measures pressure as the heart rests between beats. A reading of 120/80 or less is considered ideal.

Measurement Of Blood Pressure And Pulse


The difference in the measurements lies in what a person measures: pressure against arteries versus actual heartbeats counted. To measure the blood pressure, a person uses a monitor known as a sphygmomanometer and a stethoscope. The cuff wraps snugly around the upper arm with the rubber tubing directly over the bend of the elbow where the main arteries are. Once secured, inflate the cuff until the needle reaches the 180 to 200 range. After placing the stethoscope head over the arteries, gradually release pressure while watching the dial and begin to listen carefully. Listening for the rhythm of the first heart’s beat and the last, the number noted at the sound of the first heartbeat represents the systolic; the number noted at the sound of the last beat in a rhythm represents the diastolic numbers of the blood pressure reading. Measuring the pulse involves gentle pressure using the artery in the wrist by placing the first two fingers on the thumb joint and following down to the inner wrist to feel the heartbeat. Counting beats for 30 seconds and multiplying by two gives the beats per minute. The most common sites for measuring the pulse aside from the wrist are found in the groin, back of the knees, neck, temple and the top of the foot.

Recommended Reading: What Do You Do When You Have Low Blood Pressure

What About Low Blood Pressure

It is safe to exercise if you have low blood pressure, but you might experience dizziness when standing up too fast, sweating, weakness, irregular pulse, nausea, or light-headedness.

Thats why its essential to speak to a doctor about choosing a safe exercise routine. For example, it will be good to eliminate exercises that can trigger symptoms, such as those that include moving quickly from a seated position to a standing position.

How Apple Watch Measures Your Heart Rate

The optical heart sensor;in Apple Watch uses;what is known as photoplethysmography. This;technology, while difficult to pronounce, is based on a very simple fact: Blood is red because it reflects red light and absorbs green light. Apple Watch uses green LED lights paired with lightsensitive photodiodes to detect the amount of blood flowing through your wrist at any given moment. When your heart beats, the blood flow in your wrist and the green light;absorption is greater. Between beats, its less. By flashing its LED lights hundreds of times per;second, Apple Watch can calculate the number of times the heart beats each minute; your heart rate. The optical heart sensor;supports;a range of 30210 beats per minute. In addition, the optical heart sensor is;designed to compensate for low signal levels by increasing both LED brightness and sampling;rate.

The optical heart;sensor can also use infrared light. This mode is what Apple Watch uses when it;measures your heart rate in the background, and for heart rate notifications.;Apple Watch uses green LED lights to measure your heart rate during workouts and Breathe sessions, and to calculate walking average and Heart Rate Variability .

*ECG isn’t supported on Apple Watch SE. The ECG app is currently available only in certain countries and regions.;Learn where the ECG app is available.

Recommended Reading: What Is The Proper Blood Pressure

The Differences Between Heart Rate & Blood Pressure

Blood pressure represents the force of your blood moving through the blood vessels.

Heart rate, or pulse, measures the number of heartbeats per minute.

In most cases, your blood pressure doesnt rise at the same pace as your heartbeat. Healthy blood vessels are able to dilate, allowing blood to maintain the optimal pace even as the heart speeds up. If your blood pressure spikes significantly with physical stress, or if it remains above the normal range, you likely have hypertension.

Eat More Foods High In Magnesium

Difference Between Pulse Rate and Blood Pressure

A small study in the International Journal of Hypertension found magnesium supplementation can reduce blood pressure in small amountsNguyen H, Odelola OA, Rangaswami J, Amanullah A. A Review of Nutritional Factors in Hypertension Management. International Journal of Hypertension. 2013;698940. . Talk to your doctor before taking magnesium supplements, especially if you have kidney disease. You can also safely incorporate high-magnesium foods into your diet. Dr. Desai recommends foods like leafy green vegetables and unsalted almonds.

Read Also: What Is S Normal Blood Pressure

About Glass Thermometers Containing Mercury

According to the Environmental Protection Agency, mercury is a toxic substance that poses a threat to the health of humans, as well as to the environment. Because of the risk of breaking, glass thermometers containing mercury should be removed from use and disposed of properly in accordance with local, state, and federal laws. Contact your local health department, waste disposal authority, or fire department for information on how to properly dispose of mercury thermometers.

What Is The Pulse Rate

The pulse rate is a measurement of the heart rate, or the number of times the heart beats per minute. As the heart pushes blood through the arteries, the arteries expand and contract with the flow of the blood. Taking a pulse not only measures the heart rate, but also can indicate the following:

  • Heart rhythm

  • Strength of the pulse

The normal pulse for healthy adults ranges from 60 to 100 beats per minute. The pulse rate may fluctuate and increase with exercise, illness, injury, and emotions. Females ages 12 and older, in general, tend to have faster heart rates than do males. Athletes, such as runners, who do a lot of cardiovascular conditioning, may have heart rates near 40 beats per minute and experience no problems.

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