What Happens In The Hypertensive Body
A normal blood pressure is one that is at most 120 millimetres of mercury for systolic pressure and 80 millimetres of mercury for diastolic ones. Above these values we are dealing with a case of high blood pressure. The measurement of the values is artificial, that is to say that medicine has elaborated these parameters to determine when there are irregularities. What you do is actually measure the force that the blood exerts on the artery walls .
These normal values are regularly updated and analyzed by world associations dedicated to the subject. The consensus is international, national or regional, and guidelines are also written for specific diseases, such as kidney failure or diabetes.
The hypertensive body, independently of the cause behind it, suffers the effects chronically. The increased force on the arteries damages them, damaging the endothelium , which is the inner layer of the vessels. The endothelial damage happens gradually, contributing to the emergence of thrombi and blood clots. Those wounds within the vessel stimulate the accumulation of cells, platelets, and fibrous substances that slow down circulation.
This explains why, beyond the causes of high blood pressure, the end result is associated with heart attacks and strokes. This disease is considered to be the main cardiovascular risk factor that exists.
Classification Of Blood Pressure
Blood pressure in adults is classified as normal, elevated blood pressure, stage 1 hypertension, or stage 2 hypertension.
However, the higher the blood pressure, the greater the risk of complicationseven within the normal blood pressure rangeso these limits are somewhat arbitrary.
Stage 2 high blood pressure
140 or higher
90 or higher
* People who have systolic and diastolic blood pressures in different categories are considered to be in the higher blood pressure category.
Information is based on the 2017 Guidelines for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults issued by the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association.
A hypertensive urgency is diastolic blood pressure that is more than 120 mm Hg but has not yet caused any organ damage that is apparent to people or their doctors. A hypertensive urgency usually does not cause symptoms.
A hypertensive emergency is a particularly severe form of high blood pressure. Diastolic blood pressure is at least 120 mm Hg, and there is evidence of progressive damage in one or more vital organs , often accompanied by a variety of symptoms. Hypertensive emergencies are uncommon, but they are several times more common among blacks than among whites, among men than among women, and among people in lower socioeconomic groups than among those in higher socioeconomic groups. If untreated, a hypertensive emergency can be fatal.
High Diastolic Blood Pressure Meaning
If youve noticed the lower number on your blood pressure measurements has been high lately, your curiosity may be peaked. Common thoughts may be, is it too high or should I be worried? Therefore, lets answer the question, what does it mean when the diastolic blood pressure number is high?
A high diastolic blood pressure number means the pressure against the artery walls is increased when the heart is relaxed. A consistently high diastolic number of 80 mmHg or more increases the risk of higher systolic blood pressure, ischemic heart disease and stroke as a person ages.
This article will explain details everyone should know about high diastolic blood pressure. Ill inform you what the different diastolic numbers indicate, causes, consequences and ways to lower it.
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Signs Of High Blood Pressure
You may never know that you have hypertension unless its extreme. While it may be challenging to ascertain high blood pressure without a medical diagnosis, several symptoms show its severity. Lets explore some of them.
- Extreme headaches
- Presence of blood in the urine
- Irregular heartbeat
- Pains in the chest area
- Pounding in the chest
- Blood spots in the eyes
However, for a proper diagnosis, you must visit your doctor for tests.
The #1 Cause Of High Blood Pressure According To Science
Nearly every time you walk into a doctor’s office or hospital, one of the first things they do is check your blood pressure. High blood pressure is when the force of blood flowing through your blood vessels is consistently too high, per the CDCand, there’s a good chance yours is. Approximately half of Americans suffer from hypertension, which is the primary or contributing cause of around 500,000 deaths per year. What exactly is it and what is the number one cause? Here is everything you need to know about high blood pressure. Read onand to ensure your health and the health of others, don’t miss these Sure Signs You Have “Long” COVID and May Not Even Know It.
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Prognosis Of High Blood Pressure
Untreated high blood pressure increases a person’s risk of developing heart disease , kidney failure, or stroke at an early age. High blood pressure is the most important risk factor for stroke. It is also one of the three most important risk factors for heart attack that a person can modify .
Treatment that lowers high blood pressure greatly decreases the risk of stroke and heart failure. Such treatment may also decrease the risk of a heart attack, although not as dramatically.
Add Healthy Foods To Your Diet
Slowly work your way up to eating more servings of heart-healthy plants. Aim to eat more than seven servings of fruits and vegetables each day. Then aim to add one more serving per day for two weeks. After those two weeks, aim to add one more serving. The goal is to have ten servings of fruits and vegetables per day.
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Including Diastolic Hypertension Causes Symptoms Treatment And Medication And Possible Complications
Diastolic hypertension is also refereed to as Isolated Diastolic Hypertension or IDH in short. Some medical professionals are more comfortable dropping the âIsolatedâ prefix which they worry would minimize IDH and its health implications.
While for the longest time, isolated systolic blood pressure has been clinically recognized as a hypertension subgroup, this has not been the case with diastolic high blood pressure. Yet, studies show that IDH is an emerging problem in developing countries.There are a few things to have some clarity on as we explore in detail intriguing scientific research findings to do with diastolic high blood pressure.
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What Are The Different Types Of High Blood Pressure
There are two main types of high blood pressure: primary and secondary high blood pressure.
- Primary, or essential, high blood pressure is the most common type of high blood pressure. For most people who get this kind of blood pressure, it develops over time as you get older.
- Secondary high blood pressure is caused by another medical condition or use of certain medicines. It usually gets better after you treat that condition or stop taking the medicines that are causing it.
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You Rely Too Heavily On Convenient Processed Foods
Excessive sodium intake has a direct impact on blood pressure. More salt equals more sodium in the blood, which then pulls water from the surrounding tissues into your vessels and increases blood volume, says Dr. Beniaminovitz. More blood volume leads to higher blood pressure.
But if youre thinking, I dont even use that much salt, its probably still hiding elsewhere in your diet. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Americans are consuming an average of 3,400 mg of sodium per day, which is well beyond the recommended cap of 2,300 mg per day. And of that, more than 70% of a persons sodium intake is coming from processed and restaurant foods, including things like bread, breakfast cereal, chips, cookies, pizza, canned beans and veggies, canned soups, and pasta saucenot the salt shaker itself.
Additionally, a diet heavy in processed foods can cause weight gain, and when people are overweight, the body has to pump blood to more tissue, which can increase blood pressure, says Dr. Philips. We see an extremely large amount of high blood pressure in obese patients.
BP fix: Cut way back on packaged foods.
Eating Too Much Sodium
Regularly eating too much sodium is known to increase your risk of hypertension. Americans seem to over-consume salt. The American Heart Association recommends eating less than 1500 mg of salt a day, but on average, Americans eat over 3400 mg daily! Reducing that by just 1000 mg can have great benefits.
Long-term, high-salt intake can increase your risk for stroke, heart problems, and other health issues. Older adults, African Americans, and people with diabetes or kidney problems may need to aim for even lower salt intake than the 1500 mg per day recommendation, as research shows that blood pressure in these groups tends to respond more strongly to salt.
If you regularly consume a lot of salt, lowering your salt intake can help to lower your risk for hypertension and other heart problems. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has a great guide to help you here.
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Causes For High Blood Pressure
Ditch the potato chips, save your heart. A recent study from the journal Circulation found eating a diet high in salt for several years can damage your blood vesselsupping your risk for developing high blood pressure.
Researchers recruited 5,556 people who didnt have high blood pressure and measured the sodium concentrations in their blood. When the researchers checked in roughly 7 years later, participants with the highest blood sodium levelswhich signals a high-salt dietwere 21 percent more likely to have high blood pressure than people with the lowest levels.
But a diet high in salt isnt the only thing thats causing your blood pressure to go though the roof. In fact, according to a report from the Institute of Medicine, a diet high in salt is believed to be responsible for only 20 to 40 percent of all cases of high blood pressure in the United States. So to improve your odds and protect your pump, avoid the other major culprits below.
Your Stressful ScheduleChronic stress, like the kind you experience every day during your 9-to-5, can significantly increase your blood pressure, says Eric Topol, M.D., Mens Health advisor and cardiologist at Scripps Health. Your move: Grab a glass of milk. Stress lowers your levels of serotonin, which is the bodys go-to stay-calm chemical. But milk contains whey protein, which Dutch researchers found can help boost tryptophan, one of the building blocks of serotonin, by 43 percent.
How Common Is High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is a common condition, it is estimated that 18% of adult men and 13% of adult women have high blood pressure but are not getting treatment for it.
In 90-95% of cases, there is no single identifiable reason for a rise in blood pressure. But all available evidence shows that lifestyle plays a significant role in regulating your blood pressure.
Risk factors for high blood pressure include:
- poor diet
- being overweight
- excessive alcohol consumption.
Also, for reasons not fully understood, people of Afro-Caribbean and South Asian origin are more likely to develop high blood pressure than other ethnic groups.
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High Diastolic Blood Pressure Ranges
Diastolic has different blood pressure ranges depending on what your numbers are 1. There are fine lines between normal, elevated and high. Lets take a look at the numbers and find out, what is considered high diastolic blood pressure?
High diastolic blood pressure is a diastolic number 80 mmHg or more. High Blood Pressure Stage 1 is a diastolic number between 80-89 mmHg. High Blood Pressure Stage 2 is a diastolic number 90 mmHg or higher. Hypertensive Crisis is a diastolic number 121 mmHg or higher.
The diastolic numbers and ranges are listed in the blood pressure chart below 2.
Notice each of the high diastolic ranges is irregardless of the systolic blood pressure number. The normal and elevated ranges require both the systolic and diastolic number to fall into each range indicated with the word and.
What The Numbers Mean
For most adults, a normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg.Your blood pressure is considered high when you have consistent systolic readings of 130 mm Hg or higher or diastolic readings of 80 mm Hg or higher.
For children younger than 13, blood pressure readings are compared with readings common for children of the same, age, sex, and height. Read more about blood pressure readings for children.
Talk to your doctor if your blood pressure readings are consistently higher than 120/80 mm Hg. NHLBI-supported research indicates that systolic blood pressure greater than 120 mm Hg can be increasingly harmful to health. Note that readings above 180/120 mm Hg are dangerously high and require immediate medical attention.
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What Is High Blood Pressure Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment And Prevention
High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is a common disease that occurs when the pressure in your arteries is higher than it should be.
Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood throughout the body. If left untreated, high blood pressure can lead to health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, vision loss, and more.
Youre Having More Than One Alcoholic Drink Per Day
For people who already drink, moderate alcohol consumption is often not a problem, and some research suggests it may even help prevent heart disease. However, heavier alcohol consumptionespecially frequent binge drinking episodescan lead to chronically elevated blood pressure, says Dr. Philips. Research has also tied binge drinking to an increased risk of developing atherosclerosisbuildup of fatty plaque in the arteries, which can lead to heart attack and stroke.
BP fix: If youre going to drink, drink moderately.
One drink equals 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of spirits. And if its really more about the ritual than the alcohol itself, consider periodically swapping out your glass of cabernet for a kombucha or one of those trendy new non-alcoholic cocktails from brands like Curious Elixirs, Seedlip, and Kin.
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Managing High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy
As part of your regular prenatal care, your doctor will measure your blood pressure at each visit. Learn more about how to prepare for a blood pressure test.
If you have high blood pressure, your doctor will closely monitor you and your baby and provide special care to lower the chance of complications. You may need to:
- Check your blood pressure at home. Visit Measure Your Blood Pressure for more information.
- Keep track of how many times you feel the baby kicking each day.
- Limit your physical activity. Talk to your doctor about what level of physical activity is right for you.
- Take medicine to control your blood pressure. If you do, talk to your doctor about which medicines are safe for your baby. These medicines may include calcium-channel blockers , taken by mouth, or beta blockers or vasodilators , given through an IV.
- Take aspirin in the second trimester, if you are at risk of preeclampsia and your doctor recommends aspirin.
- Visit your doctor more often to monitor your condition and your babys growth rate and heart rate. He or she may order blood and urine tests to check how well your organs are working, which can help detect preeclampsia.
If your doctor is concerned about you or your babys health, they may recommend that you deliver your baby before 39 weeks. You may need to stay in the hospital to get medicine that will help your babys lungs develop faster and to be monitored before and after you deliver your baby.
High Blood Pressure: The Silent Killer
High blood pressure is often called the silent killer because it has no symptoms. It can cause a heart attack, heart failure, a stroke, or kidney failure. The only way to know if you have it is to have a doctor check your blood pressure at your annual checkup. You can also do it yourself with a blood pressure monitor.
Your blood pressure measures the force of blood as it pushed against the arterial walls. When your blood pressure is taken, two things are measured. One is your systolic pressure, which is the pressure when your heart is beating.
The other is your diastolic pressure, which is the pressure when your heart is between beats, or at rest. Your blood pressure is expressed as systolic pressure over diastolic pressure. Healthy blood pressure in most people is 120/80. This is a systolic measurement of 120 and a diastolic measurement of 80.
Blood pressure that is too low can be a concern as well, particularly in older people. Some doctors aim for blood pressure in those over 65 to be maintained at a slightly higher level. Healthy blood pressure in seniors may be 140/90, 150/80 or 150/85.
The following video provides further detail:
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