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What Blood Pressure Is Too Low

How To Lower High Blood Pressure Fast

TriHealth Doctor on Call: When is a Blood Pressure Reading Too Low?

Although a blood pressure chart may help you monitor your blood pressure level, knowing how to lower blood pressure or avoid its development is also necessary. Take the following measures to reduce blood pressure in case you are diagnosed with it.

  • Increase your Physical activity

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What Are The Treatments For Low Blood Pressure

The treatments for low blood pressure depend on what caused the condition. Your doctor will work with you to address the cause of the hypotension. In severe cases of hypotension, your doctor may give you IV fluids to raise your blood pressure.

Depending on a variety of factors, such as your age and the type of hypotension, your doctor may recommend one or more of the following: dietary changes, lifestyle changes and/or medications.

To make dietary changes, your doctor might tell you to:

  • Stay hydrated by drinking more water throughout the day.
  • Drink less alcohol.
  • Increase your salt intake slightly because sodium raises blood pressure.
  • Eat smaller, healthy meals and limit carbohydrates.

You can take several steps to avoid a sudden drop in blood pressure. Your doctor may recommend that you make the following lifestyle changes:

  • Wear compression stockings.
  • Get up slowly after youve been sitting or lying down.
  • Avoid standing for long periods of time.
  • Sit up and breathe deeply for a few minutes before getting out of bed.

Your doctor might prescribe medications like:

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Managing Low Blood Pressure

Having low blood pressure once in a while isnt likely a cause for concern.

Tell your doctor about any related symptoms. Keep a journal of your symptoms and what you were doing when they began.

This can help your doctor diagnose the cause of your low blood pressure, especially if youve tried making changes to your diet and lifestyle and still arent seeing your BP at a healthy level.

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Low Diastolic Pressure: No Symptoms

“When your systolic blood pressure gets too low, it can manifest as lightheadedness, fainting, and weakness. But low diastolic pressure by itself doesn’t have any symptoms,” says Dr. Paul Conlin, professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and chief of medicine at the VA Boston Healthcare System.

One of the new studies, which analyzed the medical records of more than 11,000 adults over a period of three decades, found that people who had low diastolic blood pressure were twice as likely to have subtle evidence of heart damage compared with people whose diastolic blood pressure was 80 to 89 mm Hg. Low diastolic values were also linked to a higher risk of heart disease and death from any cause. The findings appeared in the Aug. 30, 2016, Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Another study, published in The Lancet, involved more than 22,000 people with heart disease, whom researchers grouped according to their blood pressure readings. People with well-controlled blood pressure values were considered the reference group.

Not surprisingly, people with high systolic blood pressure were more likely to experience heart attacks or strokes, be hospitalized with heart failure, or to die compared with people in the reference group. But the same was true for heart attacks, heart failure, and death in people with low blood pressure .

When To See A Doctor

LOW BLOOD PRESSURE HYPOTENSION

Low blood pressure can lead to health complications if left untreated.

If you suspect you have low blood pressure or are experiencing any symptoms that you think might be related to blood pressure, call your doctor to make an appointment.

If you or someone you know is experiencing severe symptoms, including difficulty breathing, chest pain, clammy or blue skin, loss of consciousness, or confusion, that may indicate a medical emergency.

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What Procedures And Tests Diagnose Low Blood Pressure

In some people, particularly relatively healthy ones, symptoms of weakness, dizziness, and fainting raise the suspicion of low blood pressure. In others, an event often associated with low blood pressure, for example, a heart attack, has occurred to cause the symptoms.

Measuring blood pressure in both the lying and standing positions usually is the first step in diagnosing low blood pressure. In patients with symptomatic low blood pressure, there often is a marked drop in blood pressure upon standing, and patients may even develop orthostatic symptoms. The heart rate often increases. The goal is to identify the cause of the low blood pressure. Sometimes the causes are readily apparent . At other times, the cause may be identified by testing:

Blood Pressure Chart: High Low Or Normal For Adults & Children By Age

You can use a blood pressure chart by age and height or by gender to understand the meaning of your pressure readings. The charts provide ranges for high, low and normal pressure readings for adults and children. Statistically, high blood pressure is now one of the main causes of fatalities in the world. However, very few people understand their blood pressure readings and the acceptable level of blood pressure. A blood pressure chart may aid you keep your blood pressure within the normal range. Definitely, this will minimize chances of unprecedented complication and eventualities.

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Is Low Blood Pressure Bad For Your Health

Lower blood pressure is associated with a lower risk of conditions like heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. Those who exercise regularly, athletes, non-smokers, and those who maintain an optimal body weight experience lower blood pressures. Lower blood pressure is a good thing as long as it doesnât cause symptoms that could damage organs and tissues of the body.

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Medications That Can Cause Low Blood Pressure

Video: This is when low blood pressure is cause for concern

Medications might also cause your blood pressure to become too low.

Diuretics, tricyclic antidepressants, and erectile dysfunction drugs can also cause hypotension.

If a medication youre taking causes your blood pressure to become too low, your doctor may adjust the dosage or change the medication. This usually improves the hypotension.

Hypotension doesnt always cause symptoms. But sometimes low blood pressure means your vital organs arent receiving as much blood flow as they need. If this happens, you might feel tired or unwell. Symptoms of hypotension may include:

  • fatigue, an all-around sense of tiredness or lacking energy
  • lightheadedness, or feeling like you might faint
  • dizziness, feeling off-balance when you get up from a reclined or seated position, or while youre standing
  • nausea, a sense of discomfort in your stomach and feeling like you want to vomit
  • clammy skin, when you feel damp or sweaty to the touch
  • depression, persistent feelings such as sadness or low mood that interfere with your daily activities

Your treatment plan will depend on whats causing your hypotension. Your doctor will consider factors including:

  • the type of hypotension youre experiencing
  • the situations that may be causing hypotension for you

For some people, low blood pressure may not cause any symptoms. In cases where treatment is needed, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes, medical treatment, or a combination of both.

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Diagnosis And Types Of Hypotension

Once a healthcare provider has determined through a blood pressure reading that you have hypotension, diagnosis will focus on figuring out what is causing your blood pressure to be too low. Your healthcare provider will examine your medical history to look for underlying causes and may order a blood test to see if you have low blood sugar , high blood sugar , or a low red blood cell count .

To see if your heart is functioning the way its supposed to, the healthcare provider may order an electrocardiogram , which records your hearts electrical signals and can detect irregularities in your heart rhythm, structural problems in your heart, and issues with the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart muscle.

If you are experiencing dizziness or neurally mediated hypotension, a tilt-table test may be performed. In this test, a person lies on a table that is tilted to raise or lower their upper body in order to evaluate how their body reacts to changes in position.

There are five main types of hypotension.

When Is Low Blood Pressure Too Low Hypotension And More

Some people naturally have low blood pressure, known as hypotension. However, when high blood pressure suddenly becomes low blood pressure, it could be cause for concern.

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Low blood pressure, or hypotension, may be a sign of good health and of a decreased risk of heart disease. But not always. At times, continually low blood pressure or a sudden drop in blood pressure can lead to worrisome symptoms and even serious health problems.

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Know When To Talk To Your Doctor

Low blood pressure isnt usually something that you need to worry about. A single blood pressure reading below the normal range, without any accompanying symptoms, should not cause panic.

If your blood pressure is consistently less than 90/60 mmHg, talk to your doctor to make sure that he or she is aware of it. Also talk to your doctor if you experience symptoms with low blood pressure. MANA has some of the best doctors in Northwest Arkansas. Schedule an appointment with a healthcare provider in the MANA network today.

Heart Tissue Damage And Heart Disease

Low Blood Pressure: Signs, Symptoms, and Complications

Researchers have found a link between low diastolic blood pressure and heart damage.A 2016 study that lasted more than 3 decades and involved more than 11,000 people found that a diastolic blood pressure below 60 mm Hg is dangerous.People with this level are 50 percent more likely to have heart damage. This is compared with those who have a low diastolic pressure level between 80 and 89 mm Hg.Heart disease is another concern. The same study found that those with low diastolic blood pressure were 49 percent more likely to develop heart disease.

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How Older Adults Can Maintain A Healthy Blood Pressure

Maintaining a healthy blood pressure doesnt have to be complicated. Simple lifestyle changes can help:

  • Exercise. National guidelines recommend adults of all ages engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate physical activity each week. If mobility or health conditions are a problem, older adults should try to be as physically active as possible.
  • Lose weight. If your loved one is overweight, every 2 pounds lost can help reduce blood pressure by 1 mm Hg.
  • Eat a heart-healthy diet low in salt. The DASH diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, poultry, fish and low-fat dairy foods. It was designed specifically to help lower blood pressure. Try to limit sodium to no more than 2,300 milligrams per day.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol. Alcohol can raise your blood pressure. If your loved one chooses to drink alcoholic drinks, limit it to no more than one drink a day for women and up to two drinks a day for men.
  • Dont smoke. Tobacco damages your artery walls. If your loved one smokes, ask their doctor how to help them quit.
  • Manage stress. Try simple relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing exercises or meditation.

In some cases, diet and lifestyle changes are not enough to lower blood pressure. Your loved one may be having a difficult time achieving significant changes in their lifestyle, or their hypertension may be too severe to treat with diet and exercise alone.

How Does This Condition Affect My Body

Under normal circumstances, your body can automatically control your blood pressure and keep it from dropping too much. If it starts to drop, your body tries to compensate for that, either by speeding up your heart rate or constricting blood vessels to make them narrower. Symptoms of hypotension happen when your body cant compensate enough to offset the drop in blood pressure.

For many people, hypotension doesn’t cause any symptoms. Many people don’t even know their blood pressure is low unless they get their blood pressure measured.

For people with symptoms, the effects depend on why hypotension is happening, how fast it develops and what caused it. Slow decreases in blood pressure happen normally, so hypotension becomes more common as people get older. Fast decreases in blood pressure can mean certain parts of your body arent getting enough blood flow. That can have effects that are unpleasant, disruptive or even dangerous.

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What Is The Ideal Blood Pressure

Blood pressure readings are calculated using one number over another: systolic blood pressure over diastolic. The blood pressure monitor shows measurements in millimetres of mercury, appearing as mmHg. Everyones blood pressure will be slightly different and you would need to discuss with a medical professional as to whats safe for you.

The normal blood pressure range for adults comes in between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg. This means that anything below 90/60mmHg mark constitutes low blood pressure , while anything above 140/90mmHg indicates high blood pressure as this is the threshold where a medical professional would actively monitor your blood pressure.

Knowing these numbers can help make you more aware of your health, and may help you to stay on top of your blood pressure

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Is My Blood Pressure Too Low

What To Do If Blood Pressure Is Too Low

Most doctors agree that a healthy blood pressure is anything under 120/80 mmHg. But how low is too low for blood pressure? Hypotension can occur when blood pressure drops below 90/60 mmHg.

This isnt a hard and fast rule, though. Since factors, like age, weight, and level of physical activity contribute to blood pressure, your doctor may not diagnose you with hypotension even if your blood pressure is a little low.

Low blood pressure typically becomes an issue only if youre experiencing symptoms, such as:

  • Rapid breathing
  • Cold, clammy skin

If you have one or more of these symptoms and suspect your blood pressure is low, talk to your doctor.

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What Is Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing on the artery walls as it is pumped out of the heart. Blood pressure is measured in two kinds of pressures. Systolic pressure is when the heart beats while pumping blood. Diastolic pressure is when the heart is at rest between beats.

Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury . Systolic pressure is listed first , then diastolic pressure .

Normal blood pressure in adults is less than 120/80 mmHg.Low blood pressure is a reading below 90/60 mmHg.

Most forms of hypotension happen because your body can’t bring blood pressure back to normal or can’t do it fast enough.

For some people, low blood pressure is normal. They have it all the time, with no symptoms or negative side effects.

In other people, abnormally low blood pressure is caused by certain medical conditions or factors. When this happens, less blood and oxygen flow to the body’s organs.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Low Blood Pressure

The symptoms of low blood pressure may include:

  • light-headedness

These symptoms can occur when doing nothing. They are more likely to occur when changing position, such as standing up or when straining on the toilet.

However, often there are no symptoms and low blood pressure is often only identified as a result of a routine medical examination or during the course of an investigation for some other condition or underling illness.

Low blood pressure may be more serious in elderly people who may have an underlying illness or who may be at risk of a fall.

Check your symptoms with healthdirects Symptom Checker to get advice on when to seek medical attention.

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But How Low Is Too Low For Blood Pressure

As earlier mentioned, one persons normal blood pressure could be way too high for another. Since normal BP is subjective, it is important that patients commit to routine self-monitoring, and track their daily vitals that way.

But most experts say that BP below 90/60 mmHg, or there being any sudden drastic drop on it, can be problematic. A change of even 20mmHg can cause dizziness, confusion and even worse symptoms that can affect brain function. In severe cases, it could even lead to uncontrolled bleeding or severe infections within the body.

When To Check Blood Pressure

How low can your blood pressure go?
  • If your blood pressure is normal , get it checked every year, or more often as your doctor suggests.
  • If your blood pressure is elevated a systolic blood pressure between 120 and 129 or diastolic blood pressure of less than 80 your doctor will probably want to check it every 3-6 months. They will probably recommend lifestyle changes like more exercise and a better diet.
  • If you have stage 1 hypertension 130-139 over 89-90 the doctor might suggest lifestyle changes and see you again in 3-6 months. Or they could tell you to make the changes and give you medication, then recheck your condition in a month. It depends on what other health conditions or risk factors you have.
  • If you have stage 2 hypertension 140/90 or higher youâll likely get medication. Youll also need to make lifestyle changes and see the doctor again in a month.

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Your Diet Or Dehydration Could Make You Dizzy

Even mild dehydration may be why youre feeling dizzy or light-headed, according to the American Heart Association . Dehydration can also cause blood pressure to drop, which can lead to dizzy spells, notes the AHA. Dieting can also result in feelings of dizziness, because some diets cause dehydration, says Dr. Blau. According to the AHA, mild dehydration that follows the loss of just 1 to 2 percent of your body weight can cause dizziness.

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