What Is Blood Pressure
Blood pressure refers to the force that the blood in your vessels exerts on the walls of your arteries. For your blood pressure measurement, you’re probably familiar with the two numbers. The top number or systolic blood pressure and the bottom number, diastolic blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure refers to the pressure in your vessels when the heart is contracting or squeezing. The diastolic blood pressure refers to the pressure in your vessels when the heart is relaxed.
What Is The Treatment For High Blood Pressure
- limiting your alcohol intake to no more than 2 drinks per day for men, or 1 drink per day for women with high blood pressure
However, lifestyle changes may not be enough. Some people also need medication to help reduce blood pressure levels to normal. While medicines are usually very effective at lowering blood pressure, they may cause side effects in some people.
Usually doctors will start a person on a low dose of a medicine and see how it goes. If it doesnt work well enough, or if there are troublesome side effects, other medicines will be used, sometimes in combination, until the blood pressure is controlled. This can take time. Some people will take medicines for life, although others will find that continuing to lose weight and changing their diet reduces the need for medicines.
Someone whose blood pressure is very high or causing symptoms such as headache, or if they have conditions such as heart disease or diabetes, may need urgent treatment with medicines to bring the blood pressure down to normal levels.
The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners recommends that you regularly review with your doctor or specialist any medications you are taking for high blood pressure or high cholesterol to assess the ongoing benefits and risks. For further information, visit the Choosing Wisely Australia website.
High Blood Pressure Headache Complications
If you dont get help quickly enough, your high blood pressure headache could cause malignant hypertension, which is accompanied by organ damage. High blood pressure headaches have many serious health risks, including:
Reacting quickly and decisively to a high blood pressure headache is important because many of these conditions can be fatal. You have a much higher chance of survival if they occur in a hospital setting.
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Is It Just A Pregnancy Symptom Or Something More
Pregnancy is a confusing time. Your body is going through a lot of changes and it can be hard to tell what’s normal and what’s a red flag. Learning more about the signs and symptoms of preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome and other hypertensive disorders of pregnancy can help you identify a problem early and ensure the best possible outcome. Some characteristics of preeclampsia are signs that can be measured, but may not be apparent to you, such as high blood pressure. A symptom is something you may experience and recognize, such as a headache or loss of vision.
When To Contact A Medical Professional
If you have high blood pressure, you will have regular checkups with your provider.
Even if you have not been diagnosed with high blood pressure, it is important to have your blood pressure checked during your regular check-up, especially if someone in your family has or had high blood pressure.
Contact your provider right away if home monitoring shows that your blood pressure is still high.
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High Blood Pressure Headache: When To Consult A Doctor
Headaches are common, and everyone experiences them from time to time. Luckily, there are many medications and at-home remedies to help alleviate pain. However, sometimes the treatments are ineffective, or the headaches become increasingly frequent. Because of this, it is crucial to determine the cause of the headaches. Consider your dietary concerns, circulation issues, and mental health into consideration.
Firstly, book an appointment with a primary care physician. You will want to discover whether your blood pressure is normal and talk about any concerns and doubts you may have with your doctor. Patients with undiagnosed hypertension may be at increased risk of heart disease and other health complications such as kidney damage. If you or a loved one believe you have hypertension or if you have been diagnosed with hypertension, call a medical professional right away. This is especially important if you feel a building pressure in the area of the skull. Since this can point to a hypertensive crisis, you need to seek out medical assistance instantly.
The Link Between Headaches And Nausea
In many cases, nausea and headaches result from lifestyle and dietary choices and underlying health conditions. Common among them are:
- Dehydration:Not drinking enough water causes headaches and is associated with migraines. The daily recommendation for adults is about a half gallon of fluids.
- Low blood sugar:Skipping meals or not eating enough can cause levels of sugar in the blood to drop considerably, leading to headaches and nausea. Low blood sugar is also known as hypoglycemia.
- Alcohol use:Drinking alcohol can lead to dehydration as well as fluctuations in blood sugar. These occurrences cause the headaches and nausea associated with hangovers. Alcohol may also trigger migraines.
- Medication side effects: Many prescribed and over-the-counter medications can cause these symptoms as side effects, so its important to know what youre taking. Notably, using too many pain-managing medications can cause headaches, a condition known as medication overuse headache .
- Caffeine intake:If youre a regular coffee or tea drinker, you can develop headaches and nausea if you dont get your regular cup. Interestingly, caffeine influences the activity of blood vessels in the brain and can serve both as a headache trigger and a means of relief.
- Nicotine use: Among the numerous negative health effects of nicotine and smoking tobacco is headache. Smoking increases pain sensitivity and narrows blood vessels, hindering blood flow to the brain.
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Systolic Vs Diastolic Blood Pressure And Headaches
Blood pressure is measured with a blood pressure cuff and reported as two numberssystolic pressure is the first or top number, while diastolic pressure is the second or bottom number. These numbers are both usually either normal, too high, or too low, but they are each a reflection of slightly different aspects of health. And sometimes isolated systolic hypertension or isolated diastolic hypertension can occur.
Among participants in the Norwegian study, those with higher systolic pressures and wider pulse pressures seemed to be the most protected from a headache. Interestingly, patients with high blood pressure who were receiving treatment seemed to have headache risk similar to that of patients with normal blood pressure.
And other research has suggested that a high diastolic blood pressure, which is the second number in a blood pressure reading, is associated with headaches.
Researchers dont yet know exactly how blood pressure affects headaches. Theories range from altered levels of certain hormones and blood chemicals to differences in artery stiffness. Arteries tend to become stiffer as blood pressure rises, which is one of the main reasons that high blood pressure can lead to blood vessel damage.
Who To Blame What Causes High Blood Pressure
It is not always your fault to have high blood pressure. You may not be taking a balanced diet or exercising regularly. But there are some additional factors that contribute to hypertension. Let us tell you about those factors, so you can partially blame them.
Some High blood pressure causes are listed below:
- Too much salt and oil in your diet: A poor diet leads to a hypertensive condition. You should avoid ingesting meals high in salt and oil. They make you more prone to having high blood pressure. So say goodbye to salted french fries and maintain a healthy blood pressure level.
- Physical inactivity: Elevators were made to carry us across several storeys. But it may be a good idea to ditch the lift and walk up some stairs. It is suggested to have better time management and hit the gym or play your favorite sport.
Physical inactivity is one of the prime causes of hypertension. If you are leading a sedentary lifestyle, you may be at risk of developing this condition.
Our mental health plays a big role in maintaining our blood pressures. You may be at a higher risk of developing hypertension if you remain stressed for longer periods of time.
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Medications Used To Treat High Blood Pressure
These high blood pressure medications flush extra water and sodium from your body. Diuretics may cause these side effects:
- Extra urination. Extra water out means more time in the bathroom. Take these medications earlier in the day and when youre not far away from a bathroom.
- Weakness, leg cramps, or fatigue. Diuretics may decrease the bodys levels of the mineral potassium, which can lead to these side effects. Certain potassium-sparing diuretics do not have this effect, however.
- Intense and sudden foot pain, which is a symptom of gout this is rare.
Beta-blockers make your heart beat less forcefully and more slowly. These medications may cause side effects such as:
- Insomnia and sleep problems
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
These high blood pressure medications block formation of a hormone that causes blood vessels to narrow, so vessels relax. ACE inhibitors may cause these side effects:
- A dry, hacking cough that doesnt go away. If you have this side effect, the doctor may prescribe another type of medication.
- Skin rash and a loss of taste are two other possible side effects of ACE inhibitors.
Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
These high blood pressure medications shield blood vessels from a hormone that causes blood vessels to narrow. This allows blood vessels to stay open. One of the more common side effects of ARBs is dizziness.
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Medicine To Lower Blood Pressure During Pregnancy
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Common Symptoms And Signs Of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure occurs when the pressure in your artries is higher than normal. You can measure the pressure in your arteries. Do have high blood pressure? Do you know what signs to look for? Youll find information about the common signs of high blood pressure in this article.
Most Americans usually tend to ignore high blood pressure. Even those who do go on medication only stay on the medication for a short while. According to studies, 90% dont stick with the recommended regime. Unless the blood pressure is kept under control it could lead to serious problems with vital organ such as your heart, kidneys, brain and eyes.
The normal numbers for blood pressure is 120/80. Between 120 and 140 is a pre-hypertensive stage that can be controlled by natural remedies such as exercise, watching your salt intake, quitting smoking, lowering cholesterol, and eating vegetables, etc. If your blood pressure goes over 140/90 then you would be considered to have high blood pressure, or a hypertensive patient.
How Much Calicum To Take When Taking Blood Pressure Medicine
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Blood Pressure Checks During Pregnancy
If you are pregnant, you should have your blood pressure checked on a regular basis, even if it is not high.
Watching your blood pressure while you are pregnant reduces your risk of developing pregnancy-induced hypertension. This can lead to a serious condition called pre-eclampsia where there is a problem with the placenta .
How Not To Relieve A Hypertension Headache
High blood pressure headaches are a symptom of a serious health emergency. Taking traditional pain relievers is ineffective and delays the medical care you need.
You can take previously prescribed blood pressure medication on your way to the emergency room, but don’t wait for it to take effect as it might not help. To prevent serious complications, you need to get professional medical help within one to two hours.
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What’s The Impact Of Having High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for developing cardiovascular diseases such as:
- coronary heart disease – where the main arteries that supply your heart become clogged up with plaques
- strokes – a serious condition where the blood supply to your brain is interrupted
- heart attacks – a serious condition where the blood supply to part of your heart is blocked
Diabetes and kidney disease are also linked to high blood pressure complications.
High Blood Pressure And Nausea Or Vomiting
- Medical Author: Dan Brennan, MD
Last Editorial Review: 6/15/2020
These symptoms are present in a wide variety of gastrointestinal conditions. Perhaps you ate something that didn’t agree with you or you were exposed to a viral illness. Please keep track of your blood pressure and if you have concerns, then please contact your doctor right away.
While the list below can be considered as a guide to educate yourself about these conditions, this is not a substitute for a diagnosis from a health care provider. There are many other medical conditions that also can be associated with your symptoms and signs. Here are a number of those from MedicineNet:
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High Blood Pressure And Headaches
High blood pressure is commonly referred to as a silent disease, because it typically doesnt announce itself with any hallmark signs and has no universal symptoms. However, there are a few symptoms that can occur with high blood pressure. Among these, recurrent or worsening headaches are the closest things to a real high blood pressure symptom.
In Most Cases High Blood Pressure Does Not Cause Headaches Or Nosebleeds
- The best evidence indicates that high blood pressure does not cause headaches or nosebleeds, except in the case of hypertensive crisis, a medical emergency when blood pressure is 180/120 mm Hg or higher. If your blood pressure is unusually high AND you have headache or nosebleed and are feeling unwell, wait five minutes and retest. If your reading remains at 180/120 mm Hg or higher, call 911.
- If you are experiencing severe headaches or nosebleeds and are otherwise unwell, contact your doctor as they could be symptoms of other health conditions.
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Secondary High Blood Pressure
Some cases of high blood pressure are the result of underlying factors or cause and this is known as secondary high blood pressure.
Underlying factors include:
- kidney conditions, such as a kidney infection, or kidney disease
- narrowing of the arteries
- hormonal conditions, such as Cushing’s syndrome
- conditions that affect the bodys tissue, such as lupus
- medication, such as the oral contraceptive pill, or the type of painkillers that are known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , such as ibuprofen
- recreational drugs, such as cocaine, amphetamines and crystal meth
Occasionally, a rise in blood pressure can result from taking herbal remedies, such as herbal supplements.
How To Prevent A High Blood Pressure Headache
Monitoring your blood pressure is key to preventing a life-threatening high blood pressure headache. Doctors sometimes call high blood pressure a silent killer because it usually only causes symptoms in very severe cases.
To prevent a hypertensive emergency, you should measure your blood pressure at least twice a month. If you have a history of high blood pressure, your doctor may ask you to measure your blood pressure every day.
While its not always possible to prevent a hypertensive crisis, following these strategies can minimize your risk:
Your doctor can suggest preventive measures suited to you individually.