Certain Pain Relievers Can Raise Blood Pressure
People with chronic pain take many pain relievers like Advil. Advil falls into the category of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs 7. Some prescription and over-the-counter medications can raise blood pressure 8.
The following medications are NSAIDs:
They raise blood pressure because they can cause your body to retain water, sodium and cause kidney problems. NSAIDS can reduce the effect of many blood pressure drugs complicating the problem even more 9.
What Is Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is the measurement of the pressure or force of blood inside your arteries. Each time your heart beats, it pumps blood into arteries that carry blood throughout your body. This happens 60 to 100 times a minute, 24 hours a day. Arteries deliver oxygen and nutrients to your whole body so it can function.
Blood pressure vs. heart rate
Both of these have to do with your heart, but theyre two different things. Blood pressure is how powerfully your blood travels through your blood vessels. Heart rate is the number of times your heart beats in one minute.
An increase in heart rate doesnt mean your blood pressure is going up, too. The only way to know your blood pressure is to measure it with a blood pressure cuff and gauge.
Most Us Adults Unaware That Over
DALLAS, Nov. 2, 2021 While nearly half of U.S. adults have high blood pressure , only 29% think over-the-counter pain relievers may raise blood pressure, according to a recent survey commissioned by the American Heart Association, the leading voluntary health organization devoted to a world of longer, healthier lives for all.
According to the American Heart Associations 2017 Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Management of High Blood Pressure, high blood pressure is defined as a consistent blood pressure measurement of 130 over 80 or higher. The guidelines also state that some OTC pain relievers may elevate blood pressure.
While majority of adults in the general population, as well as people with high blood pressure, arent sure about the effect of OTC pain medicine on their blood pressure, only a little more than half of those diagnosed with high blood pressure, who take OTC pain relievers check with their doctor before taking this medicine.
People who have high blood pressure or are being treated with blood pressure medication along with their loved ones and caretakers need to be informed about safe over-the-counter pain relievers, said Willie Lawrence, Jr., M.D., interventional cardiologist, medical director for health equity, Spectrum Health in Benton Harbor, Michigan, and volunteer lead of the American Heart Associations National Hypertension Control Initiative oversight committee.
About the American Heart Association
About the Survey
Don’t Miss: Do You Get Headaches With High Blood Pressure
How Do Pain Relief Drugs Work
In a certain way, all pain is in your head. When we feel pain, it’s the result of an electrical signal being sent from the nerves in a part of your body to your brain.
But the whole process isn’t electrical. When tissue is injured , the cells release certain chemicals in response. These chemicals cause inflammation and amplify the electrical signal coming from the nerves. As a result, they increase the pain you feel.
Painkillers work by blocking the effects of these pain chemicals. The problem is that you can’t focus most pain relievers specifically on your headache or bad back. Instead, it travels through your whole body. This can cause some unexpected side effects.
How Do I Prepare For A Blood Pressure Measurement
- Wait 30 minutes to measure your blood pressure if you just smoked, exercised or had a cup of coffee.
- Go to the bathroom and pee until your bladder is empty.
- Roll up your sleeve so you dont put the cuff over your shirt sleeve.
- Sit for at least five minutes without talking.
- Sit up straight with your feet flat on the floor. Dont cross your legs.
- Rest your arm on a table in front of you so your arm is at heart level.
Why Is Hypertension An Important Issue In Low
The prevalence of hypertension varies across regions and country income groups. The WHO African Region has the highest prevalence of hypertension while the WHO Region of the Americas has the lowest prevalence of hypertension .
The number of adults with hypertension increased from 594 million in 1975 to 1.13 billion in 2015, with the increase seen largely in low- and middle-income countries. This increase is due mainly to a rise in hypertension risk factors in those populations.
What Else Raises Blood Pressure
Other factors may also trigger an increase in blood flow. The following can raise blood pressure:
- Age: The risk of hypertension increases as you age.
- Family: You are more likely to get high blood pressure if it runs in your family.
- Already having another disease:Unmanaged diabetes, heart disease, thyroid, kidney, and autoimmune conditions may cause high blood pressure.
- Having clogged arteries:Damage to blood vessels may change their structure and increase blood pressure.
- Diet:Diets high in sugar and sodium can increase blood pressure.
- Lifestyle choices:Low physical activity, smoking, moderate alcohol intake, and not getting enough sleep are associated with high blood pressure.
- Mental health:Loneliness, stress, anxiety, and anger have been linked to increases in blood pressure.
- Your self-esteem: Low-self esteem and negative self-talk are harmful to blood pressure.
- Medications: NSAIDs , decongestants, hormonal birth control, and antidepressants are medications that can increase blood pressure.
- Hydration status: Not drinking enough water can cause high blood pressure.
- Holding the bladder: Putting off urinating for long periods of time may cause high blood pressure.
Recommended Reading: What To Take For High Blood Pressure
What Causes Blood Pressure To Spike Suddenly
Aside from pain, there are many obvious causes for high blood pressure like caffeine, exercise, or stress. Another common cause that is less obvious is medication. Medications that cause your blood pressure to go up include:
- Over-the-counter pain relievers called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , including popular brands like aspirin, Advil, Aleve, and Motrin
- Some antidepressants
Heart Attack And Heart Disease
High blood pressure can damage your arteries by making them less elastic, which decreases the flow of blood and oxygen to your heart and leads to heart disease. In addition, decreased blood flow to the heart can cause:
- Chest pain, also called angina.
- Heart attack, which happens when the blood supply to your heart is blocked and heart muscle begins to die without enough oxygen. The longer the blood flow is blocked, the greater the damage to the heart.
- Heart failure, a condition that means your heart cant pump enough blood and oxygen to your other organs.
Donât Miss: Does Having High Blood Pressure Make You Tired
You May Like: What Juice Is Good For High Blood Pressure
What Is Normal And What Is High Blood Pressure
Normal systolic blood pressure should not rise above 120, and normal diastolic pressure should not rise above 80.
High blood pressure is classified as a reading of 140 over 90, or above.
If the systolic blood pressure rises above 180, or if the diastolic blood pressure rises above 110, emergency care is necessary.
What Treatments Are Available For Patients With High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Without treatment, you can have a transient ischemic attack or stroke, heart attack, enlarged heart, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease , aneurysms, kidney disease, and broken blood vessels in your eyes. Treatment includes making changes recommended by your healthcare provider.
Diet and lifestyle changes:
- Reach and stay at your ideal body weight
- Get regular exercise
- Eat a well-balanced, heart-healthy diet that is low in salt, fat and cholesterol, and contains lots of fresh fruits and vegetables. Your diet is an important part of blood pressure control. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension eating plan and limiting sodium help control blood pressure. Ask your doctor to refer you to a dietitian for a more personalized eating plan.
- Having no more than two alcoholic drinks per day and no more than one drink per day for women and lighter-weight men. One drink is considered to be 12 ounces of beer or wine cooler, 5 ounces of wine or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof liquor.
- Control stress and anger.
- Avoid all tobacco and nicotine products.
- Other lifestyle changes, such as controlling lipid levels and managing other health conditions, such as diabetes.
Medications and follow-up care:
Your doctor may ask you to record your blood pressure at home. Follow your doctors instructions for recording your blood pressure.
Don’t Miss: How Common Is High Blood Pressure
High Blood Pressure And Joint Pain
Blood pressure is when blood pushes against the walls of your arteries. Your arteries carry blood from the heart to other parts of your body. Your blood pressure normally rises and falls throughout the day. If you have high blood pressure for too long, it can cause serious damage to your blood vessels. In turn, this may lead to various health complications. These include heart failure, vision loss, stroke, kidney disease, sexual dysfuntion.
Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. It is a the silent killer because there are no symptoms. More than 100 million Americans have hypertension, and many do not even know they have the condition. Hypertension usually has no warning signs or symptoms. And, many people do not even know they have it. Measuring your blood pressure is the only way to know if you have the condition.
The good news is that your doctor is able to identify high blood pressure with regular checkups. Furthermore, your blood pressure can lower to a healthy level successfully with medications and heart-healthy lifestyle changes. Or sometimes, lifestyle changes alone. Making changes to your habits, such as eating a lower sodium diet, getting regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, limiting alcohol use, and quitting smoking can lower your blood pressure significantly.
Try Meditation Or Yoga
Yoga, which commonly involves breathing control, posture, and meditation techniques, can also be effective in reducing stress and blood pressure.
A 2013 review on yoga and blood pressure found an average blood pressure decrease of 3.62 mm Hg diastolic and 4.17 mm Hg systolic when compared with those who didnt exercise.
Studies of yoga practices that included breath control, postures, and meditation were nearly twice as effective as yoga practices that didnt include all three of these elements .
Don’t Miss: How Does Dehydration Affect Blood Pressure
Food Ingredients And Supplements
Supplements and certain food combinations can also lead to elevated blood pressures.
Not all supplements that are labeled natural are considered to be safe. Herbal supplements and home remedies that use ingredients such as licorice can lead to hypertension, for example.
Also, foods with strong cheeses, cured meats, and even soy products can contain high levels of tyramine. This substance can interact with antidepressants such as monoamine oxidase inhibitors , resulting in hypertensive episodes.
Does Pain Raise Blood Pressure
Studies have shown that pain stimulates sympathetic nerves causing increased myocardial contraction and vasoconstriction leading to increased blood pressure, pain causes excitation of the renin-angiotensin system, which releases angiotensin leading to vasoconstriction and increased heart rate causing increased blood pressure, and activation of the renin-angiotensin system causes an increase in aldosterone, leading to water and sodium retention causing increased blood pressure. Clinically, pain can lead to increased blood pressure. Common causes such as abdominal pain, pain caused by lumbar disc herniation, and pain caused by femoral neck fracture can lead to increased blood pressure, which will return to normal after pain relief.
In addition, the blood pressure of the human body will be affected by many environmental factors, such as prolonged fatigue, stress, lack of sleep, staying up late, mood swings, and traumatic pain may all increase blood pressure. Symptoms of pain are more predominant, monitor blood pressure. If it is significantly high, temporarily take a little blood pressure-lowering drug.
Recommended Reading: Where Can I Check My Blood Pressure For Free
Eating More Fruits And Vegetables And Less Fat
People who have high blood pressure or people at high risk for developing high blood pressure should reduce their intake of saturated fats in favor of unsaturated forms.
that those with high blood pressure prioritize more heart-healthy foods, such as:
- whole grain, high fiber foods
- a variety of fruits and vegetables
- pulses, such as chickpeas, beans, and lentils
- fish rich in omega-3 twice per week
- nontropical vegetable oils, such as olive oil
- skinless poultry and fish
- low fat dairy products
If a person has high blood pressure or wished to maintain moderate blood pressure, it is important to avoid trans fats, hydrogenated vegetable oils, animal fats, and processed fast foods when creating a diet plan.
However, omega-3 fatty acids, such as those in oily fish and olive oil, have protective effects on the heart. However, these are still fats. While they are typically healthful, people with a risk of hypertension should still include them in their total fat intake.
contribute to hypertension. A fall in blood pressure usually follows weight loss, as the heart does not have to work so hard to pump blood around the body.
A balanced diet with a calorie intake that matches the individuals size, sex, and activity level will help.
Habits That May Be Raising Your Blood Pressure
DALLAS, Feb 20, 2019 With nearly half of American adults having elevated blood pressure, its important for everyone to understand that some common habits may affect blood pressure, making the condition more difficult to control.
Thats why the American Heart Association is providing quick reference tools for health care providers to guide their patients in discovering BP raisers that are often hiding in plain sight:
Improper measurement: Mistakes taking blood pressure can lead to false high readings. Ideally, patients will follow up in-office measurements with regular checks at home to rule out white coat hypertension, which occurs due to anxiety in a clinic setting. In either place, patients should be asked to prepare for a blood pressure reading by emptying their bladder, avoiding cigarettes or caffeine for half an hour before the measurement, and sitting quietly for a few minutes before taking a reading. During the test, a patient should rest the arm being measured on a surface thats chest level, feet should be flat on the floor, and no talking.
Over-the-counter medications: Common pain medicines called NSAIDs, such as naproxen and ibuprofen, can increase blood pressure. Ask patients what they use to treat minor aches and pains. Drugs such as acetaminophen are less likely to increase blood pressure. Decongestants are also known BP-raisers. People with heart concerns should limit or avoid them, particularly if their blood pressure is uncontrolled.
Don’t Miss: How To Prevent Low Blood Pressure
How Chronic Back Pain Causes Hypertension
Chronic pain has a traumatic effect on our bodies. Its connected to many different physical and psychological disorders, including hypertension. The systems that regulate pain and blood pressure are suspected to be linked, which may be the reason why sufferers of chronic back pain often exhibit multiple cardiovascular symptoms, including hypertension. Pain elevates blood pressure because of two biological responses that occur when your body experiences painful sensations:
Complication #: Impaired Quality Of Life
Unrelenting pain often interferes with the overall ability to enjoy life. It can affect many aspects of your life, including your relationships, productivity, self-esteem, emotions, and intimacy. These areas are vital to having a satisfying life.
To add to that, pain often causes feelings of loneliness and isolation. Our goal is to ease your pain using proven pain management strategies, so that your overall quality of life improves.
If youre dealing with any type of chronic pain, get in touch with a member of the Lynx Healthcare team. Our board-certified providers will evaluate your pain and create a treatment plan to alleviate your symptoms and reduce complications. To get started, call 505-356-4295 to schedule a visit or use our online appointment request form.
You Might Also Enjoy…
Read Also: Does Aleve Lower Blood Pressure
How Back Pain Can Impact Your Blood Pressure
This content was medically reviewed by Baher S. Yanni, MD, on December 8th, 2018.
For patients with severe back pain, finding an effective pain management treatment is essential because it improves your overall quality of life, but it could also be imperative to your cardiovascular health. Medical researchers have there is a link between chronic pain and hypertension, also known as high blood pressure. That means that if you struggle with pervasive back pain, you are at higher risk for high blood pressure and other issues related to cardiovascular health.Many patients attempt to deal with acute back pain on their own. However, if you have not spoken to an orthopedic doctor about back pain treatments, you may be putting yourself at risk for more severe health issues. Dont live with back pain any longer than you have to. By speaking to the specialists at Spine INA, we will work out a treatment plan to address your back pain, thus helping to stave off the development of hypertension.
How Pain Raises Blood Pressure
Pain can acutely increase blood pressure. Hypertension is associated with a reduced sensitivity to pain.
When pain is detected by the nervous system it will activate a mechanism called the baroreceptor reflex. This system is what controls blood pressure. The reflex tells the body to constrict blood flow, which increases blood pressure. This will continue until the pain is no longer detected. This reduced sensitivity to pain will tell the baroreceptor reflex to relax blood vessels and lower blood pressure down to normal levels.
Also Check: How Does Copd Cause Pulmonary Hypertension