HomeWhat Is The Normal Blood Pressure Level

What Is The Normal Blood Pressure Level

High Blood Pressure And Daily Activity

Understanding Blood Pressure Readings | Normal BP levels |

Check with your doctor before starting a new activity or increasing your level or intensity. Be active safely. Build up your levels of activity gradually.

Try to do at least 30 to 45 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity on most, if not all, days of the week. This can be done in bouts of 10 minutes or longer, if that is more convenient.

Physical activity is any form of bodily movement performed by our large muscle groups. Moderate-intensity physical activity , such as brisk walking or cycling, is enough to provide health benefits.

Walking is a great activity for all ages. You may like to join one of the Heart Foundations community walking groups.

Some types of exercises, such as body presses and lifting heavy weights, can raise your blood pressure. Avoid these if you have high blood pressure.

High Blood Pressure Categories

You can divide high blood pressure into five categories, according to guidelines from the American College of Cardiology:

  • Normal: Normal blood pressure in adults is any blood pressure below 120/80.
  • Elevated: In adults, elevated blood pressure is a systolic reading of 120-129 and a diastolic reading below 80.
  • Hypertension stage I: This stage includes blood pressures ranges of 130-139 or 80-89 .
  • Hypertension stage II: This stage includes blood pressures ranges above 140 or above 90 .
  • Hypertensive crisis: Severely elevated blood pressure is defined as greater than 180 and/or 120 and associated with new or worsening organ damage.

Will High Blood Pressure Effect My Chances Of Getting Pregnant

Women who improve their heart health before pregnancy can reduce their medical risks later. This proactive approach can lower the likelihood of pregnancy complications. If youre considering becoming pregnant, talk to your health care team about healthy changes you can make to help both you and your baby be healthier.

Doctors and researchers have found a link between birth control pills and an increase in blood pressure among some women. They say that it is more likely to occur in women who are overweight, have kidney disease or have a family history of high blood pressure.

Learn more about pregnancy and maternal health, including information on being healthy before, during and after a pregnancy.

Written by American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisers. See our editorial policies and staff.

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Why Is It Important To Know If You Have High Blood Pressure

Early detection of high blood pressure is very important. Often referred to as the silent killer because it may show no symptoms, high blood pressure puts you at an increased risk for heart disease, heart failure, and stroke, among other things. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2013, more than 360,000 deaths in the United States included high blood pressure as a primary or contributing cause.

Blood Pressure Is Diagnosed By A Doctor Using A Blood Pressure Machine The Process Includes:

New Blood Pressure Guidelines
  • Being seated in a chair with your back supported
  • Putting your feet flat on the floor and supporting your arm at heart level
  • Remaining quiet for five minutes and refraining from talking

It is very important to use the proper size cuff when taking a blood pressure reading. Failure to do so will lead to inaccuracies. A cuff that is too small for the arm circumference will give an artificially high reading. A cuff that is too large will give too low a reading. Initially, blood pressure should be measured in each arm to make sure both readings are the same. The arm with the higher readings should then be targeted for all future blood pressure checks.

If your blood pressure readings are high, your doctor may ask that you return for additional measurements on different days because blood pressure can vary widely from day to day.

Your doctor will most likely diagnose you with high blood pressure if you have several readings of 140/90 or higher. If you have readings of 130/80 or higher and are diabetic or have chronic kidney disease, you are likely to be diagnosed with high blood pressure.

What can I do if I am diagnosed with high blood pressure?

Eat healthy food

Make sure your diet emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy foods. An easy tool for planning health meals is the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet which can help you reduce your systolic blood pressure by 8-14 mm Hg.

Achieve and Maintain a Healthy Weight

Increase Physical Activity

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Who Is Affected By High Blood Pressure

Approximately 1 in 3, more than 100 million, American adults have high blood pressure. But only half of those people have their condition under control. Many people develop high blood pressure when they are in their late 30s or early 40s, and it occurs more frequently as people age. However, because of the obesity epidemic, more and more children are also developing high blood pressure.

The Definition For What Is Considered High Blood Pressure Has Been Tightened Here’s What You Need To Know

If you didn’t have high blood pressure before, there’s a good chance you do now.

In 2017, new guidelines from the American Heart Association, the American College of Cardiology, and nine other health organizations lowered the numbers for the diagnosis of hypertension to 130/80 millimeters of mercury and higher for all adults. The previous guidelines set the threshold at 140/90 mm Hg for people younger than age 65 and 150/80 mm Hg for those ages 65 and older.

This means 70% to 79% of men ages 55 and older are now classified as having hypertension. That includes many men whose blood pressure had previously been considered healthy. Why the change?

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Dangerous Blood Pressure Levelswhen To See A Doctor

Having blood pressure levels that go up and down a little bit is normal, but some blood pressure levels are considered unhealthy. When blood pressure levels are too high, this puts stress on the heart, blood vessels, brain, and eyes.

The CDC reports that most healthcare professionals consider blood pressure levels high if they read 130/80 mmHg, but high blood pressure doesnt become life-threatening until it reaches 180/120 mmHg or higher. This is called a hypertensive crisis and requires immediate medical attention. If your blood pressure goes above 180/120 mmHg and youre having chest pain, signs of a stroke, or heart attack, you should go to the ER, says Dr. Besser. Dangerous blood pressure levels that go unchecked can also cause:

  • Memory problems

What Are The Different Blood Pressure Categories

Is Your Blood Pressure Normal? What Is the Normal Blood Pressure Level? How to control BP | 24 Tamil

Blood pressure can be categorized into five different types, namely:

Normal: Blood pressure below 120/80 mm Hg is considered to be normal.

Elevated: When blood pressure readings consistently range from 120 to 129 systolic and less than 80 mm Hg diastolic, it is known as elevated blood pressure. People with elevated blood pressure are at risk of high blood pressure unless steps are taken to control it.

Hypertension stage I: In this condition, blood pressure readings consistently range from 130 to 139 systolic or 80 to 89 mm Hg diastolic. Doctors may prescribe blood pressure medications and some lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of heart diseases and stroke.

Hypertension stage II: In this condition, blood pressure readings consistently range from 140/90 mm Hg or higher. The doctors may prescribe a combination of both medications and lifestyle changes.

Hypertensive crisis: This is the most critical condition and requires emergency medical attention. In this condition, the blood pressure suddenly exceeds 180/120 mm Hg. Contact the physician immediately if the following symptoms are experienced:

  • Difficulty speaking

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What Is A Healthy Pressure Range

Blood pressure measures the force your heart uses to pump blood around the body.

Blood pressure is recorded in millimetres of mercury its measured using two recorded numbers, the systolic and diastolic pressure.

The first number is the systolic pressure is the force that your heart pumps blood around the body.

The second number in your reading is the diastolic pressure.

This number shows the resistance to blood flow in the blood vessels.

Healthy blood pressure should sit between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg.

If your readings sit above 120/80mmHg you could be at risk of high blood pressure.

Elevated blood pressure readings range from 120 to 129 systolic and less than 80 mm Hg diastolic.

Brits with elevated blood pressure are at risk of developing high blood pressure without preventative steps, such as changing unhealthy lifestyle habits.

But blood pressure increases as you get older according to the medical website Thrombocyte so what is a healthy level for your age?

Role Of Doctors And Health Care Providers

Most hypertension cases can be treated at primary health care level. Doctors and other trained health care officials play a vital role in the detection and treatment of high blood pressure. WHO has developed guidelines and several tools to assist health care providers in offering affordable treatment of high blood pressure at the primary care level.

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How Is Blood Pressure Diagnosed

Your doctor will use a blood pressure machine, placing the inflatable cuff around your arm while you are seated. It takes less than five minutes. If your blood pressure readings are high, your doctor may ask that you return for additional measurements on different days because blood pressure can vary widely from day to day.

Your doctor will most likely diagnose you with high blood pressure if you have several readings of 140/90 or higher. If you have readings of 130/80 or higher and are diabetic or have chronic kidney disease, you are likely to be diagnosed with high blood pressure.

Where Can I Get My Blood Pressure Checked

Blood pressure readings: What they mean

You can get your blood pressure measured

  • By a health care team member at a doctors office.
  • At a pharmacy that has a digital blood pressure measurement machine.
  • With a home blood pressure monitor that you can use yourself.

Take this form pdf icon with you on your first blood pressure visit to record important blood pressure-related information.

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If You Notice A Sudden Decline In Blood Pressure

A single lower-than-normal reading is not cause for alarm, unless you are experiencing any other symptoms or problems. If you experience any dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea or other symptoms, its a good idea to consult with your healthcare provider. To help with your diagnosis, keep a record of your symptoms and activities at the time they occurred.

Is low blood pressure related to low heart rate? Find out.

Written by American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisers. See our editorial policies and staff.

Last Reviewed: Oct 31, 2016

How Can I Measure My Blood Pressure At Home

Talk with your health care team about regularly measuring your blood pressure at home, also called self-measured blood pressure monitoring.

SMBP means you regularly use a personal blood pressure measurement device away from a doctors office or hospitalusually at home. These blood pressure monitors are easy and safe to use. A health care team member can show you how to use one if you need help.

Evidence shows that people with high blood pressure are more likely to lower their blood pressure if they use SMBP combined with support from their health care team than if they dont use SMBP.3

Use these additional tips for SMBP:4

  • Use a blood pressure log pdf icon to record your blood pressure measurements.
  • Take your blood pressure at the same time every day.
  • Take at least two readings, 1 or 2 minutes apart.

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What Are Normal Blood Pressure Levels

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Blood pressure is the force of blood against blood vessel walls as it moves throughout the circulatory system. A persons blood pressure will rise and fall throughout the day, but having abnormally high or low blood pressure could indicate underlying health conditions. Lets take a more in-depth look at blood pressure levels to understand what it means if your blood pressure is high or low.

Measuring Blood Pressure With A Sphygmomanometer

Understanding blood pressure: What is normal?

A sphygmomanometer has three parts:

  • a cuff that can be inflated with air,
  • a pressure meter for measuring air pressure in the cuff, and
  • a stethoscope for listening to the sound the blood makes as it flows through the brachial artery .

The scale of the pressure meter ranges from 0 to 300 mmHg. The pressure meter has a rubber pump on it for inflating the cuff and a button for letting the air out.

To measure blood pressure, the cuff is placed around the bare and stretched out upper arm, and inflated until no blood can flow through the brachial artery. Then the air is slowly let out of the cuff.

As soon as the air pressure in the cuff falls below the systolic blood pressure in the brachial artery, blood will start to flow through the arm once again. This creates a pounding sound when the arteries close again and the walls of the vessels hit each other after a heart beat. The sound can be heard by placing the stethoscope close to the elbow. Right when you start to hear this pounding for the first time you can read your systolic blood pressure off the pressure meter.

The pounding sound stops when the air pressure in the cuff falls below the diastolic blood pressure in the brachial artery. Then the blood vessels remain open. Right when the pounding stops, you can read the diastolic blood pressure off the pressure meter.

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What Causes Low Blood Pressure

There are many possible reasons for low blood pressure, according to both Dr. Wong and Dr. Desai, including:

  • Heart problems like heart failure or low heart rates
  • Endocrine problems, such as parathyroid disease, adrenal insufficiency or hypoglycemia
  • Dehydration
  • Side effects of medications for high blood pressure, prostatic hypertrophy, Parkinsons disease, depression and erectile dysfunction
  • Massive weight loss
  • Rapid heart rate

What Is The Best Treatment For High Blood Pressure

Depending on your high blood pressure, lifestyle changes and/or medications may be helpful in maintaining a healthy and normal blood pressure. Some common lifestyle recommendations include:

  • Eat heart-healthy foods, particularly those low in sodium
  • Abstain from alcohol or limit your use
  • Get and stay active
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    Reading A Blood Pressure Chart

    Your BP monitor will display two numbers. The first number is systolic blood pressure . The second number is diastolic blood pressure .

    In Canada, the ideal or low-risk systolic pressure is 120 or less. By contrast, the optimal diastolic blood pressure is 80 or less. So, if your BP reading is 120/80 or 117/78, you have normal blood pressure levels.

    Keep Yourself At A Healthy Weight

    Blood Pressure Chart &  Numbers (Normal Range, Systolic ...

    Having overweight or obesity increases your risk for high blood pressure. To determine whether your weight is in a healthy range, doctors often calculate your body mass index . If you know your weight and height, you can calculate your BMI at CDCs Assessing Your Weight website. Doctors sometimes also use waist and hip measurements to assess body fat.

    Talk with your health care team about ways to reach a healthy weight, including choosing healthy foods and getting regular physical activity.

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    What Is Blood Pressure

    Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as the heart pumps blood. When a health care professional measures your blood pressure, they use a blood pressure cuff around your arm that gradually tightens. The results are given in two numbers. The first number, called systolic blood pressure, is the pressure caused by your heart contracting and pushing out blood. The second number, called diastolic blood pressure, is the pressure when your heart relaxes and fills with blood.

    A blood pressure reading is given as the systolic blood pressure number over the diastolic blood pressure number. Blood pressure levels are classified based on those two numbers.

    • Low blood pressure, or hypotension, is systolic blood pressure lower than 90 or diastolic blood pressure lower than 60. If you have low blood pressure, you may feel lightheaded, weak, dizzy, or even faint. It can be caused by not getting enough fluids, blood loss, some medical conditions, or medications, including those prescribed for high blood pressure.
    • Normal blood pressure for most adults is defined as a systolic pressure of less than 120 and a diastolic pressure of less than 80.
    • Elevated blood pressure is defined as a systolic pressure between 120 and 129 with a diastolic pressure of less than 80.
    • High blood pressure is defined as 130 or higher for the first number, or 80 or higher for the second number.

    Blood Pressure Readings Explained

    What do the numbers mean?

    Everyone would like to have healthy blood pressure. But what exactly does that mean?

    When your doctor takes your blood pressure, its expressed as a measurement with two numbers, with one number on top and one on the bottom , like a fraction. For example, 120/80 mm Hg.

    The top number refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries during the contraction of your heart muscle. This is called systolic pressure.

    The bottom number refers to your blood pressure when your heart muscle is between beats. This is called diastolic pressure.

    Both numbers are important in determining the state of your heart health.

    Numbers greater than the ideal range indicate that your heart is working too hard to pump blood to the rest of your body.

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    Understanding The Acc/aha Definition

    It’s important to mention that the definition of high blood pressure according to the ACC/AHA defers slightly from other professional societies, such as the European Society of Cardiology and the European Society of Hypertension .

    The ESC/ESH defines high blood pressure as a systolic blood pressure that is 140 mmHg or higher or a diastolic blood pressure that is greater than 90 mmHg.

    The differences in definition are based on results from large studies that examined the link between blood pressure and the occurrence of heart attacks and strokes.

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