Why Your Blood Pressure Should Be Less Than 130/80
Your blood pressure is a good indicator of your overall health. Ideally, you want it to be less than 130/80 to prevent things like hypertension. However, what does this number mean, and why should your blood pressure be less than that?
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Eat Some Dark Chocolate
Yes, chocolate lovers: Dark chocolate has been shown to lower blood pressure.
But the dark chocolate should be 60 to 70 percent cacao. A review of studies on dark chocolate has found that eating one to two squares of dark chocolate per day may help lower the risk of heart disease by lowering blood pressure and inflammation.
The benefits are thought to come from the flavonoids present in chocolate with more cocoa solids. The flavonoids help dilate, or widen, your blood vessels .
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Taking Your Blood Pressure At Home
Your doctor may instruct you to monitor your blood pressure at home on a regular basis. Home blood pressure monitoring is an excellent way to keep track of your blood pressure. It lets your doctors know if your medication is working or if your condition is worsening.
Local shops and pharmacies sell home blood pressure monitors.
When available, the American Heart Association suggests using a monitor with a cuff that wraps around your upper arm for the most accurate blood pressure reading.
The American Heart Association does not advocate devices that monitor your blood pressure at your wrist or finger since they might produce less trustworthy findings.
How Can You Manage Your High Blood Pressure
Treatment of high blood pressure often starts with lifestyle changes, including decreasing salt in your diet, losing weight if necessary, stopping smoking, cutting down on alcohol use, and regular exercise.
In addition to lifestyle changes, medications are often used to lower blood pressure. There are several types of medications that treat high blood pressure with each type of medication having benefits and risks that should be carefully weighed by you and your health care provider. Most people take more than one medication in order to bring their blood pressure down to their treatment goal.
Your blood pressure medication should begin to work within days. However, because high blood pressure is a long-lasting medical condition that often has little or no symptoms, remembering to take your medications can be a challenge. Combination medicines, long-acting or once-a-day medications, may be used to decrease the burden of taking numerous medications and help ensure medications regularly. Once started, the medication should be used until your doctor tells you to stop.
Controlling your blood pressure should be part of a healthy living plan and lifelong task. The damage that high blood pressure causes your internal organs does not cause any symptoms until serious damage has been done.
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Blood Pressure Target In The Elderly
The efficacy of anti-hypertensive treatment in reducing CV events in the elderly was established after the publication of the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program , the Systolic Hypertension in Europe Trial and the Systolic Hypertension in China trial.25),26),27) The enrollment criteria of these 3 clinical trials was hypertensive subjects over age 60 with SBP between 160219 mmHg and DBP below 90 mmHg for SHEP and DBP below 95 mmHg for Syst-Eur and Syst-China trials and the achieved SBP for the active treatment group was between 140150 mmHg for all 3 trials. For the very elderly, defined as hypertensive subjects over the age of 80, the Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial demonstrated that for subjects with baseline SBP 160 mmHg, active treatment was associated with significant reduction in fatal or non-fatal stroke, stroke mortality, CV mortality, and heart failure. The achieved SBP in the HYVET trial was also between 140150 mmHg.28) However, both the Japanese Trial to Assess Optimal Systolic Blood Pressure in the Elderly Hypertensive Patients and Valsartan in Elderly Isolated Systolic Hypertension study failed to demonstrate the benefit of lowering SBP below 140 mmHg in the elderly.29),30) As such, the target SBP in the elderly in the major clinical guidelines remained at 150 mmHg until most recently.16),17)
Do You Have High Blood Pressure What The Guidelines Say
Your blood pressure is an important part of your overall health.
But what is it? Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your blood vessels. If it is too high, it can put a strain on your heart and blood vessels, and can lead to increased risk of heart disease and stroke.
Your blood pressure is measured using a device called a sphygmomanometer that cuff that goes around your arm. The measurement then indicates a unit of pressure known as millimeters of mercury . It shows how hard your heart is working to pump blood.
Your blood pressure is written as two numbers. The top number, known as the systolic pressure, measures the force of the blood against the artery walls when the heart contracts to pump blood out. It is working its hardest at that point.
The bottom number is the diastolic pressure, which shows the force of the blood when the heart is resting in between contractions. That number is lower.
Doctors use standard guidelines to determine if your blood pressure falls into a range known as normal. If it is too high and is consistently higher than the guidelines, it known as hypertension.
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Urgent Care Center In Rochester New York
Regular medical checkups can benefit your health in a lot of ways. Monitoring your vitals, like your blood pressure, and chronic disease management can get you ahead of the possible illness and complications you might develop. Prevention is always better than a cure.
Reach out to us at the Cornerstone Urgent Care Center for in-house diagnostic testing and your other medical needs. You may contact us at 207-0088 or send us a message to let us know youre coming. We are open from 8 am to 8 pm Mondays to Fridays and 9 am to 7 pm during the weekends. We look forward to helping you live a healthier life!
What Is Blood Pressure
Blood pressure measures how strongly your blood pushes against the walls of your arteries. The two numbers in a blood pressure measurement are systolic and diastolic pressure. The first number that appears is the systolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the pressure in your arteries when your heart pumps blood. Diastolic pressure indicates the pressure on the artery when the heart rests in between beats.
Normal blood pressure is set at 120/80 for adults. A blood pressure of 130/80 is considered stage 1 high blood pressure. When your blood pressure is frequently at this level or higher, you may have hypertension.
Your blood pressure is affected by a lot of things. For one, age is a major contributing factor. As you age, your arteries narrow, which makes it harder for blood to flow through them. Other illnesses or organ problems raise your blood pressure. Likewise, women are at a higher risk of developing high blood pressure. Sometimes, daily activities such as doing strenuous physical activities, eating a lot, or stress can also increase your blood pressure.
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Consider Cutting Back On Caffeine
Caffeine raises your blood pressure, but the effect is temporary.
In a 2017 study, the systolic blood pressure of 18 participants was elevated for 2 hours after they drank 32 ounces of either a caffeinated drink or an energy drink. Blood pressure then dropped more quickly for the participants who drank a caffeinated drink .
Some people may be more sensitive to caffeine than others. If youre caffeine-sensitive, you may want to cut back on your coffee consumption, or try .
Research on caffeine, including its health benefits, is in the news a lot. The choice of whether to cut back depends on many individual factors.
One older study indicated that caffeines effect on raising blood pressure is greater if your blood pressure is already high. This same study, however, called for more research on the subject .
If your blood pressure is very high or doesnt decrease after making these lifestyle changes, your doctor may recommend prescription drugs.
They work and will improve your long-term outcome, especially if you have other risk factors . However, it can take some time to find the right combination of medications.
Talk with your doctor about possible medications and what might work best for you.
How Do I Know If I Have High Blood Pressure
Theres only one way to know if you have high blood pressure: Have a doctor or other health professional measure it. Measuring your blood pressure is quick and painless.
Talk with your health care team about regularly measuring your blood pressure at home, also called self-measured blood pressure monitoring.
High blood pressure is called the silent killer because it usually has no warning signs or symptoms, and many people do not know they have it.
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Treatment For Low Or High Blood Pressure
Your reading may indicate a blood pressure problem even if only one number is high. No matter what category of blood pressure you have, its important to monitor it regularly. Talk with a doctor about how often you should check your blood pressure at home.
Write the results in a blood pressure journal and share them with the doctor. Its a good idea to take your blood pressure more than once at one sitting,
The doctor will likely address that health condition or concern first.
If its unclear why your blood pressure is low, treatment options may include:
- eating more salt
- wearing compression stockings to help prevent blood from pooling in your legs
- taking a corticosteroid like fludrocortisone to help increase blood volume
What Should I Do If I Have High Blood Pressure
If your healthcare provider has diagnosed you with high blood pressure, they will talk with you about your recommended blood pressure target or goal. They may suggest that you:
- Check your blood pressure regularly with a home blood pressure monitor. These are automated electronic monitors and are available at most pharmacies or online.
- Quit smoking and/or using tobacco products.
- Work on controlling anger and managing stress.
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How Is High Blood Pressure Diagnosed
Since high blood pressure doesnt have symptoms, your healthcare provider will need to check your blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. Providers usually check your blood pressure at every annual checkup or appointment. If you have high blood pressure readings at two appointments or more, your provider may tell you that you have high blood pressure.
Why Is It Important To Know If You Have High Blood Pressure
Early detection of high blood pressure is very important. Often referred to as the silent killer because it may show no symptoms, high blood pressure puts you at an increased risk for heart disease, heart failure, and stroke, among other things. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2013, more than 360,000 deaths in the United States included high blood pressure as a primary or contributing cause.
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Eat More Potassium And Less Sodium
Increasing your potassium intake and cutting back on salt can also lower your blood pressure .
Potassium is a double winner: It lessens the effects of salt in your system and eases tension in your blood vessels. However, diets rich in potassium may be harmful to people with kidney disease, so talk with your doctor before increasing your potassium intake.
Its easy to eat more potassium. So many foods are naturally high in potassium. Here are a few:
- other processed snacks
Foods labeled low fat are usually high in salt and sugar to compensate for the loss of fat. Fat is what gives food taste and makes you feel full.
Cutting down on or even better, cutting out processed food will help you eat less salt, less sugar, and fewer refined carbohydrates. All of this can result in lower blood pressure.
Make it a practice to check nutrition labels. According to the Food and Drug Administration , a sodium listing of 5 percent or less on a food label is considered low, while 20 percent or more is considered high (
Know Your Blood Pressure Numbers
To manage your blood pressure, you need to know which blood pressure numbers are ideal and which ones are cause for concern.
In general, meeting the criteria for hypotension has more to do with symptoms and specific situations than with exact numbers. But institutions like the and the United Kingdoms National Health Service consider people hypotensive if their blood pressure falls within this range:
|Systolic blood pressure in mm Hg||Diastolic blood pressure in mm Hg||Blood pressure category|
|And 60 or below||Hypotension|
The numbers for hypotension serve as a guide, while the numbers for hypertension are more precise. According to the , these ranges represent normal, elevated, or high blood pressure:
|Systolic blood pressure in mm Hg||Diastolic blood pressure in mm Hg||Blood pressure category|
|higher than 120||Hypertensive crisis|
When looking at these numbers, notice that only one of them needs to be too high to put you in a hypertensive category. For example, if your blood pressure is 119/81, youd be considered to have stage 1 hypertension.
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Stroke And Brain Diseases
Narrowed blood vessels and poor blood circulation are also detrimental to your brain and can impair cognitive functions.
- Stroke blood clots in the brain can cause impairments and sometimes even death
- Vascular Dementia an impairment in an individuals cognition, memory, and decision-making abilities
- Transient Ischemic Attack a temporary disruption of blood flow to the brain, which can indicate youre at high risk for a stroke
What You Need To Know About The New Blood Pressure Standards
If youre an American adult, there is a 46 percent chance you have high blood pressure. The odds increased in November when the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology issued new standards that lowered the threshold for the diagnosis of hypertension.
The new definition of Stage 1 high blood pressure is a systolic pressure of at least 130 or a diastolic pressure of 80 or above. Systolic refers to pressure during heart contractions, and diastolic refers to pressure between beats. The previous standard was 140/90.
The change meant 30 million more American adults have high blood pressure.
Brian Bostick, MD, PhD, is an MU Health Care cardiologist. In this Q& A, he explains the new standards and how you can keep your blood pressure in the normal range below 120/80.
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/90 Or Higher : You Probably Need Medication
At this level, your doctor is likely to prescribe medicine now to get your blood pressure under control. At the same time, you’ll also need to make lifestyle changes.
If you ever have blood pressure that’s 180/120 or above, it’s an emergency. You need medical help right away to get it under control.
New Blood Pressure Guidelines Mean Yours Might Be Too High Now
Heart experts released new guidelines for blood pressure on Monday and that means millions more Americans will now be diagnosed with high blood pressure.
Anyone with blood pressure higher than 130/80 will be considered to have hypertension, or high blood pressure, the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology said in releasing their new joint guidelines.
Its very clear that lower is better, said Dr. Paul Whelton of Tulane University, who chaired the committee that wrote the guidelines.
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New Blood Pressure Guidelines : Highlights & How Its Changed Normal Blood Pressure
The new 2017 blood pressure guidelines replaced the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure issued in 2003 and overseen by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
The new blood pressure guidelines were developed by the American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology and 9 other health professional organizations.
The new guidelines were written by a group of 21 scientists and health experts who reviewed more than 900 published studies. The guidelines underwent a careful systematic review and approval process.
Why has it been 14 years since the older guidelines? Blood pressure guidelines are not updated on a regular schedule. Theres a reason behind it. Instead, they are changed when sufficient new evidence suggests the old guidelines werent accurate or relevant anymore.
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